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THE OPINION
ESSSAY
Prof. Julia I. Martínez
Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 2
The opinion essay is a formal piece of
writing which presents the author’s
point of view on a particular subject,
supported by reasons and examples.
The opposing viewpoint is also
presented, together with arguments
that show that it is unconvincing
(refutation).
Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 3
Opinion essays
 They present the writer’s personal opinion
concerning the topic, clearly stated and
supported by reasons and/or examples.
 The opposing viewpoint and reason should
be included in a separate paragraph before
the conclusion, together with the argument
that shows it is an unconvincing viewpoint.
 The writer’s opinion should be included in
the introduction and summarised/restated
in the conclusion.
4
A good opinion essay should consist of:
 An introductory paragraph, in which you
clearly state the topic to be discussed and
your opinion about it;
 A main body, in which the arguments that
support your view are clearly stated in
separate paragraphs and exemplified or
justified; it should also include another
paragraph in which the opposing argumetn
is presented and refuted; and
 A concluding paragraph, summarising the
main points of the essay, and in which you
restate your opinion.
Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 5
Points to consider:
 Present each point in a separate paragraph
(containing a topic sentence and clear
justification).
 Well-known quotations, rhetorical questions or
thought provoking statements are useful devices to
make your composition more interesting.
 Before you begin writing, you should always make
a list of the points you will present.
 Do not use informal style or very strong language.
 Use appropriate linking words/phrases to show the
links between paragraphs, as well as to link
sentences within paragraphs.
Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 6
OPINION ESSAY
Introduction
Paragraph 1:
state the topic and your
opinion
Main Body
Paragraphs 2-4:
Arguments & reasons /
examples
Paragraph 5:
opposing viewpoint and
reason/example +
refutation
Conclusion
Final paragraph:
summarise/restate your
opinion
Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 7
The Discussion Clock
 When considering a topic, you may refer to the
discussion clock, which will help you think of ideas
when planning your essay.
 Referring to the discussion clock is a useful
“brainstorming” technique, as it helps you examine
a topic from various viewpoints and decide on
ideas/points to include in your essay.
 Keep in mind that a topic may not relate to all the
aspects presented in the discussion clock.
 Remember that for each viewpoint you have
thought of, there is usually an opposing argument.
Think of the opposing arguments when planning
your essay.
Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 8
Bibliography:
 Evans, Virginia. Successful Writing
Proficiency. UK: Express Publishing.
1998 (New Edition, 2002).
 Evans, V. (1998). Successful Writing
Upper-Intermediate. EU: Express
Publishing (New edition, 2004).

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The opinion essay

  • 2. Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 2 The opinion essay is a formal piece of writing which presents the author’s point of view on a particular subject, supported by reasons and examples. The opposing viewpoint is also presented, together with arguments that show that it is unconvincing (refutation).
  • 3. Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 3 Opinion essays  They present the writer’s personal opinion concerning the topic, clearly stated and supported by reasons and/or examples.  The opposing viewpoint and reason should be included in a separate paragraph before the conclusion, together with the argument that shows it is an unconvincing viewpoint.  The writer’s opinion should be included in the introduction and summarised/restated in the conclusion.
  • 4. 4 A good opinion essay should consist of:  An introductory paragraph, in which you clearly state the topic to be discussed and your opinion about it;  A main body, in which the arguments that support your view are clearly stated in separate paragraphs and exemplified or justified; it should also include another paragraph in which the opposing argumetn is presented and refuted; and  A concluding paragraph, summarising the main points of the essay, and in which you restate your opinion.
  • 5. Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 5 Points to consider:  Present each point in a separate paragraph (containing a topic sentence and clear justification).  Well-known quotations, rhetorical questions or thought provoking statements are useful devices to make your composition more interesting.  Before you begin writing, you should always make a list of the points you will present.  Do not use informal style or very strong language.  Use appropriate linking words/phrases to show the links between paragraphs, as well as to link sentences within paragraphs.
  • 6. Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 6 OPINION ESSAY Introduction Paragraph 1: state the topic and your opinion Main Body Paragraphs 2-4: Arguments & reasons / examples Paragraph 5: opposing viewpoint and reason/example + refutation Conclusion Final paragraph: summarise/restate your opinion
  • 7. Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 7 The Discussion Clock  When considering a topic, you may refer to the discussion clock, which will help you think of ideas when planning your essay.  Referring to the discussion clock is a useful “brainstorming” technique, as it helps you examine a topic from various viewpoints and decide on ideas/points to include in your essay.  Keep in mind that a topic may not relate to all the aspects presented in the discussion clock.  Remember that for each viewpoint you have thought of, there is usually an opposing argument. Think of the opposing arguments when planning your essay.
  • 8. Opinion Essays. Prof. Julia I. Martínez 8 Bibliography:  Evans, Virginia. Successful Writing Proficiency. UK: Express Publishing. 1998 (New Edition, 2002).  Evans, V. (1998). Successful Writing Upper-Intermediate. EU: Express Publishing (New edition, 2004).