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Predation, mutualism, commensalism, or parasitism


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Predation, mutualism, commensalism, or parasitism

  1. 1.  Predation, Mutualism, Commensalism, or Parasitism
  2. 2. CommensalismCommensalism is a relationship between two living organisms where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped.
  3. 3. The clownfish lives among the forest of tentacles of an anemone and is protected from potential predators.
  4. 4. Some birds live among cattle to eat the insects stirred up as they walk. One example are egrets who hunt forinsects near a grazing animals mouth.
  5. 5. One animal attaching itself to another for transportation such as barnaclesattach to shells or whales or a shrimp riding on a sea slugs. barnacles on whale’s tail and clam shrimp riding on a sea slug
  6. 6. One species uses a second organism for housing such as small mammals or birds that lives in holesin trees or orchids which live in trees.Orchid in rainforest Venezuela
  7. 7. ParasitismOne organism, usually physically smaller of the two (the parasite) benefits and the other (the host) is harmed
  8. 8. Ticks and fleas that live in a host animals fur bite the animal and drink its blood are parasites.
  9. 9. Insects such as mosquitoesfeeding on a host are parasites.
  10. 10. Vines such as Kudzu growing on Trees
  11. 11. Tomato Hornworm with Wasp Eggs
  12. 12. Tapeworm or Hookworms living in Hosts Gut
  13. 13. The roots of the Owl Clover arepartly parasitic on the roots of other desert wildflowers.
  14. 14. MutualismBoth species benefit from the interaction.
  15. 15. Flowers and their Pollinators (examples: Bees andhummingbirds gather nectar and spread pollen.)
  16. 16. Birds and mammals eat berries andfruits while the plant benefits by the dispersal of it seeds.
  17. 17. Algae and Fungi > Lichen - Algagets water and nutrients from thefungus and the fungus gets food from the algae.
  18. 18. Cleaners eat insect pests from the skinof animals. (ex: Egyptian plover cleans giraffes and buffaloes)
  19. 19. Many herbivores such as cows, sheep, deer, horses and rabbits depend on bacteria that live in their stomachs to break down the plant material.
  20. 20. Coral Reefs- The corals get food and the algae get protection.
  21. 21. Predationone eats another (Herbivores eat plants. Carnivores eats animals.)