0
McGraw-Hill
14
Documenting a Research Paper
12-212-2
McGraw-Hill
Learning Outcomes
• Avoiding plagiarism
• Determining when to cite or not cite a
source
• Applying th...
12-312-3
McGraw-Hill
Avoiding Plagiarism (LO 14.1)
There are four definitions for plagiarize:
1. To steal and pass off (th...
12-412-4
McGraw-Hill
Avoiding Plagiarism (LO 14.1)
Unless you are reporting a commonly
known fact or your own original ide...
12-512-5
McGraw-Hill
Determining When to Cite or
Not Cite a Source (LO 14.2)
What Doesn’t Need to Be Cited:
• Common knowl...
12-612-6
McGraw-Hill
Avoiding Plagiarism (contd.)
What Needs to Be Cited:
• Direct quotes
• Facts that aren’t common knowl...
12-712-7
McGraw-Hill
Avoiding Plagiarism (contd.)
If you are not sure whether you
need to cite an idea, be cautious
and do...
12-812-8
McGraw-Hill
MLA Format (LO 14.3)
• Used by many English and humanities
courses.
• Information about the MLA forma...
12-912-9
McGraw-Hill
MLA Format (contd.)
In-Text Citations
• Also known as a parenthetical citation
• Include the author’s...
12-1012-10
McGraw-Hill
MLA Format (contd.)
Works Cited Page
• Must be included at the end of
the paper to fully document a...
12-1112-11
McGraw-Hill
MLA Format (contd.)
Sample MLA Book Citation:
Author’s Last Name, First Name and Middle
Name or Ini...
12-1212-12
McGraw-Hill
MLA Format (contd.)
Sample MLA Printed Periodical Citation:
Author’s Last Name, First Name and Midd...
12-1312-13
McGraw-Hill
MLA Format (contd.)
Sample MLA Electronic Citation:
Author’s Last Name, First Name and Middle
Name ...
12-1412-14
McGraw-Hill
MLA Format (contd.)
Works Cited – Other Sources
• Each type of source has its own
unique format.
• ...
12-1512-15
McGraw-Hill
APA Format (LO 14.4)
Writing about an image
• Generally used for courses in the behavioral
sciences...
12-1612-16
McGraw-Hill
APA Format (contd.)
In-Text Citations
• Also known as a parenthetical citation
• Include the author...
12-1712-17
McGraw-Hill
APA Format (contd.)
In-Text Citations (contd.)
• Use the title of the work if there
is no author.
•...
12-1812-18
McGraw-Hill
APA Format (contd.)
Reference Page
• Must be included at the end of the paper to
fully document any...
12-1912-19
McGraw-Hill
APA Format (contd.)
Sample APA Book Citation:
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle
Initial. (Y...
12-2012-20
McGraw-Hill
APA Format (contd.)
Sample APA Printed Periodical Citation:
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Midd...
12-2112-21
McGraw-Hill
APA Format (contd.)
Sample APA Electronic Source Citation:
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middl...
12-2212-22
McGraw-Hill
APA Format (contd.)
References – Other Sources
• Each type of source has its own
unique format.
• B...
12-2312-23
McGraw-Hill
Writer’s Checklist for a
Research Paper
 1. Does my introduction clearly state my
thesis and give ...
12-2412-24
McGraw-Hill
Writer’s Checklist for a
Research Paper (contd.)
 4. Have I used a sufficient number and variety
o...
12-2512-25
McGraw-Hill
Writer’s Checklist for a
Research Paper (contd.)
 7. Have I carefully proofread and revised my
pap...
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Transcript of "Russell writenow ch14_1 power point"

  1. 1. McGraw-Hill 14 Documenting a Research Paper
  2. 2. 12-212-2 McGraw-Hill Learning Outcomes • Avoiding plagiarism • Determining when to cite or not cite a source • Applying the MLA format for in-text citations and a works cited page • Applying the APA format for in-text citations and a reference page
  3. 3. 12-312-3 McGraw-Hill Avoiding Plagiarism (LO 14.1) There are four definitions for plagiarize: 1. To steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own 2. To use (another’s production) without crediting the source 3. To commit literary theft 4. To present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
  4. 4. 12-412-4 McGraw-Hill Avoiding Plagiarism (LO 14.1) Unless you are reporting a commonly known fact or your own original idea, you must document every source incorporated into your essay.
