Preventing Plagiarism
and Using APA Format
John D. Moore, PhD
What is plagiarism?
 Using other people’s ideas or research
without giving them credit
 Theft of intellectual property
...
Examples of plagiarism
 Copying or paraphrasing from a source without crediting
the author
 Using another person’s words...
Common Ways to Use Information from
a Source
 Quoting -- Direct quotes from a source
 Paraphrasing – Summarizing or
rewo...
To avoid plagiarism …
Credit (cite) all your sources
–In the text
–In the reference list or
bibliography
Some style formats
 MLA – for language and literature
 CBE – for biology/life sciences
 Chicago – for history
 Turabia...
APA Style to Utilize: 6th ed.
 Publication Manual of the American
Psychological Association (6th edition)
 Concise Rules...
What to cite in your paper
 According to APA:
– cite the work of those individuals whose
ideas, theories, or research hav...
APA In-text citation format
 Author-date system
 Give last name of the author and date of
publication for every source
...
Example: Exact quote
 Zuckerman (2006) has shown that the
value of a college degree has increased
dramatically in the pas...
Example: Paraphrase
 The value of a college degree has
increased dramatically in the past
century. The difference in inco...
Example: Quote, no author or page
numbers
 A study conducted at Florida International
University found that ―the present ...
Example: Personal interview
 Tax specialist J. Lasky emphasized the
importance of continuing professional
education for t...
The reference list
 Includes all sources used in the text of
the paper except personal
communications
 Arranged alphabet...
In-text to Reference list
correspondence
 Text:
– …and almost all American CEOs now have
college degrees (Zuckerman, 2006...
Typical information for citations
 Author(s)
 Date of publication
 Title of the work you are citing
 If you are citing...
Points to remember
 Authors – always list by last name and initials,
not full name. If the source has multiple
authors (u...
Example: Books
 Standard form:
 Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of
work: Capital letter also for subtitle.
Lo...
Example: E-books
 Standard format:
 Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work:
Capital letter also for subtitle...
Example: Scholarly Articles
 Standard format:
 Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C.
C. (Year). Title of article. T...
Example: Daily or weekly
publication
 Standard format:
 Author, A. A. (Year, month day). Title of
article. Title of peri...
Example: Internet periodical
 Standard format:
 Author, A. A. (Date). Title of article. Title of
periodical, volume, pag...
Example: Article with no author
given
 Standard format:
 Title of article. (Date). Title of
periodical, volume, pages.
...
Example: Page from website
 Standard format:
 Page title. (Date). Website title.
Retrieved from URL
 Example:
 History...
Example: Web page, organization as
author
 Standard format:
 Name of organization. (Date). Web
document title. Retrieved...
Parts of the APA-style paper
 Title page
 Abstract
 Body of the paper
 Reference list
 Tables
 Appendices
Some specifics – Running head
 Running head – a shortened version of
the title
 Appears on each page, with page
number
...
Some specifics - References
 Placed at end of paper
 Headed References
 Entries arranged alphabetically by
author (or b...
Some specifics - Headings
Level 1: Centered, Boldface, Uppercase
and Lowercase Heading
Level 2: Flush Left, Boldface, Uppe...
Some specifics – writing style
 Logical organization
 Correct grammar
 Smooth transitions
 Interesting tone
 Concise ...
For more information, details,
rules and examples
 Concise Rules of APA Style
 Publication Manual of the APA
Hi! Want to learn more
tips for college? Click
on the link below
www.onlinecollegestar.com
John D. Moore, PhD
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Avoiding plagiarism

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Avoid plagiarism by learning how to properly cite the work of others within the body of your paper and on the reference page. This brief slide presentation walks readers through the basics of avoiding plagiarism in college writing and helps with plagiarism prevention. A must for all college students and faculty!

