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Major and minor details

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What are major and minor supporting details and how to identify them.

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Major and minor details

  1. 1. Major and Minor Details An introduction
  2. 2. Supporting Details <ul><li>There are two types of supporting details in a text: </li></ul><ul><li>Major Details </li></ul><ul><li>Minor Details </li></ul><ul><li>Not all texts have both major and minor details. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Major Details Minor Details <ul><li>General ideas that support the main idea of the text. </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Points in an argument </li></ul><ul><li>Points of a comparison </li></ul><ul><li>Further elaboration of a main idea </li></ul><ul><li>Specifics that illustrate of support the major details of a text. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Details </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Instances </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul>
  4. 4. Key Questions <ul><li>Who or what is the passage about? (Topic) </li></ul><ul><li>What is the author trying to convey about the topic? (Main Idea) </li></ul><ul><li>What reasons or points support the main idea about the topic? (Major Details) </li></ul><ul><li>What examples, details, or statistics illustrate the ideas in the text? (Minor Details) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Signal Words <ul><li>Major Details </li></ul><ul><li>First, Second, Third </li></ul><ul><li>One </li></ul><ul><li>Another </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover </li></ul><ul><li>Next </li></ul><ul><li>Also </li></ul><ul><li>Finally </li></ul><ul><li>Minor Details </li></ul><ul><li>For example </li></ul><ul><li>An example is </li></ul><ul><li>For instance </li></ul><ul><li>To be specific </li></ul><ul><li>That is </li></ul><ul><li>This means </li></ul><ul><li>Case in point </li></ul><ul><li>To illustrate </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1 One writer spent nine hundred hours over the course of eight years watching the action in singles bars and learning about male-female relationships. 2 Although men think of themselves as the aggressors, says this writer, it is really the women who make the decisions when a courtship is beginning. 3 He has observed that women are the ones who pick a potential mate out of the crowd. 4 They position themselves near the man they have selected and, with a glance or a smile, invite him to make contact. 5 Similarly as conversation begins, the woman initiates each increasingly intimate stage. 6 Her continuing eye contact, moving closer, and touching the man all signal her permission for him to make further advances. 7 In most cases, the woman’s signals are so subtle that the man is only subconsciously aware of them .
  7. 7. Outline <ul><li>Preparing an outline shows a relationship between the main idea and the supporting details. </li></ul><ul><li>Outlines start with a main idea followed by supporting details: Major and Minor </li></ul>
  8. 8. Outlining Tips <ul><li>Look for words that tell you a list of details is coming. </li></ul><ul><li>Common List Words: </li></ul><ul><li>Several kinds </li></ul><ul><li>A number of </li></ul><ul><li>Four steps </li></ul><ul><li>Various causes </li></ul><ul><li>A series of </li></ul><ul><li>Among the results </li></ul><ul><li>A few reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Three factors </li></ul><ul><li>Several advantages </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tip: Look for words that signal Major Details <ul><li>One </li></ul><ul><li>First (of all) </li></ul><ul><li>Second(ly) </li></ul><ul><li>Third(ly) </li></ul><ul><li>To begin with </li></ul><ul><li>For one thing </li></ul><ul><li>Also </li></ul><ul><li>Another </li></ul><ul><li>Next </li></ul><ul><li>In addition </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover </li></ul><ul><li>Further </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore </li></ul><ul><li>Last(ly) </li></ul><ul><li>Final(ly) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Topic Main Idea <ul><li>Male-Female Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Although men think of themselves as the aggressors, says this writer, it is really the women who make the decisions when a courtship is beginning. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Major Details <ul><li>He has observed that women are the ones who pick a potential mate out of the crowd. </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly as conversation begins, the woman initiates each increasingly intimate stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Locate the final major detail </li></ul>
  12. 12. Minor Details <ul><li>They position themselves near the man they have selected and, with a glance or a smile, invite him to make contact. </li></ul><ul><li>Locate the final minor detail </li></ul>

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