  5. 5. 12-512-5 McGraw-Hill Determining When to Cite or Not Cite a Source (LO 14.2) What Doesn’t Need to Be Cited: • Common knowledge • Your original research • Personal experience
  6. 6. 12-612-6 McGraw-Hill Avoiding Plagiarism (contd.) What Needs to Be Cited: • Direct quotes • Facts that aren’t common knowledge • Opinions • Statistics • Original ideas (not your own) • Studies and experiments
  7. 7. 12-712-7 McGraw-Hill Avoiding Plagiarism (contd.) If you are not sure whether you need to cite an idea, be cautious and document the source. You are better off over-citing than under-citing.
  8. 8. 12-812-8 McGraw-Hill MLA Format (LO 14.3) • Used by many English and humanities courses. • Information about the MLA format can be found at www.mla.org • Sources must be cited in-text as well as on a works cited page at the end of the paper.
  9. 9. 12-912-9 McGraw-Hill MLA Format (contd.) In-Text Citations • Also known as a parenthetical citation • Include the author’s last name and page number. • Use the title of the work if there is no author. • Vary the way in which you introduce sources in your paper.
  10. 10. 12-1012-10 McGraw-Hill MLA Format (contd.) Works Cited Page • Must be included at the end of the paper to fully document all sources. • Alphabetize entries according to authors’ last names. • If there is no author, begin with the title (ignoring words such as a and the).
  11. 11. 12-1112-11 McGraw-Hill MLA Format (contd.) Sample MLA Book Citation: Author’s Last Name, First Name and Middle Name or Initial. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Publication Medium.
  12. 12. 12-1212-12 McGraw-Hill MLA Format (contd.) Sample MLA Printed Periodical Citation: Author’s Last Name, First Name and Middle Name or Initial. “Title of Article.” Name of Periodical Volume. Issue (Date): Page(s). Medium.
  13. 13. 12-1312-13 McGraw-Hill MLA Format (contd.) Sample MLA Electronic Citation: Author’s Last Name, First Name and Middle Name or Initial. “Title.” Web Site. Publisher or Sponsor, Date of Publication. Medium. Access Date.
  14. 14. 12-1412-14 McGraw-Hill MLA Format (contd.) Works Cited – Other Sources • Each type of source has its own unique format. • Be sure to provide enough information so readers can find the source on their own.
  15. 15. 12-1512-15 McGraw-Hill APA Format (LO 14.4) Writing about an image • Generally used for courses in the behavioral sciences. • Information about the APA format can be found at www.apa.org. • Sources must be cited in-text as well as on a reference page at the end of the paper.
  16. 16. 12-1612-16 McGraw-Hill APA Format (contd.) In-Text Citations • Also known as a parenthetical citation • Include the author’s last name, immediately followed by the date. • When using a direct quote, also include the page number.
  17. 17. 12-1712-17 McGraw-Hill APA Format (contd.) In-Text Citations (contd.) • Use the title of the work if there is no author. • Vary the way in which you introduce sources in your paper.
  18. 18. 12-1812-18 McGraw-Hill APA Format (contd.) Reference Page • Must be included at the end of the paper to fully document any sources cited. • Alphabetize entries according to authors’ last names. • If there is no author, begin with the title (ignoring words such as a and the when alphabetizing).
  19. 19. 12-1912-19 McGraw-Hill APA Format (contd.) Sample APA Book Citation: Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year of Publication). Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher.
  20. 20. 12-2012-20 McGraw-Hill APA Format (contd.) Sample APA Printed Periodical Citation: Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Date of Publication). Title of article. Name of Periodical, Volume(Issue), Page(s).
  21. 21. 12-2112-21 McGraw-Hill APA Format (contd.) Sample APA Electronic Source Citation: Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Date of Publication). Title of article. DOI or URL.
  22. 22. 12-2212-22 McGraw-Hill APA Format (contd.) References – Other Sources • Each type of source has its own unique format. • Be sure to provide enough information so readers can find the source on their own.
  23. 23. 12-2312-23 McGraw-Hill Writer’s Checklist for a Research Paper  1. Does my introduction clearly state my thesis and give the reader an indication of the direction my essay will take? 2. Are my topic sentences and body paragraphs clear and well developed? 3. Have I fully supported my thesis with ample details and examples?
  24. 24. 12-2412-24 McGraw-Hill Writer’s Checklist for a Research Paper (contd.)  4. Have I used a sufficient number and variety of sources in my paper? 5. Are all of my sources properly cited in the body of my paper according to the MLA or APA format? 6. Does my conclusion effectively summarize my main points and restate my thesis in different words?
  25. 25. 12-2512-25 McGraw-Hill Writer’s Checklist for a Research Paper (contd.)  7. Have I carefully proofread and revised my paper for sentence variety, word choice, grammar, and punctuation? 8. Does my works cited or references page include very source I cited in the text, and is it in the correct format? 9. Have I used the correct margins, line spacing, and other format issues required by the MLA or APA guidelines and my instructor?
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