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Predation, mutualism, commensalism, or parasitism
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Predation, mutualism, commensalism, or parasitism



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  • 1.  Predation, Mutualism, Commensalism, or Parasitism
  • 2. CommensalismCommensalism is a relationship between two living organisms where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped.
  • 3. The clownfish lives among the forest of tentacles of an anemone and is protected from potential predators.
  • 4. Some birds live among cattle to eat the insects stirred up as they walk. One example are egrets who hunt forinsects near a grazing animals mouth.
  • 5. One animal attaching itself to another for transportation such as barnaclesattach to shells or whales or a shrimp riding on a sea slugs. barnacles on whale’s tail and clam shrimp riding on a sea slug
  • 6. One species uses a second organism for housing such as small mammals or birds that lives in holesin trees or orchids which live in trees.Orchid in rainforest Venezuela
  • 7. ParasitismOne organism, usually physically smaller of the two (the parasite) benefits and the other (the host) is harmed
  • 8. Ticks and fleas that live in a host animals fur bite the animal and drink its blood are parasites.
  • 9. Insects such as mosquitoesfeeding on a host are parasites.
  • 10. Vines such as Kudzu growing on Trees
  • 11. Tomato Hornworm with Wasp Eggs
  • 12. Tapeworm or Hookworms living in Hosts Gut
  • 13. The roots of the Owl Clover arepartly parasitic on the roots of other desert wildflowers.
  • 14. MutualismBoth species benefit from the interaction.
  • 15. Flowers and their Pollinators (examples: Bees andhummingbirds gather nectar and spread pollen.)
  • 16. Birds and mammals eat berries andfruits while the plant benefits by the dispersal of it seeds.
  • 17. Algae and Fungi > Lichen - Algagets water and nutrients from thefungus and the fungus gets food from the algae.
  • 18. Cleaners eat insect pests from the skinof animals. (ex: Egyptian plover cleans giraffes and buffaloes)
  • 19. Many herbivores such as cows, sheep, deer, horses and rabbits depend on bacteria that live in their stomachs to break down the plant material.
  • 20. Coral Reefs- The corals get food and the algae get protection.
  • 21. Predationone eats another (Herbivores eat plants. Carnivores eats animals.)