• The Philippines was not
formally organized as a
Spanish colony until 1565
when Philip II appointed
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi
the first Governor-
• Legazpi tried
every effort to
win the trustof
- a widowed niece of Tupas
- first Cebuano convert
- was later named Isabel in honor of Isabel Garces
• Rajah Tupas
- was named Felipe in honor of Philip II
- Tupas’ son
- was named Carlos
Legazpi transferred to Panay due to meager food provisions
Legazpi sent his grandson, Juan de Salcedo to Mindoro to
punish the Moro pirates who plundered upon Panay’s villages.
• May 8, 1570
Marshal Martin de Goiti and his men left Panay.
Legazpi took possession of Maynilad in the name of King
Philip II of Spain.
• June 3, 1571
Bambalito and his
more than 2,000
• June 24, 1571
Legazpi proclaimed Manila as the capital of the Philippines
and call the city Nueva Castilla.
• Royal Decree of June 1,
King Phillip II named Manila,
Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad (Distiguished
and Ever Loyal City)
• Royal Decree of March
King Philip II conferred a
beautiful coat-of-arms on the city
•The colonial code titled Recopilacion de
leyes de los reynos de las Indias (Compilation
of Laws on Royal Lands in the Indies)
popularly known as Leyes de Indies (Laws of
the Indies) issued in 1680, was used by Spain
to rule its extensive possessions.
• November 16, 1568
King Philip II issued instructions to Legazpi to establish cities and
towns and create encomiendas to be distributed to deserving soldiers.
• The word encomienda comes from the
Spanish word encomendar meaning “ to
commend or to commit to one’s care”
• Encomienda is a garnt of inhabitants
living in a particular conquered territory
which Spain gave to Spanish colonizer as
a reward for his services.
1. Audiencia Real or Royal Audiencia
It served as an advisory body to the Governor General and had
the power to check and report on his abuses. The Audiencia also audited
the expenditures of the colonial government and sent a yearly report to
A judicial inritution headed by the incoming governor general to
conduct a trial of an outgoing governor general and other Spanish official
for the purpose of punishing those guilty of corruption.
•The investigator sent by the King or an official dispatched by the
Council of Indies in Spain to check the behavior of the high officials in
4. Archbishop and Clergy
Were appointed by the Pope upon the recommendation of
5. Subordinate public officials and
Influential private citizens
• Polo or Forced Labor
Was instituted in 1580 and was another form of pacifying the
• Polista or worker
He has to work 40 days a year in the labor pool.
In the first half of the 17th century, Governor
Sebastian Hurtado de Corcuera begins collecting the
bandala from the natives. Bandala is an annual
quota of products assigned to the natives for
compulsory sale to the government.
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