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Child development chapter 9


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Child development chapter 9

  1. 1. Child Development Chapter 9<br />Emotional & Social Development <br />During the 1st Year<br />
  2. 2. I. Emotional Development During the 1st year<br />A. Distinguishing between emotional and social dev.<br />i. emotional dev – the process of learning to recognize and express one’s feelings and learning to establish one’s identity and individuality<br />1. helps with self-confidence, handle stressful situations, and display empathy toward others later in life<br />Ii. Social dev – the process of learning to interact with others and to express oneself to others<br />1. understand and tolerate others, communicate accurately, treats people with respect and dignity later in life<br />
  3. 3. B. understanding emotional dev<br />i. begins at birth, develops throughout life<br />Ii. Follows predictable patterns, but progresses at individual rate<br />Ii. Emotions depend on:<br />1. child’s individuality<br />2. type of care the baby receives<br />3. atmosphere of home<br />
  4. 4. iv. building trust through care<br />1. comfortable and secure or confusing and difficult<br />2. if kept warm, clean, fed, dry, soothed when fussy, talked to when awake<br />A. child will feel comfortable and sense of security<br />3. crazy schedule, inconsistent care<br />A. child will have a hard time building trust<br />4. a child who can trust parents will trust him/herself and others later in life<br />
  5. 5. V. emotional climate of the home<br />1. affections and harmony between parents, caregivers, and all family members are the foundation of successful family life<br />2. babies catch on to adult’s feelings and tone of voice<br />3. feelings are contagious<br />4. babies sense anxiety and nervousness and tension<br />
  6. 6. C. crying and comforting<br />i. most obvious sign of emotions is crying<br />Ii. Diaper, hungry, hot, cold, pain, burp<br />Iii. Tips for comforting:<br />1. cuddle up with baby in rocking chair<br />A. combo of being held and rocked soothes baby<br />2. move baby to new position<br />3. talk softly to baby, or sing to baby<br />4. offer a toy to interest and distract the baby<br />5. place baby facedown across your legs as you sit in a sturdy chair<br />A. rub baby’s back<br />Iv. Suck on thumb or pacifier – nipple attached to plastic ring<br />V. favorite blanket or toy – each child develops their own way of comforting<br />
  7. 7. D. emotions in infancy<br />i. babies gradually develop different emotions<br />Ii. Birth<br />1. pleasure and satisfaction – baby is quiet<br />2. pain or discomfort – crying<br />3. distress<br />Iii. 2 months<br />1. delight – smiling<br />Iv. 4-5 months<br />1. anger – throw toys, push something away<br />A. anger towards objects and people<br />2. disgust – bad faces at gross food<br />
  8. 8. V. 6 months<br />1. fear – show some signs<br />A. fear of strangers at about 8 months<br />Vi. 7-8 months<br />1. elation – high spirits of elation/excitement<br />Vii. 9 months <br />1. affection – to those who provide security and care<br />A. towards other children comes later<br />
  9. 9. II. Social Development and Personality<br />A. signs of social development in infancy<br />i. first days of life<br />1. respond to human voices<br />2. calm. Soothing voice will quiet baby<br />3. harsh, loud voice will upset baby<br />Ii. 1 month<br />1. stop crying when lifted or touched<br />2. baby’s face brightens when sees familiar face, usually parent<br />Iii. 2 months<br />1. smile at people<br />2. eyes follow moving objects, like to follow people moving in a room<br />
  10. 10. Iv. 3 months<br />1. turn heads in response to voice<br />2. want companionship as well as physical care<br />V. 4 months<br />1. laugh out loud<br />2. look to other people for entertainment<br />Vi. 5 months<br />1. show increased interests in other family members beside their parents<br />2. may cry when left along in a room<br />3. babble to toys, dolls animals, or themselves<br />
  11. 11. Vii. 6 months<br />1. love company and attention<br />2. delight in peek-a-boo<br />Viii. 7 months<br />1. prefer parents over other family members or strangers<br />Ix. 8 months<br />1. prefer to be in room with other people<br />2. move from room to room looking for company<br />
  12. 12. X. 9-10 months<br />1. enjoy being chased<br />2. throwing toys with someone else picking them up<br />Xi. 11-12 months<br />1. friendly and happy<br />2. like to be center of attention<br />3. adjust to others’ emotions<br />4. tolerant of strangers<br />
  13. 13. B. attachment<br />i. 6 months works to develop an attachment to parents and other caregivers<br />1. special strong bond b/n two people<br />2. strong emotional bond<br />3. first social relationship<br />Ii. Physical care is very important in attachment process<br />Iii. Social interaction is also vital<br />A. so they know how to interact with people later in life<br />B. all babies need lots of love<br />C. if left alone, baby begins to fail to respond to people and objects<br />
  14. 14. Iv. Quite often happens in institution<br />V. can happen in homes with inconsistency and no effort or time spent with child<br />Vi. Become withdrawn and unresponsive<br />Vi. Failure to thrive<br />A. a condition in which the baby does not grow and develop properly<br />B. heard disease, lack of proper food<br />C. poor emotional and social care<br />D. will not be able to have caring meaningful relationships later in life<br />
  15. 15. C. stranger anxiety<br />I. 8 months it develops<br />Ii. Stranger anxiety<br />A. fear expressed by crying, of unfamiliar people<br />B. indicator the baby is improving memory<br />C. remember faces and people who provide them security and love<br />D. give baby time to adjust and introduce them slowly<br />
  16. 16. D. How behavior is learned<br />i. relies on expectations and attitudes of parents<br />Ii. Learn some through daily routine<br />Iii. Learn certain behavior rewards a positive response and certain a negative <br />Iv. Consistency<br />A. repeatedly acting the same way<br />B. verbal and nonverbal should say the same thing<br />C. treat situations consistantly<br />
  17. 17. E. Influence on personality<br />i. personality<br />A. the total of all the specific traits that are consistent in an individual’s behavior<br />B. some traits they are born with<br />C. family and environment play a big role<br />D. pattern themselves after parents<br />E. self-concept – a person’s feelings about him or herself<br />1. influenced on how parents and other people treat and regard child<br />2. positve – babies valued and cared for<br />3. negative – babies belittled or negatively compared to other kids<br />
  18. 18. A. Common personality traits<br />A. the sensitive child<br />1. unusually aware of his or her surroundings and of any new changes in those surroundings<br />2. fussy and irritable as baby<br />3. need more than average amount of love and tenderness<br />4. easily startled and frightened<br />5. be patient and understanding when trying new things as they will be fearful<br />
  19. 19. B. the placid child<br />1. remarkably easygoing and accepting of his/her surroundings<br />2. easiest personality type to live with<br />3. less easily upset with changes in schedule and surroundings<br />4. cheerful and patient when older<br />5. or simply quiet and willing<br />6. adjust to new people and new situations<br />7. make friends readily and seem to handle life with a minimum amount of fuss<br />8. sometimes can be forgotten bc they are so easygoing<br />9. parents need to remember they need just as much attention<br />
  20. 20. C. the aggressive child<br />1. usually strong-willed and determined<br />2. responses are extreme<br />3. eat more heartily, cry more loudly, kick more strenuously<br />4. love activity, enjoy trying new things<br />5. less concerned with failure – try again<br />6. likely to express anger when frustrated or don’t get their way<br />7. try to help child express feelings with less extreme behavior<br />8. need love, praise, and attention immediately<br />9. need help in becoming aware of feelings and interests of other people<br />
  21. 21. Assignment<br />What personality type are you and WHY?<br />Pg. 285 (1-7)<br />Pg. 288 (1-12)<br />