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Your health is state of physical , mental and social well-being. Illnesses are health problems that affect your body´s organs.Health professionals: A general practitioner (or GP) A medical specialist is a doctor who treats specific illnesses a dermatologist diseases and a cardiologist. People usually go to hospital if they have a medical emergency.Illnesses usually have specific symtoms.A doctor make a diagnosis.
We can classify illnesses into basic group: Infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms. Examples measles and chicken pox. Non –Infectious diseases aren´t caused by microorganisms. Allergies, obesity, malnutrition, substance abuse and mental illness.
Bacteria, viruses, protozoans and fungi are common microorganisms. Some of them are not harmful to humans, but others can cause infectious diseases. Bacteria can cause diseases like tuberculosis, tetanus or salmonellosis. Many viruses are harmful to human beings. Flu, measles, rubella, and AIDS. Protozoans malaria, colera and amoebic dysentery. Fungi cause diseases of the skin, hair and nails.
By persona contract. By contract whith contaminated objects. By animal carriers. By consumption of contaminated food. By consumption of contaminated water.
To prevent infectious diseases, we must keep healthy lifestyle habits and follow a scheduble of vaccinations.Wash your hand. Brush your teeth. Clean cuts. Keep your pets healthy . Wash raw fruits and vegetables . Don´t walk bare foot.
A vaccine is a subtunce that contains weak or dead microorganisms. They help your body to resist the same disease in the future. A vaccination, the microorganisms in the vaccine can´t hurt you. But your body produces special subtunces called antibodies, in the future, your body will produce the same antibodies again to defend itself.
Eat a balanced diet. Try to do regular exercise. Try to get 8-10 hours of sleep every night. Follow road safety rules. Try to accept and respect your self and your body, express your feeling. Accept and respect other people.