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HPC 3O1 - Social and Emotional Development
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HPC 3O1 - Social and Emotional Development


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  • 1. Social and Emotional Development Interaction, Expression and Individuality
  • 2.  The process of learning to recognize and express your emotions, as well as establish identity and individuality. Allows adult to display self- confidence, handle stress, and display empathy.Emotional Development
  • 3.  The process of learning to interact with others, and express yourself to others. Allows adults to display tolerance for others, and can interact peacefully. Good listener, respectful ect.Social Development
  • 4.  Signs of emotional development in babies How a baby’s care affects emotional development How emotions change during infancyWhat We Need to Know:
  • 5.  A child’s behaviour and actions towards others is closely tied to their emotions and self-concept. Babies bring their own experiences and individuality to any situations which dictates how they act/react. Maturity dictates how they will react emotionally.Key Concepts:
  • 6.  The attitudes newborns develop towards the world depend on how their needs are being met! Needs Met = Security Neglect = Anxiety and Insecurity Affect the ability to build trust both as a baby, and as an adult.Building Trust
  • 7.  The atmosphere of the home and type of care are key in emotional stability. Harmony, security, affection. Feelings are contagious, and babies can pick up on this Distrust, if continual, can interfere with development.Emotional Climate
  • 8.  Crying ◦ Emotional: Distress, anger, disgust, fear, boredom, attenti on ◦ Physical: hunger, thirst, bottle, burp, diaper, temperature , illness. ◦ Physical and Emotional are equally important.First Emotions
  • 9. Comforting
  • 10.  Closeness and cuddling New position Talk softly or sing Rocking, new movement Distraction, toys or object Rubbing their back PacifierOther Suggestions?
  • 11.  If a baby’s needs are consistently met, they will develop self-comforting methods Thumb sucking, pacifier, security blanket or toy. 8-9 monthsSelf-Comforting
  • 12.  Babies will gradually develop emotions, just as adults continue to experience more complex ones. 2 Months – smiling and delight 4-5 Months – anger, disagree, disgust 6 Months - fear 7-8 Months – elation or high spirits 9 Months – affection (for caregivers)Emotional Complexity
  • 13.  First Days – response to voices. Tone of voice affect emotional response. 1 – Stops crying when lifted or touched. Takes delight in familiar faces. 2 – Smiling, eyes follow objects, enjoy watching people. 3 – Turning head, seek companionship and care.Stages of Social Development
  • 14.  4 – Babies laugh out loud and look to others for entertainment. 5 – Interest in other family, cry when left alone, babbling to people/objects 6 – Love company, and game playing7 – Prefer parents overother family and strangers.Stages
  • 15.  8 – Prefer to be around others, can move from room to room on their own. 9/10 – Socially involved, following people, and getting in the way. Often want to be chased and play the “dropping game” 11 - Friendly, and sensitive to others’ emotions. Know how to influence emotions, and be centre of attention. 12 – Tolerant of strangers, playful.Stages
  • 16.  A strong bond between two people. Babies learn this around 6 months. First emotional relationship. Babies can experience loneliness.Attachment
  • 17.  If loneliness persists, babies may experience: ◦ Failure to respond to people and objects ◦ Emotional, physical, social withdrawal ◦ Slowed growth and dev. ◦ Become unattached ◦ Inability to develop caring or meaningful relationships later on.Failure to Thrive
  • 18.  Babies learn social behaviours through interaction and consistency Caregivers must act and react consistently to baby’s needs Daily routine and clues. Promoting positive and discouraging negative behaviour.Learned Behaviour
  • 19.  Total of all the character traits Traits which are consistent in an individual’s behaviour Encouraged through social/emotional dev. Varying degrees of each trait.Personality
  • 20.  Sensitive – unusually aware of their surroundings and changes. (fussy, irritable, need reassurance) Aggressive – strong willed and determined. (eat lots, cry loudly, physical) Placid – very accepting of surroundings. (“easy” personality, calm, cheerful)Traits