Fifth Class - The Simple Present Tense


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Fifth Class - The Simple Present Tense

  1. 1. Basic Level English Course September 4 th , 2010 The Simple Present Tense
  2. 2. <ul><li>To talk about routines, or true statements in general, using the Simple Present tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Hablar de rutinas, o afirmaciones verdaderas en general, usando el tiempo Presente Simple </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>PERSONAL PRONOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PRESENT VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>He </li></ul><ul><li>She </li></ul><ul><li>It </li></ul><ul><li>We </li></ul><ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>They </li></ul><ul><li>do/have/walk/watch </li></ul><ul><li>do/have/walk/watch </li></ul><ul><li>does / has /walk s /watch es </li></ul><ul><li>does / has /walk s /watch es </li></ul><ul><li>does / has /walk s /watch es </li></ul><ul><li>do/have/walk/watch </li></ul><ul><li>do/have/walk/watch </li></ul><ul><li>do/have/walk/watch </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>IT’S USED TO TALK ABOUT TRUE STATEMENTS IN GENERAL </li></ul><ul><li>IT’S USED TO TALK ABOUT THINGS THAT HAPPEN EVERY DAY OR AS A ROUTINE </li></ul><ul><li>I have a car. </li></ul><ul><li>The sun rises in the East. </li></ul><ul><li>The sun sets in the West </li></ul><ul><li>Denice and I go to work by bus. </li></ul><ul><li>I get up at 5:00 AM every day. </li></ul><ul><li>Denice goes to the gym on Mondays and Wednesdays. </li></ul>
  5. 5. S = /S/ Ta ke – Take s wal k – walk s Spea k – Speak s ---------- Voiceless final consonants: No vibration in vocal chords Pronounce the plural /S/ S = /Z/ Li ve – Live s G o – Go es Carr y – Carr i es Rea d - Read s ---------- Voiced final consonant : Vowel sounds (a,e,i,o,u): Vibration in vocal chords Pronounce the plural /Z/ S = /IZ/ Watch – Watch es Use – Use s Close – Clos es ---------- Sibilant final sounds (s,z,sh,ch,x…sounds): Pronounce an extra syllable Pronounce the plural /IZ/ Irregular Pronunciation Do – Does Say – Says Have – Has ---------- Some verbs have irregular pronunciation
  6. 7. <ul><li>Grammar Notes: </li></ul><ul><li>doesn’t = does not/ don’t = do not </li></ul><ul><li>BASE FORM = SIMPLE FORM of the Verb </li></ul><ul><li>For negative sentences and questions in the Simple Present Tense, the auxiliary verbs DO/DOES play the 3 rd Person Singular function, and the MAIN VERBS remain in their BASE FORMS </li></ul><ul><li>For questions (YES/NO or WH-Questions), there is SUBJECT/VERB inversion. This time the auxiliary verbs DO/DOES are placed first, and the SUBJECT (Roger/You) follows them. The MAIN VERBS follow the SUBJECT (Roger/You). They remain in the BASE FORM (†) </li></ul><ul><li>Notas Gramaticales: </li></ul><ul><li>doesn’t = does not/ don’t = do not </li></ul><ul><li>FORMA BASE = FORMA SIMPLE del verbo </li></ul><ul><li>Para oraciones negativas y preguntas en el Presente Simple, los auxiliares DO/DOES hacen la función de la 3 ra Persona Singular, y los VERBOS PRINCIPALES permanecen en su FORMA BASE </li></ul><ul><li>Para preguntas (YES/NO or WH-Questions), hay una inversión de SUJETO/VERBO. Esta vez, los verbos auxiliares DO/DOES se colocan primero, y el SUJETO (Roger/You) los siguen. Los VERBOS PRINCIPALES siguen a los SUJETOS (Roger/You). Estos permanecen en su FORMA BASE (†) </li></ul>Examples/Ejemplos
  7. 8. <ul><li>Affirmative Sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roger work s at night </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You study on weekdays </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Negative Sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roger doesn’t work in the morning (†) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You don’t study on weekends (†) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yes/No Questions & Short Answers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does Roger work every day? (†) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes, he does /No, he doesn’t </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you study at the university? (†) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes, I do /No, I don’t </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>WH -Questions (Information Questions): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What does Roger do at night? (†) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He works at night </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you study on weekdays? (†) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I study Medicine at San Marcos </li></ul></ul>Examples/Ejemplos
  8. 9. <ul><li>Conversation/ </li></ul><ul><li>Conversación </li></ul>Roger: Let’s go to the movies on Saturday? Sylvester: Ok, but not too late . I get up early on weekdays, I work all day, and sleep late . I have to take it easy…You know... Roger: What time do you go to bed on Saturday? Sylverster: At nine o’ clock Roger: Oh, that’s early . I go to bed at midnight. Sylvester: Do you have dinner late ? Roger: Yeah, I do, but let’s go to an early movie in the afternoon (… let’s say “The Expendables…”), have dinner at Chili’s at six o’ clock, and we go home early . Sylvester: Yeah… Let’s do that…!!! Note : early = Temprano late = Tarde let’s + VERB = Vamos a + VERBO you know… = Tu sabes… too = muy/también
  9. 10. <ul><li>Conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Conversación </li></ul>You: Let’s go to…on… Your friend: Ok, but… You: What time do you…?