Russell writenow ch09 power point


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Russell writenow ch09 power point

  1. 1. McGraw-Hill 9Analyzing Causes and Effects: Health and Medicine
  2. 2. 9-29-2 McGraw-Hill Learning Outcomes • Identify real world applications for explaining causes and effects. • Understand the steps for writing cause and effect analyses. • Interpret images and readings about health and medicine.
  3. 3. 9-39-3 McGraw-Hill Learning Outcomes (contd.) • Analyze the rhetorical situation for explaining causes and effects. • Apply the steps for writing a cause and effect essay.
  4. 4. 9-49-4 McGraw-Hill Real World Applications (LO 9.1) School • You may need to explain the cause(s) of a certain illness. • You may need to describe the effects of a specific war for a history course.
  5. 5. 9-59-5 McGraw-Hill Real World Applications (contd.) Daily Life • You may need to determine the effects of changing your career. • You may need to determine the cause(s) of issues in a personal relationship.
  6. 6. 9-69-6 McGraw-Hill Real World Applications (contd.) Career • You may need to identify causes of decreased employee productivity at work. • You may need to investigate the effects of a new software system.
  7. 7. 9-79-7 McGraw-Hill Steps for Writing Compare & Contrast Essays (LO 9.2) • Begin by identifying the cause or effect you want to analyze. • Explain the cause-and-effect relationship convincingly. • Organize the causes and/or effects effectively. • Use sound logic. • Conclude effectively.
  8. 8. 9-89-8 McGraw-Hill Health and Medicine (LO 9.3) Writing about an image • Write a cause and effect essay that relates to an image in the chapter. • You may write about the image itself or about something the image reminds you of.
  9. 9. 9-99-9 McGraw-Hill Health and Medicine (contd.) Media connection for explaining causes and effects • Watch, read, or listen to suggested media to discover additional examples of cause/effect analysis. • Exploring various media may help you better understand methods for explaining causes and effects. • Cite all sources.
  10. 10. 9-109-10 McGraw-Hill The Rhetorical Star (LO 9.4) Subject • Select a topic that is narrow enough to cover within the assignment guidelines. • For a shorter paper, you may need to focus on causes OR effects, instead of both.
  11. 11. 9-119-11 McGraw-Hill The Rhetorical Star (contd.) Audience • Determine who your audience will be. • Select the details that will be most important to the audience.
  12. 12. 9-129-12 McGraw-Hill The Rhetorical Star (contd.) Purpose • Determine what you want to accomplish. • Decide if you are informing, persuading, or expressing feelings.
  13. 13. 9-139-13 McGraw-Hill The Rhetorical Star (contd.) Strategy • Focus on the main approach of cause and/or effect. • Combine other strategies if necessary to make your point.
  14. 14. 9-149-14 McGraw-Hill The Rhetorical Star (contd.) Design • Know how you want the essay to look when you are finished. • Decide if graphics, photographs, or illustrations are needed to clarify ideas.
  15. 15. 9-159-15 McGraw-Hill Applying the Writing Process (LO 9.5) Discovering • Use the media suggestions in the chapter to help find a subject. • Consider a subject with which you have personal experience. • Create a chart of causes and effects to determine what you want to cover.
  16. 16. 9-169-16 McGraw-Hill Applying the Writing Process (contd.) Planning • Create a cluster or outline to help you organize your ideas. • Follow one of the organizational strategies for your essay: o The effects of a major cause o The causes for a major effect o A chain of events that illustrate the cause or effect
  17. 17. 9-179-17 McGraw-Hill Applying the Writing Process (contd.) Composing • Write a first draft of your essay. • Don’t focus on grammar and punctuation. • Keep focused on the causes or effects you are trying to explain.
  18. 18. 9-189-18 McGraw-Hill Applying the Writing Process (contd.) Getting Feedback • Have a peer read your draft • Use the peer review questions to gather feedback from your reviewer. • Get a second opinion, if possible.
  19. 19. 9-199-19 McGraw-Hill Applying the Writing Process (contd.) Revising • Revise your essay based upon the feedback you receive. • Make sure your essay is logical and has fully supported ideas. • Add, delete, and rearrange ideas as necessary.
  20. 20. 9-209-20 McGraw-Hill Applying the Writing Process (contd.) Editing • Read your essay one more time. • Look for errors in grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. • Consider reading your essay aloud to listen for word choice and sentence structure.
  21. 21. 9-219-21 McGraw-Hill Applying the Writing Process (contd.) Proofreading • Read your essay at least one more time. • Check for typographical errors or other issues that could interfere with the reader’s understanding of the essay.