Beowulf

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Beowulf

  1. 1. British Invasions and Beowulf<br />
  2. 2. Vikings Invade Britain<br />9th century<br />Norse:<br />Scotland, Wales, Ireland<br />Danes:<br />East/South England<br />Sacked, plundered, burned, killed<br />
  3. 3. Results<br />English fought back…<br />…but mid-9th century, most of England was under invaders’ control<br />871: King Alfred the Great<br />Stopped Danes<br />Made truce dividing England<br />Danes : East & North<br />Anglo-Saxons : South<br />
  4. 4. However…<br />End of 10th century, Danes took over more of England<br />Forced Saxons to select Danish kings<br />1042: back to a Saxon king, Edward the Confessor<br />Death in 1066 = End of Anglo-Saxon period<br />
  5. 5. The Norman Conquest<br />Normans = “north men”<br />Viking invaders of France<br />William of Normandy stole English throne<br />Normans took control of government<br />Remade England  Feudal system<br />Feudal system = exchange of property for service; all land is king’s; serfs, barons, knights<br />
  6. 6. Anglo-Saxon Literature:Which type is Beowulf?<br />Anglo-Saxon Prose<br />Journals<br />Historical Accounts<br />Anglo-Saxon Poetry<br />Heroic Poetry<br />ElegaicPoetry<br />
  7. 7. Beowulf = Heroic Poetry<br />Epic poem<br />1st epic poem in English language<br />Considered the national epic of England<br />NOT A TRUE STORY!<br />Reflects dreams, fears of Anglo-Saxons<br />
  8. 8. Beowulf<br />Author unknown<br />Recited as early as 6thcentury, written down 11th<br />Originally in Old English<br />Spoken by Anglo-Saxons 500-1100<br />Hwæt. We Gardena in gear-dagum, þeodcyninga, þrymgefrunon,huðaæþelingasellenfremedon.<br />Hear me! We've heard of Danish heroes,Ancient kings and the glory they cutFor themselves, swinging mighty swords!<br />
  9. 9. Beowulf<br />Setting : 6th century Scandinavia (NOT England!)<br />Hero : Beowulf<br />Geatfrom today’s southern Sweden<br />Quest : Fight the monster Grendel<br />Aid Danish King Hrothgar in Herot<br />
  10. 10. Grendel<br />Bloodthirsty villain<br />Terrifying swampland creature<br />Terrorizing Herot for 12 years<br />
  11. 11. “The Wrath of Grendel”<br />Today’s reading<br />Celebration at Herot, Hrothgar’s banquet hall<br />Outside, Grendel is lurking…<br />

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