Fourteenth Class - Part I - Telling Stories: Intro to Clauses

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Fourteenth Class - Part I - Telling Stories: Intro to Clauses

  1. 1. Waitiaidauujamu/waitiainiauranu/abriendopuertas/opening doors<br />Basic Level English Course<br />December 11th, 2010<br />Telling Stories (Part I) – Intro to Clauses<br />
  2. 2. Lesson Objectives/Objetivos de la Lección<br />To tell oral and written stories using clauses, the past forms, sequence adverbs, and other tenses learned<br />Contarhistoriasorales y escritasusandocláusulas, lasformas del pasado, adverbios de secuencia y otrostiemposaprendidos<br />
  3. 3. Please, Listen and <br />Practice:<br />Partial List of Irregular Verbs/ListaParcial de VerbosIrregulares (Base Forms/Present & Past Tense Forms<br />REMINDER = RECORDATORIO<br />
  4. 4. Time Expressions in the Past Tense<br />yesterday = ayer<br />last night = anoche<br />last week = la semana pasada<br />last Saturday = el Sábado pasado<br />last year = el año pasado<br />two days ago = hace dos dias<br />two weeks ago = hace dos semanas<br />two hours ago = hace dos horas<br />two years ago = hace dos años<br />
  5. 5. Tag Questions<br />Used to verify information we think is true<br />Used to check information we aren’t sure is true<br />If the sentence is affirmative, the tag is negative:<br />You love me,don’t you?<br />If the sentence is negative, the tag is affirmative:<br />She graduated from college,didn’t she?<br />Use a comma (,) to separate the sentence from the tag<br />Irregular tag question example: I am…,aren’t I?<br />I am your best friend,aren’t I?<br />
  6. 6. Tag Questions: Exercises<br />Write the appropriate tag question sforeah sentence below:/Escriba el tag question correctoparacadaoración a continuación:<br />He is, ________?<br />He does, ________?<br />Roger will, ________?<br />He can’t, ________?<br />Jessica did, ________?<br />They were, ________?<br />He was, ________?<br />They weren’t, ________?<br />I am, ________?<br />I am not, ________?<br />
  7. 7. Tag Questions: Answer Key<br />Write the appropriate tag question sforeah sentence below:/Escriba el tag question correctoparacadaoración a continuación:<br />He is, isn’t he?<br />He does, doesn’t he?<br />Roger will, won’t he?<br />He can’t, can he?<br />Jessica did, didn’t she?<br />They were, weren’t they?<br />He was, wasn’t he?<br />They weren’t, were they?<br />I am, aren’t I?<br />I am not, am I?<br />
  8. 8. Clauses: Grammar Basics<br />Sentences<br />(*) Have a subject and a predicate<br />(*) Ideas that don’t usually have other subordinate ideas<br />Simple Sentence:<br />She came to his office.<br />Compound Sentence:<br />She came to his office,and they worked together.<br />Clauses<br />(*) Have a subject and a predicate<br />(*) Ideas that usually have a subordinate idea<br />Subordinate Clauses:<br />Sentences that cannot stand alone<br />Independent Clauses (Main Clauses):<br />Simple sentences that can stand alone<br />Example:<br />When She came to his office, he left.<br />Coordinating Conjunction:<br />It’s a connector between two words or sentences.<br />Examples: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.<br />Subordinating Conjunction:<br />Joins a subordinate clause to a main clause. Examples: after, as soon as, before, if, when, while.<br />Use of Commas (,):<br />Commas are used before the coordinating conjunctions.<br />Commas are used after the subordinating conjunction when the subordinating conjunctionstarts the sentence.<br />Example: When she came to his office, he left.<br />Commas are not used when the subordinating conjunctiondoesn’t start the sentence.<br />Example: He left when she came to his office.<br />
  9. 9. Clauses: Grammar Basics (Tradución)<br />Oraciones<br />(*) Tienen un sujeto y un predicado<br />(*) Ideas que no tienenotras ideas subordinadas<br />Oración Simple:<br />She came to his office.<br />OraciónCompuesta:<br />She came to his office,and they worked together.<br />Cláusulas<br />(*) Tienen un sujeto y un predicado<br />(*) Ideas quetienenuna idea subordinada<br />CláusulasSubordinadas:<br />Oracionesque no puedenestarsolas<br />CláusulasIndependientes (CláusulasPrincipales):<br />Oracionesquepuedenestarsolas<br />Ejemplo:<br />When She came to his office, he left.<br />Conjunción Coordinadora:<br />Es un conector entre dos palabras u oraciones.<br />Ejemplos: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.<br />ConjunciónSubordinadora:<br />Uneunacláusulasubordinada a unacláusula principal. Ejemplos: after, as soon as, before, if, when, while.<br />Uso de Comas (,):<br />Comas se usanantes de la conjunción coordinadora.<br />Comas se usandespués de la conjunción coordinadoracuando la conjunción coordinadoraempieza la oración.<br />Ejemplo: When she came to his office, he left.<br />Comasno se usancuando la conjunción coordinadora no empieza la oración.<br />Example: He left when she came to his office.<br />
  10. 10. Past Continuous<br />Subject + was/were + base form + ing<br />The past continuous is used to describe an action that was in progress at a specific time in the past.<br />The action began before the specific time and may or may not continue after the specific time.<br />Examples:<br />My wife and I were eating at 6:00<br />They were watching TV at 7:00 last night .<br />Eating at 6:00<br />My wife and I were eating at 6:00<br />Past<br />Present<br />
