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Food webs

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Food webs

  1. 1. In order to live animals need energy.Some animals get the energy they need to live fromeating plants and other vegetation.Some animals get their energy from eating otheranimals.Some animals eat both plants and other animals.
  2. 2. Animals that eat plants are called Herbivores.Herbivores have evolved to eat plants.They have specialised teeth and stomachs to enablethem to get the energy they need from plants.
  3. 3. Animals that eat plants are called Carnivores.Carnivores have evolved to eat meat.They have specialised teeth and stomachs to enablethem to get the energy they need from the bodies ofother animals.
  4. 4. Animals that eat plants and meat are calledOmnivores.Humans are omnivores.Omnivores have teeth and stomachs that enable themto eat and digest both plants and meat.
  5. 5. Food webs show what eats what in order to gain theenergy it needs to live.Food webs use arrows to show what eats what. Eaten by: Eaten by:
  6. 6. Nearly all food webs start with a green plant.Green plants are called producers because theyproduce their own food.
  7. 7. Animals are consumers.Some consume plants to get the energy they need tolive.Others consume other animals.
  8. 8. Animals that are eaten by other animals are calledprey.Some prey animals are herbivores.Some omnivores and carnivores are also prey toother animals.
  9. 9. Animals that eat other animals are called predators.Some animals are predators and prey.This means they eat some animals but are eaten byothers.The top predator that is prey to no other animal iscalled an apex predator.

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