1.6 Treat Disease Caused By Microorganisms
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

1.6 Treat Disease Caused By Microorganisms

on

  • 2,019 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,019
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
2,019
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
20
Comments
1

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel

11 of 1

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • Good presentation
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    1.6 Treat Disease Caused By Microorganisms 1.6 Treat Disease Caused By Microorganisms Presentation Transcript

    • Treat disease caused by microorganisms
      Manniseh Yakun
    • What are bacteria and viruses?
      Bacteria are single-celled organisms usually found all over the inside and outside of our bodies, except in the blood and spinal fluid. Many bacteria are not harmful. In fact, some are actually beneficial. However, disease-causing bacteria trigger illnesses, such as strep throat and some ear infections.
      Viruses are even smaller than bacteria. A virus cannot survive outside the body's cells. It causes illnesses by invading healthy cells and reproducing.
    • kinds of infections are caused by viruses
      Viral infections that should not be treated with antibiotics include:
      Colds
      Flu
      Most coughs and bronchitis
      Sore throats (except for those resulting from strep throat)
      Some ear infections
    • What is an antibiotic?
      Antibiotics, also known as antimicrobial drugs, are drugs that fight infections caused by bacteria.
      Alexander Fleming discovered the first antibiotic, penicillin, in 1927. After the first use of antibiotics in the 1940s, they transformed medical care and dramatically reduced illness and death from infectious diseases.
      Antibiotics have many beneficial effects, their use has contributed to the problem of antibiotic resistance.
    • What is antibiotic resistance?
      Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria or other microbes to resist the effects of an antibiotic.
      Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in some way that reduces or eliminates the effectiveness of drugs, chemicals, or other agents designed to cure or prevent infections. The bacteria survive and continue to multiply causing more harm.
    • Why are bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics?
      Antibiotic use promotes development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
      Every time a person takes antibiotics, sensitive bacteria are killed, but resistant germs may be left to grow and multiply.
      Repeated and improper uses of antibiotics are primary causes of the increase in drug-resistant bacteria.
      While antibiotics should be used to treat bacterial infections, they are not effective against viral infections like the common cold, most sore throats, and the flu..
    • can I prevent antibiotic-resistant infections?
      antibiotics designed for bacterial infections are not useful for viral infections such as a cold, cough, or the flu. Some useful tips to remember are:
      Talk with your healthcare provider about antibiotic resistance:
      Ask whether an antibiotic is likely to be beneficial for your illness
      Ask what else you can do to feel better sooner
      Do not take an antibiotic for a viral infection like a cold or the flu.
    • can I prevent antibiotic-resistant infections?
      Take an antibiotic exactly as the healthcare provider tells you.
      Do not skip doses.
      Complete the prescribed course of treatment even if you are feeling better.
      If treatment stops too soon, some bacteria may survive and re-infect.
    • Exercise
      What are the ways to treat diseases caused by microorganisms?
      How do antibiotics differ from antifungal?
      Explain the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.
      What are the dangerous side effects of antibiotics if used without medical advice or through unauthorised prescription?