Drafting a Summary Composition I—J. Santoy
Goal —Reader will understand essay by reading summary. <ul><li>Identify all key points/ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Identify au...
How Did We Get Here? <ul><li>Read essay </li></ul><ul><li>Annotated for key ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Identified Stages of t...
How will I begin? <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
Introduction <ul><li>Who is the author? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the complete title? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify topic </l...
Body <ul><li>How does author begin? </li></ul><ul><li>Which stages of thought could I combine in my summary? </li></ul><ul...
Conclusion <ul><li>How does the author end? </li></ul><ul><li>What major idea/question/problem does he leave the reader wi...
Other Rules—Do not use: <ul><li>You/Your—2 nd  person </li></ul><ul><li>Talk </li></ul><ul><li>Past tense </li></ul>
Other Rules— DO  use: <ul><li>3 rd  person—he/she/they/reader/author </li></ul><ul><li>Active verbs—discusses/argues/demon...
Other Rules— DO  use: <ul><li>Quotation marks for words taken from text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key words </li></ul></ul><ul...
Quotations <ul><li>Taken word for word  (exactly)  from the original text </li></ul><ul><li>Changing one word from a phras...
Paraphrase <ul><li>Putting the ideas of the original text in your own words </li></ul><ul><li>Changing one word from a phr...
Summarizing <ul><li>Same ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Your words </li></ul><ul><li>Condensed (shorter) </li></ul>
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Drafting A Summary

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Drafting A Summary

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Transcript of "Drafting A Summary"

  1. 1. Drafting a Summary Composition I—J. Santoy
  2. 2. Goal —Reader will understand essay by reading summary. <ul><li>Identify all key points/ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Identify author as creator/originator of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Identify all key sections of essay </li></ul>
  3. 3. How Did We Get Here? <ul><li>Read essay </li></ul><ul><li>Annotated for key ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Identified Stages of thought notes </li></ul><ul><li>Composed short section summaries </li></ul><ul><li>Identified author’s thesis sentence </li></ul>
  4. 4. How will I begin? <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction <ul><li>Who is the author? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the complete title? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify topic </li></ul><ul><li>1-2 sentence summary of entire essay </li></ul>
  6. 6. Body <ul><li>How does author begin? </li></ul><ul><li>Which stages of thought could I combine in my summary? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the author end? </li></ul><ul><li>How do I remind reader that these ideas are not mine? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author Tags </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Conclusion <ul><li>How does the author end? </li></ul><ul><li>What major idea/question/problem does he leave the reader with? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Other Rules—Do not use: <ul><li>You/Your—2 nd person </li></ul><ul><li>Talk </li></ul><ul><li>Past tense </li></ul>
  9. 9. Other Rules— DO use: <ul><li>3 rd person—he/she/they/reader/author </li></ul><ul><li>Active verbs—discusses/argues/demonstrates/shows/ explains/contends/comments/etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Present tense </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other Rules— DO use: <ul><li>Quotation marks for words taken from text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>phrases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sentences </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Quotations <ul><li>Taken word for word (exactly) from the original text </li></ul><ul><li>Changing one word from a phrase or sentence does not excuse you from using quotation marks. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Paraphrase <ul><li>Putting the ideas of the original text in your own words </li></ul><ul><li>Changing one word from a phrase or sentence is not paraphrasing </li></ul><ul><li>Rearranging the words is not paraphrasing </li></ul><ul><li>You must use your own words/terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Usually same length as the original </li></ul>
  13. 13. Summarizing <ul><li>Same ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Your words </li></ul><ul><li>Condensed (shorter) </li></ul>

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