Results of exploration
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Results of exploration

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Results of exploration Results of exploration Presentation Transcript

  • RESULTS OF EXPLORATION
    The good, the bad, and the ugly.
  • Widespread Epidemics
    Epidemics
    The Spanish brought small pox, measles, and influenza
    Conquistadors purposely gave infected blankets as gifts as a way to kill off the Native Americans—biological warfare
    Native American died in mass number due to little immunity
    Population of Indians in Hispaniola
    *1492—250,000
    *1512—60,000 remained
    *1562—500 left
  • THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
    Global exchange of people, plants, animals ideas and technologybetween Europe and the Americas
    From Americas to Europe—corn, potato, beans, pineapple, cocoa, tobacco, peanuts, and tomatoes
    From Europe to the Americas—wheat, sugar, bananas, horses, pigs,cattle, chicken, sheep, small pox, typhus, and measles.
  • Exchange of Goods
  • IMPACT OF NEW PRODUCTS
    The goods brought to the America s and to Europe changed the course of history. The potato revolutionized Europe by providing a reliable, starchy food. It increased the population of Europe.
  • THE TRIANGLE TRADE
    Europe shipped cotton goods, weapons, and liquor to Africa
    African slaves were shipped to Americas
    Plantation products of tobacco, cotton, and sugar shipped to Europe
  • THE SLAVE TRADE
    Middle Passage
    slave voyage from Africa to the Americas
    millions died on the journey
    Effects of the Slave Trade
    ended in the 1800s
    11 million Africans were sent to the Americas
    undermined the political structure in Africa
  • AFRICAN SLAVE SHIP
    Humans were packed like sardines trying to fit as many people in as possible. Slaves were kept in the bottom of the ship, chained to one another over the long journey.
  • The Brutality of Slavery
    "The voyage, the horrors of which are beyond description. For example, the mode of packing. The hold of a slave vessel is from two to four feet high. It is filled with as many human beings as it will contain. They are made to sit down with their heads between their knees: first, a line is placed close to the side of the vessel; then another line, and then the packer, armed with a heavy club, strikes at the feet of this last line in order to make them press as closely as possible against those behind... Thus it is suffocating for want of air, starving for want of food, parched with thirst for want of water, these poor creatures are compelled to perform a voyage of fourteen hundred miles. No wonder the mortality is dreadful!"
  • EXPLORATIONA TURNING POINT IN HISTORY
    Mercantilism and Capitalism
    European capitalism—investment of money to make a profit wasbecoming more popular
    Mercantilism—building up national wealth by exporting more goods than the nation exports.
    a. based on the idea that the world had a fixed amount of wealth, in order for a nation to gain more, it had to take from another nation.
    b. colonies served two purposes to the mother nation: 1. a place to take raw materials from 2. forced colonies to but only their goods.
    England, France, Portugal and Spain gained massive amount of wealth. This strengthened their regions and led to the development of modern day nations. As Monarchies grew stronger in Europe, the power of the Church continued to decline.