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4th grading review class social studies


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4th grading review class social studies

  1. 1. 4th Grading Review ClassWorld History – Social III Prepared by: Mr. Kenno Jan M. Caballero
  2. 2. Parts of the Review1. Key Terms / Concepts2. Important People3. Significant Things4. Analysis Coverage of the Long Test• Renaissance• Protestant Reformation and Counter- Reformation• Age of Exploration (European Colonial Empire)• Industrial Revolution• World War I
  3. 3. Definition of Key Terms and Key Concepts – Necessary for AnalysisKEY TERMS / KEY CONCEPTS
  4. 4. Protestant Reformation and Counter - Reformation• Indulgence – a payment made to the Church for the salvation of the soul in purgatory• Great Schism – A period where there existed to rival popes (one in Rome and one in France)• Predestination – a doctrine championed by John Calvin which tells that people who would be saved by God were already predestined by God• Augsburg Confession – the creed of the Lutheran Church
  5. 5. • Act of Supremacy – by King Henry VIII, an act making the King of England as the head of the Church of England• 39 article – the creed of the Anglican Church• Inquisition – a council which aims to put to trial and punishment heresy• Index – a list of books which Roman Catholics are not allowed to read• Society of Jesus – by St. Ignatius de Loyola, an organization which aims to win back Catholics from the Protestants
  6. 6. Age of Exploration• Treaty of Tordesillas – A papal bull which divides the World into two between Spain(West) and Portugal(East)• Mercantilism – An economic doctrine which asserts that the basis of the greatness of a nation would be the amount of gold and silver that its possess• Commercial Revolution – “Commerce” An expansion of foreign trade
  7. 7. Industrial Revolution• Industrial Revolution – a non-violent change in the way of life of humans which transforms the economic and technological aspects of society; the replacement of human labor by machines• Domestic/Cottage Industries - a method of production in which raw materials are distributed to employees who work at home to produce goods• Factory system – a method of production in which workers are brought together to produce goods by machines in factories
  8. 8. • Bessemer process - removal of impurities from iron to make it harder• Macadamization – new way of building roads• Capitalism – the economic system that is based on a free market and open competition• Laissez faire – No government intervention in business• Communism – A politico-economic system where the means of production would be held in common and everyone’s needs would be met
  9. 9. World War I• Imperialism – extending of a nation’s power through the conquest of other land for economic and political advantages• Jingoism/Chauvinism – extreme nationalism which looks down to other as “inferior”• Militarism – a principle of placing the military in the top priority of a country building up powerful armies and great navies
  10. 10. • Triple Alliance – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy• Triple Entente – Britain, France, Russia• Black Hand – A Serbian Secret Group which aims to liberate Serbian lands from the hands of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire• Trench Warfare – Method of war which builds up defensive positions to protect territories gained• Ace – A title given to a pilot who downed 5 enemy aircrafts being witnessed by three people• Kaiser – German Emperor• Czar – Russian Emperor
  11. 11. • Zimmerman note/code• Fourteen Points – plans for peace by Pres. Wilson• Armistice – a halt to fighting; 11th month of the 11th day of the 11th hour all fighting will cease.• Treaty of Versailles – aims to made Germany pay for the war by crippling them
  12. 12. People who made a differenceIMPORTANT PEOPLE
  13. 13. • Martin Luther – “Father of the Protestant Reformation; translated the Bible into German; 95 Theses• Johann Gutenburg – Inventor of the Printing Press• John Wycliffe – Translated the Bible to English• Desiderius Erasmus – wrote the “In Praise of Folly:• Philip Melanchton – Augsburg Confessions
  14. 14. • John Calvin – Calvinism; Predestination• John Knox – Presbyterianism-Scotland• King Henry VIII – “Defender of the Faith”; Act of Supremacy• Council of Trent• St. Ignatius de Loyola – Founder of the Society of Jesus• Francis Xavier – Apostle to the Indies
  15. 15. • Amerigo Vespucci – New World• Christopher Columbus – discovers America• Elizabeth I – “Mistress of the Seas”• Hernando Cortez – conquered Mexico• Ferdinand Magellan – discovered the Philippines• Miguel Lopez de Legaspi – conquered the Philippines• Henry Ford – Assembly line• Daimler Gottlieb – Internal Combustion engine• Rudolf Diesel – Diesel engine• Wright Brothers – Airplane• Alexander Graham Bell – Telephone• Samuel Morse – Telegraph• Henry Bessemer – Bessemer Process• John Mc Adam - Macadamization