  11. 11. Use the past progressive with the simple past tense to talk about an action that was interruptedby another action.<br />Use when to introduce the simple past tense action, OR use while to introduce the past progressive action.<br />Examples:<br />I was taking a shower when the phone rang<br />When she called, I was studying for my exam.<br />While they were talking, someone interrupted them.<br />Past Continuous (Past Progressive) with the Past Tense<br />The phone rang<br />Taking a shower<br />I was taking a shower when the phone rang.<br />Past<br />Present<br />
  12. 12. Use the past progressive with while (or When) to talk about two actions in progressat the same time in the past.<br />Examples:<br />While I was watching TV, my wife was talking on the phone.<br />My wife was talking on the phone while I was watching TV.<br />When they were talking, someone looking out the window.<br />Past Continuous (Past Progressive) with While (or When)<br />Wife talking on the<br />phone<br />Watching TV<br />While I was watching TV, my wife was talking<br />on the phone.<br />Past<br />Present<br />
  13. 13. BE CAREFUL: Sentences with both (two) clauses in the simple past tensehave a very different meaning from sentences with one clause in the simple past tense and one clause in the past progressive.<br />Examples:<br />When the bell rang, I ate dinner.<br />(First the bell rang; then I ate dinner)<br />When the bell rang, I was eating dinner.<br />(First I was eating dinner; then the bell rang).<br />Past Continuous (Past Progressive) and the Past Tense<br />When the bell rang, I ate dinner<br />When the bell rang, I was eating dinner<br />The bell rang<br />Eating dinner<br />I ate dinner<br />The bell<br />rang<br />Past<br />Present<br />Past<br />Present<br />
  14. 14. Use the past progressive to focus on the DURATION of an action, not its completion.<br />Example:<br />Edilberto was reading a book last night.<br />(We don’t know if he finished the book)<br />Use the simple past tense to focus on COMPLETION of an action.<br />Example:<br />Edilberto read a book last night.<br />(He probably finished it).<br />Difference between the Past Continuous (Past Progressive) and the Simple Past Tense<br />Edilberto was reading a book last night<br />Edilberto read a book last night<br />Was reading a book<br />?<br />Read a book<br />.<br />?<br />Past<br />Present<br />Past<br />Present<br />
  15. 15. Subject + used to + BASE FORM<br />Use USED TO + BASE FORM to talk about past facts that are no longer true. <br />Use USED TO + BASE FORMparahablar de hechospasadosqueya no se encuentranvigentes.<br />Examples/Ejemplos:<br />When I was a child, I used to fear ghosts.<br />I used to love Mickey Mouse as a child.<br />I used to be the best student in my English class.<br />
  16. 16. Narrating events in the past with sequence adverbs<br />First, I woke up really early. Then, I looked next to me, and my wife was not there. Next, I got up to see if my wife was in the other room. She wasn’t there, so I called her cell phone. She never picked up the phone. After that, I was really worried. Later, she came back home an didn’t answer my questions. Finally, I decided to leave the house the next day. <br />
  17. 17. Accomplishing the Lesson Objectives – Telling oral and written stories using clauses, the past forms, sequence adverbs, and other tenses learned /Contandohistoriasorales y escritasusandocláusulas, lasformas del pasado, adverbios de secuencia y otrostiemposaprendidos<br /><ul><li> Talk to a friend and tell him/her a story
  18. 18. Háblale a un amigo(a) y cuéntaleunahistoria</li></ul>Fred: Hey, let me tell you a story…<br />Inspector Gadget: Is it an interesting story?<br />Fred: Yeah, really interesting.<br />Inspector Gadget: Go ahead. <br />Fred: When I was at home last night, someone came<br />in through the window. First, I was taking a shower. <br />After that, I took a nap. When I was taking that nap,<br />I heard my living room window. When I got up, the <br />thief ran out of the door. As soon as he left, I called<br />The cops.<br />Inspector Gadget: That was an interesting story man. <br />I am glad nothing happened to you.<br />Fred: Thanks, and I told you it was interesting.<br />Vocabulary:<br />Go ahead = continua<br />Through the window = por la ventana<br />Took a nap = hizouna siesta<br />Window = ventana<br />Ran out of the door = corriópor la puerta<br />As soon as… = En cuanto…<br />I am glad = estoycontento<br />Cops = Policias (coloquial)<br />
  19. 19. YOUR TURN…!!/TU TURNO…!!/Talk to a friend in English, tell him/her a story/Háblale a un amigo(a) en Inglés, cuéntaleunahistoria<br /><ul><li>Tell your friend a story:/
  20. 20. Cuéntaleunahistoria a un amigo:</li></ul>You: Do you know about the chullachaqui?<br />Your friend: (I) never heard of it.<br />You: Okay. When I was a child, my father told me<br />this story. First, he heard it, and later he says he<br />experienced it…<br />

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