Predation, mutualism, commensalism, or parasitism
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Predation, mutualism, commensalism, or parasitism

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    Predation, mutualism, commensalism, or parasitism Predation, mutualism, commensalism, or parasitism Presentation Transcript

    •  Predation, Mutualism, Commensalism, or Parasitism
    • CommensalismCommensalism is a relationship between two living organisms where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped.
    • The clownfish lives among the forest of tentacles of an anemone and is protected from potential predators.
    • Some birds live among cattle to eat the insects stirred up as they walk. One example are egrets who hunt forinsects near a grazing animals mouth.
    • One animal attaching itself to another for transportation such as barnaclesattach to shells or whales or a shrimp riding on a sea slugs. barnacles on whale’s tail and clam shrimp riding on a sea slug
    • One species uses a second organism for housing such as small mammals or birds that lives in holesin trees or orchids which live in trees.Orchid in rainforest Venezuela
    • ParasitismOne organism, usually physically smaller of the two (the parasite) benefits and the other (the host) is harmed
    • Ticks and fleas that live in a host animals fur bite the animal and drink its blood are parasites.
    • Insects such as mosquitoesfeeding on a host are parasites.
    • Vines such as Kudzu growing on Trees
    • Tomato Hornworm with Wasp Eggs
    • Tapeworm or Hookworms living in Hosts Gut
    • The roots of the Owl Clover arepartly parasitic on the roots of other desert wildflowers.
    • MutualismBoth species benefit from the interaction.
    • Flowers and their Pollinators (examples: Bees andhummingbirds gather nectar and spread pollen.)
    • Birds and mammals eat berries andfruits while the plant benefits by the dispersal of it seeds.
    • Algae and Fungi > Lichen - Algagets water and nutrients from thefungus and the fungus gets food from the algae.
    • Cleaners eat insect pests from the skinof animals. (ex: Egyptian plover cleans giraffes and buffaloes)
    • Many herbivores such as cows, sheep, deer, horses and rabbits depend on bacteria that live in their stomachs to break down the plant material.
    • Coral Reefs- The corals get food and the algae get protection.
    • Predationone eats another (Herbivores eat plants. Carnivores eats animals.)