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Beowulf
 

Beowulf

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    Beowulf Beowulf Presentation Transcript

    • British Invasions and Beowulf
    • Vikings Invade Britain
      9th century
      Norse:
      Scotland, Wales, Ireland
      Danes:
      East/South England
      Sacked, plundered, burned, killed
    • Results
      English fought back…
      …but mid-9th century, most of England was under invaders’ control
      871: King Alfred the Great
      Stopped Danes
      Made truce dividing England
      Danes : East & North
      Anglo-Saxons : South
    • However…
      End of 10th century, Danes took over more of England
      Forced Saxons to select Danish kings
      1042: back to a Saxon king, Edward the Confessor
      Death in 1066 = End of Anglo-Saxon period
    • The Norman Conquest
      Normans = “north men”
      Viking invaders of France
      William of Normandy stole English throne
      Normans took control of government
      Remade England  Feudal system
      Feudal system = exchange of property for service; all land is king’s; serfs, barons, knights
    • Anglo-Saxon Literature:Which type is Beowulf?
      Anglo-Saxon Prose
      Journals
      Historical Accounts
      Anglo-Saxon Poetry
      Heroic Poetry
      ElegaicPoetry
    • Beowulf = Heroic Poetry
      Epic poem
      1st epic poem in English language
      Considered the national epic of England
      NOT A TRUE STORY!
      Reflects dreams, fears of Anglo-Saxons
    • Beowulf
      Author unknown
      Recited as early as 6thcentury, written down 11th
      Originally in Old English
      Spoken by Anglo-Saxons 500-1100
      Hwæt. We Gardena in gear-dagum, þeodcyninga, þrymgefrunon,huðaæþelingasellenfremedon.
      Hear me! We've heard of Danish heroes,Ancient kings and the glory they cutFor themselves, swinging mighty swords!
    • Beowulf
      Setting : 6th century Scandinavia (NOT England!)
      Hero : Beowulf
      Geatfrom today’s southern Sweden
      Quest : Fight the monster Grendel
      Aid Danish King Hrothgar in Herot
    • Grendel
      Bloodthirsty villain
      Terrifying swampland creature
      Terrorizing Herot for 12 years
    • “The Wrath of Grendel”
      Today’s reading
      Celebration at Herot, Hrothgar’s banquet hall
      Outside, Grendel is lurking…