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Avoiding plagiarism

  1. 1. Preventing Plagiarism and Using APA Format John D. Moore, PhD
  2. 2. What is plagiarism?  Using other people’s ideas or research without giving them credit  Theft of intellectual property  Cheating – using someone else’s work  Consequences can be detrimental!
  3. 3. Examples of plagiarism  Copying or paraphrasing from a source without crediting the author  Using another person’s words or ideas as if they were your own  Copying another student’s work  Quoting from another person without indicating that it is a quotation  Summarizing information from another source without indicating where it came from  ―Cutting and pasting‖ from an online source or the Internet without citing the source  Copying an image from the Internet and inserting it in a presentation without giving the source  Handing in a paper to one class that you wrote and handed in for an earlier class
  4. 4. Common Ways to Use Information from a Source  Quoting -- Direct quotes from a source  Paraphrasing – Summarizing or rewording information from a source  Borrowing – Using ideas, concepts, organizational patterns, themes, motifs, etc.
  5. 5. To avoid plagiarism … Credit (cite) all your sources –In the text –In the reference list or bibliography
  6. 6. Some style formats  MLA – for language and literature  CBE – for biology/life sciences  Chicago – for history  Turabian – for history and humanities  APA – for behavior sciences  Bluebook – for law
  7. 7. APA Style to Utilize: 6th ed.  Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition)  Concise Rules of APA Style (6th edition)  Note: 6th edition was published in July 2009; check with your other professors to verify which edition they want you to use
  8. 8. What to cite in your paper  According to APA: – cite the work of those individuals whose ideas, theories, or research have directly influenced your work. They may provide key background information, support or dispute your thesis, or offer critical definitions and data. … In addition to crediting the ideas of others that you used to build your thesis, provide documentation for all facts and figures that are not common knowledge. (APA, 2009, p. 171)
  9. 9. APA In-text citation format  Author-date system  Give last name of the author and date of publication for every source  Include page numbers or paragraph numbers for exact quotes
  10. 10. Example: Exact quote  Zuckerman (2006) has shown that the value of a college degree has increased dramatically in the past century. ―The income gap between college graduates and those without university degrees doubled between 1979 and 1997. In the 1930s and 1940s, only half of all American chief executives had college degrees. Now virtually all do‖ (p. 71).
  11. 11. Example: Paraphrase  The value of a college degree has increased dramatically in the past century. The difference in income between people with college degrees and those without has doubled since 1980, and almost all American CEOs now have college degrees (Zuckerman, 2006).
  12. 12. Example: Quote, no author or page numbers  A study conducted at Florida International University found that ―the present value of future after-tax earnings plus fringe benefits for the average high school graduate comes in at almost $1 million. For the average college graduate, the value of earnings plus benefits—less the cost of tuition and the loss of four years of earnings while attending college—doubles to approximately $2 million‖ (―New study,‖ 2007, para. 10).
  13. 13. Example: Personal interview  Tax specialist J. Lasky emphasized the importance of continuing professional education for tax accountants (personal communication, July 15, 2007).
  14. 14. The reference list  Includes all sources used in the text of the paper except personal communications  Arranged alphabetically by author’s last name or title of work (if no author given)
  15. 15. In-text to Reference list correspondence  Text: – …and almost all American CEOs now have college degrees (Zuckerman, 2006).  Reference list: – Zuckerman, M. (2006, June 12). Rich man, poor man. U.S. News & World Report, 71- 72.
  16. 16. Typical information for citations  Author(s)  Date of publication  Title of the work you are citing  If you are citing something that appeared in a larger work (like a chapter or article), the title of the larger work  For an article, the volume (and issue) of the magazine or journal  For a book, the publisher and place of publication  For an edited book, the name of the editor  For an article or book chapter, the page numbers  For an Internet source, the URL
  17. 17. Points to remember  Authors – always list by last name and initials, not full name. If the source has multiple authors (up to six), list all of them.  Capitalization – article, chapter, or book titles: capitalize only the first word of the title, first word of the subtitle, and any proper nouns or adjectives are capitalized. Journal titles: capitalize all important words.  Double-space and use hanging indent
  18. 18. Example: Books  Standard form:  Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.  Example:  Scott, D.M. (2005). Cashing in with content: How innovative marketers use digital information to turn browsers into buyers. Medford, NJ: Information Today/CyberAge Books.
  19. 19. Example: E-books  Standard format:  Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher. Retrieved from URL  Example:  Robert, M., & Racine, B. (2001). E-strategy pure and simple: Connecting your internet strategy to your business strategy. New York: McGraw-Hill. Retrieved from http://www.netlibrary.com
  20. 20. Example: Scholarly Articles  Standard format:  Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.  Example:  Howell, R.A. (2004). Turn your budgeting process upside down. Harvard Business Review, 82(7/8): 21-22.
  21. 21. Example: Daily or weekly publication  Standard format:  Author, A. A. (Year, month day). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume, pages.  Example:  Williamson, E., Farnam, T.W., & Mullins, B. (2009, July 1). Finance lobby cut spending as feds targeted Wall Street. Wall Street Journal (Eastern ed.), pp. A1, A10.
  22. 22. Example: Internet periodical  Standard format:  Author, A. A. (Date). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume, pages. Retrieved from URL  Example:  El-Erian, M.A. (2009, May 21). Life after the financial crisis. BusinessWeek. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/cont ent/09_22/b4133073646280.htm
  23. 23. Example: Article with no author given  Standard format:  Title of article. (Date). Title of periodical, volume, pages.  Example:  Study looks at trends in online banking. (2009, February 13). Credit Union Journal, 13(7):18.
  24. 24. Example: Page from website  Standard format:  Page title. (Date). Website title. Retrieved from URL  Example:  History. (2009). John Deere company information. Retrieved from http://www.deere.com/en_US/compinfo/ history/index.html
  25. 25. Example: Web page, organization as author  Standard format:  Name of organization. (Date). Web document title. Retrieved from URL  Example:  U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. (2009, April). Background note: Belize. Retrieved from http://www.state.gov/ r/pa/ei/bgn/1955.htm
  26. 26. Parts of the APA-style paper  Title page  Abstract  Body of the paper  Reference list  Tables  Appendices
  27. 27. Some specifics – Running head  Running head – a shortened version of the title  Appears on each page, with page number  Starts on title page (page 1)
  28. 28. Some specifics - References  Placed at end of paper  Headed References  Entries arranged alphabetically by author (or by title, if no author is given)  When you have several items by the same author, arrange these (1) alphabetically and (2) chronologically  Use hanging indent
  29. 29. Some specifics - Headings Level 1: Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Level 2: Flush Left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Level 3: Indented, boldface, lowercase, heading ending with a period. Level 4: Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading ending with a period. Level 5: Indented, italicized, lowercase heading ending with a period.
  30. 30. Some specifics – writing style  Logical organization  Correct grammar  Smooth transitions  Interesting tone  Concise language  Precise word choice  Third person  Bias-free language
  31. 31. For more information, details, rules and examples  Concise Rules of APA Style  Publication Manual of the APA
  32. 32. Hi! Want to learn more tips for college? Click on the link below www.onlinecollegestar.com John D. Moore, PhD

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