• The Philippines was not
formally organized as a
Spanish colony until 1565
when Philip II appointed
Miguel Lopez de Legaz...
• Legazpi tried
every effort to
win the trustof
the natives
•Jandulaman
- a widowed niece of Tupas
- first Cebuano convert
- was later named Isabel in honor of Isabel Garces
• Rajah ...
• 1569
Legazpi transferred to Panay due to meager food provisions
in Cebu.
• 1570
Legazpi sent his grandson, Juan de Salce...
• June 3, 1571
Bambalito and his
more than 2,000
fighters fought
Marshal Goiti’s
forces.
• June 24, 1571
Legazpi proclaimed Manila as the capital of the Philippines
and call the city Nueva Castilla.
• Royal Decree of June 1,
1574
King Phillip II named Manila,
Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad (Distiguished
and Ever Loyal Ci...
•The colonial code titled Recopilacion de
leyes de los reynos de las Indias (Compilation
of Laws on Royal Lands in the Ind...
• November 16, 1568
King Philip II issued instructions to Legazpi to establish cities and
towns and create encomiendas to ...
Provincial Administrations
Alcaldia-mayor Corregimientos
Alcalde-mayor corregidores
Towns or
pueblo
gobernadorcillo
Villag...
1. Audiencia Real or Royal Audiencia
It served as an advisory body to the Governor General and had
the power to check and ...
4. Archbishop and Clergy
Were appointed by the Pope upon the recommendation of
the King.
5. Subordinate public officials a...
• Polo or Forced Labor
Was instituted in 1580 and was another form of pacifying the
natives.
• Polista or worker
He has to...
• Bandala
In the first half of the 17th century, Governor
Sebastian Hurtado de Corcuera begins collecting the
bandala from...
Spanish conquest of the islands
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Spanish conquest of the islands

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Spanish conquest of the islands

  1. 1. • The Philippines was not formally organized as a Spanish colony until 1565 when Philip II appointed Miguel Lopez de Legazpi the first Governor- General.
  2. 2. • Legazpi tried every effort to win the trustof the natives
  3. 3. •Jandulaman - a widowed niece of Tupas - first Cebuano convert - was later named Isabel in honor of Isabel Garces • Rajah Tupas - was named Felipe in honor of Philip II • Pinsuncan - Tupas’ son - was named Carlos
  4. 4. • 1569 Legazpi transferred to Panay due to meager food provisions in Cebu. • 1570 Legazpi sent his grandson, Juan de Salcedo to Mindoro to punish the Moro pirates who plundered upon Panay’s villages. • May 8, 1570 Marshal Martin de Goiti and his men left Panay. •May 19,1571 Legazpi took possession of Maynilad in the name of King Philip II of Spain.
  5. 5. • June 3, 1571 Bambalito and his more than 2,000 fighters fought Marshal Goiti’s forces.
  6. 6. • June 24, 1571 Legazpi proclaimed Manila as the capital of the Philippines and call the city Nueva Castilla.
  7. 7. • Royal Decree of June 1, 1574 King Phillip II named Manila, Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad (Distiguished and Ever Loyal City) • Royal Decree of March 20, 1596 King Philip II conferred a beautiful coat-of-arms on the city
  8. 8. •The colonial code titled Recopilacion de leyes de los reynos de las Indias (Compilation of Laws on Royal Lands in the Indies) popularly known as Leyes de Indies (Laws of the Indies) issued in 1680, was used by Spain to rule its extensive possessions.
  9. 9. • November 16, 1568 King Philip II issued instructions to Legazpi to establish cities and towns and create encomiendas to be distributed to deserving soldiers. • The word encomienda comes from the Spanish word encomendar meaning “ to commend or to commit to one’s care” • Encomienda is a garnt of inhabitants living in a particular conquered territory which Spain gave to Spanish colonizer as a reward for his services.
  10. 10. Provincial Administrations Alcaldia-mayor Corregimientos Alcalde-mayor corregidores Towns or pueblo gobernadorcillo Villages or barangays Cabezas de barangay
  11. 11. 1. Audiencia Real or Royal Audiencia It served as an advisory body to the Governor General and had the power to check and report on his abuses. The Audiencia also audited the expenditures of the colonial government and sent a yearly report to Spain. 2. Residencia A judicial inritution headed by the incoming governor general to conduct a trial of an outgoing governor general and other Spanish official for the purpose of punishing those guilty of corruption. 3. Visitador-general •The investigator sent by the King or an official dispatched by the Council of Indies in Spain to check the behavior of the high officials in the colony.
  12. 12. 4. Archbishop and Clergy Were appointed by the Pope upon the recommendation of the King. 5. Subordinate public officials and Influential private citizens
  13. 13. • Polo or Forced Labor Was instituted in 1580 and was another form of pacifying the natives. • Polista or worker He has to work 40 days a year in the labor pool.
  14. 14. • Bandala In the first half of the 17th century, Governor Sebastian Hurtado de Corcuera begins collecting the bandala from the natives. Bandala is an annual quota of products assigned to the natives for compulsory sale to the government.
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