  16. 16. • George Stephenson – Steam locomotive (Rocket)• Robert Fulton – Steamship (Clermont)• Karl Marx – “Communist Manifesto”; Father of Communism• Adam Smith – “Wealth of Nations”; Father of Modern Economics – Capitalism• Archduke Francis Ferdinand – Heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne• Gavrilo Princip – Assassin of the Black Hand Movement• “Red Baron” – Greatest ace of the Great war• Pres. Woodrow Wilson – 14 points; League of Nations• Vladimir Lenin – Father of Communist Russia• Joseph Stalin – made Russia into a great power
  17. 17. Things to rememberSIGNIFICANT THINGS
  18. 18. • Invention of the Printing Press by Gutenburg• Corruption in the Church – Simony, Indulgence, luxurious life of clergy, unbiblical practices• Posting of the Ninety-five these in Wittenburg by Martin Luther• Salvation by Grace through Faith• Bible as Sole guide for man’s salvation• Excommunication of Martin Luther• Spread Of Protestantism• Catholic Counter-Reformation• Council of Trent• Missionary Achievements• Pioneer of the Exploration – Portugal
  19. 19. • Discovery of a new route by sea to Asia by Portugal• Demarcation set by Rome• Treaty of Tordesillas• Exploration of France, Netherlands, Britain• Imperialism of European countries• Africa as the Dark Continent• Old World – Europe; New World – Americas• Great Britain as pioneer of the Industrial Revolution• Agricultural Revolution – Industrial Revolution• Industrial Revolution starts with the Textile Industry
  20. 20. • Improvement on Manufacturing (Mass Production), Transportation, and Communication• Shift from Domestic to Factory system• Assembly line improves the factory• Shift from Mercantilism to Capitalism• Capitalism vs. Communism• Urbanization• Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand starts World War 1 – the Great War• Great War – “the war to end all wars”• Austria attacks Serbia; Serbia backed by Russia
  21. 21. • Austria-Hungary backed by Germany• Russia backed by France• Germany attacks Belgium; Great Britain joins the War: World War I begins• Stalemate – both side are not winning• Zimmerman code/note• Sinking of the Lusitania• 1917 – withdrawal of Russia from the war• Germany surrenders despite not being defeated• 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month all fighting would cease – Armistice• Treaty of Versailles
  22. 22. • Collapse of Four World Empires – German, Austrian- Hungarian, Ottoman, Russian
  23. 23. ANALYSIS
  24. 24. Protestant Reformation and Counter- Reformation• Causes: Decline of the Papacy, Luxury of the Church, Simony, Immoralities, Certain Church doctrines that are not based form the Bible - Indulgences• Theological Issues: Sola Scriptura, Sola Gratia, Sola Fide• Start of the Reformation: Posting of the 95 Theses
  25. 25. • Difference of Catholics and Protestants• Results of the Reformation:• Destroyed Religious Unity• Rise of different Christian denominations such as Lutherans, Calvinists, Anglicans, etc.• Reforms in the Catholic Church• Religious War• Started a spiritual revivals
  26. 26. Exploration• Motivation/Reason: God, Gold, Glory• Devices: Astrolabe, Portolani, Compass• Henry the “Navigator”• Results: Widening of the knowledge of Geography, Spread of Christianity and European civilization, Wars for Colonial Supremacy, Commercial Revolution, Rise of Mercantilism
  27. 27. Industrial Revolution• Agricultural Revolution• Textile Industries• Transportation• Communication• Industrial Revolution – Mechanization, usage of power, and factory• Pioneer: Great Britain
  28. 28. Positive Effects Negative Effects• Expansion of Industries • Ruining of the Domestic• Increase in Commerce and system trade • Exploitation of people• Growth of population • Decadence of the rural• Rise of Cities communities• Greater comforts and High • Child and woman labor standards of living • Unemployment• Division of labor • Concentration of wealth to• Increase of wealth a few people• Capitalism • Clash among capitalists and workers • Communism
  29. 29. World War I• Causes: Extreme Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, and Rival Alliances• Tripe Alliance – Germany, Austria- Hungary, Italy• Triple Entente – Britain, France, Russia• Central Powers – Germany, Austria- Hungary, Ottoman, Bulgaria, etc.• Allies Powers – Britain, France, Russia, U.S, Japan
  30. 30. • Formation of Alliances• Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand• Austria-Hungary vs. Serbia• Russia aids Serbia• Germany helps Austria-Hungary• France declares war to the Central Powers• Germany attacks Belgium so it could go to France• Britain declares war• Stalemate – Trench warfare• American entry to the war• Armistice• Treaty of Versailles