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Information Literacy Orientation


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Information Literacy Orientation

  1. 1. Sasha Bishop, Librarian Technical College of the Lowcountry Beaufort Campus 843-525-8236 [email_address] Information Literacy & the Research Process
  2. 2. The Importance of Good Information <ul><li>SITUATION: </li></ul><ul><li>Your brother just made his college football team. You plan to be there for his first game. </li></ul><ul><li>What information do you need? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Facts You Need: <ul><li>Date & time </li></ul><ul><li>City </li></ul><ul><li>Stadium location </li></ul><ul><li>Directions </li></ul><ul><li>Ticket information </li></ul><ul><li>Weather forecast </li></ul>
  4. 4. Possible Sources of Information <ul><li>Your brother </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>Printed game schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Sports fan friend </li></ul><ul><li>College or coach </li></ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Map website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>College webpage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather forecast site </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Are all of these sources of information equally reliable? Are they equally accurate? </li></ul><ul><li>What might go wrong if you get bad information? </li></ul>
  5. 5. What other situations call for good information? <ul><li>School assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Job-hunting </li></ul><ul><li>Work </li></ul><ul><li>Learning a new skill </li></ul><ul><li>Traveling </li></ul><ul><li>Medical decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Finding good information for all of these situations requires INFORMATION LITERACY skills </li></ul>
  6. 6. Information Literacy: <ul><li>The ability to </li></ul><ul><li>FIND, </li></ul><ul><li>EVALUATE, </li></ul><ul><li>and USE </li></ul><ul><li>RELIABLE INFORMATION </li></ul><ul><li>Ethically and Legally </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Research Process <ul><li>Today we will look at Information Literacy and the Research Process. Use these steps to help you organize your ideas and information as you prepare your assignments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1 : IDENTIFY your information need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2: USE BACKGROUND INFORMATION to learn about your subject and develop your topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 3: DEVELOP a research strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 4: FIND and EVALUATE information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 5: WRITE and REVISE your paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 6: DOCUMENT your sources </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Step 1: Determine Your Information Needs <ul><li>What do you need to know about the assignment? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What subjects to cover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How many resources to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a bibliography or works cited page required? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Step 2: Develop a Topic Using Background Information <ul><li>If your topic is not given to you, or if you do not know much about your topic, look at background information on your general subject </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at books and websites to get ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference books, such as encyclopedias, are a good place to find background info </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Once you know a little about your subject, you can come up with a specific topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to make your topic BROAD enough that you will be able to find information on it, but NARROW enough that you will be able to cover it in a paper </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Broad and Narrow Topics <ul><li>Too broad : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A narrower topic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steroid use and sports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Even narrower : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steroid use and Olympic athletes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Probably too narrow : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steroid use and javelin throwers in the 1992 Barcelona Olympics </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Step 3: Develop a Research Strategy <ul><li>Once you decide on a topic, review the list of required sources for your assignment to help you decide where to search for information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you need books? Websites? News articles? Scholarly articles? Multimedia? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Think of KEYWORDS you can use in your search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You will use your keywords to search library catalogs and databases </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Keywords <ul><li>Sample topic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should Olympic athletes be penalized for using steroids? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What keywords could we use for our search? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Olympics, athletes, sports, steroids, doping, drugs, drug abuse, performance-enhancing drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coming up with several keywords is important because one catalog or search engine might find many articles under the word “steroids,” but another might find more under “doping” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Step 4: Find Information <ul><li>Now that we have a topic and keywords, we are ready to begin our search </li></ul><ul><li>In this step, we will find info using LRC resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LRC homepage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Catalog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PASCAL Delivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NetLibrary eBooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases (articles) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Starting Point: The LRC/Library Website <ul><li>On the homepage : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Online Catalog, NetLibrary eBooks, and Databases, accessible 24/7 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Research and citation assistance with LibGuides </li></ul><ul><li>IM a librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Access FAQs </li></ul><ul><li>Take the information literacy tutorial ( TILT ) to improve your research skills </li></ul>
  15. 15. Find info: the LRC Catalog <ul><li>Use the catalog to find books and other materials in our library, as well as ebooks that can be read on your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Search by title, author, subject, or keyword (e.g., “steroids”) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Can’t find a book in the LRC? Use PASCAL Delivers <ul><li>Use PASCAL to order books from other libraries </li></ul><ul><li>This is a free service, and books usually arrive in our LRC within a week </li></ul><ul><li>After you do a search in the LRC catalog, click the PASCAL icon at the side of the screen </li></ul><ul><li>Search for your book </li></ul><ul><li>Click “Request item” </li></ul><ul><li>Select TCL as your school and put in your name and library ID </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Your library ID is the school code (00991000) and your 7-digit TCL ID #, separated by an underscore. If your ID# is only 6 digits, add a 0 after the underscore </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If your TCL ID is 2345678, your library ID is 00991000_2345678 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If your TCL ID is 123456 , your library ID is 00991000_0123456 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Click here if you do not have a TCL ID </li></ul>
  17. 17. Find Information: NetLibrary eBooks <ul><li>Read electronic books on your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Search by title, author, subject, or keyword </li></ul><ul><li>Click “view eBook” to read </li></ul><ul><li>Use the search eContent feature to find a particular word or phrase within the book </li></ul>Off-campus access : enter your name & the TCL ID number located on your TCL ID card. If you do not have a TCL ID, click here
  18. 18. Find Information: Databases <ul><li>Databases let you search many different newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals at one time </li></ul><ul><li>Try using TCL’s databases instead of websites; the information you find through the databases will usually be more reliable </li></ul><ul><li>Select a database from the alphabetical list , or from the subject box </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For English classes, try the “Language and Literature” databases </li></ul></ul>Off-campus access : enter your name & the TCL ID number located on your TCL ID card. If you do not have a TCL ID, click here
  19. 19. Database: Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context <ul><li>Use Opposing Viewpoints to research controversial topics </li></ul><ul><li>A good resource for persuasive essays </li></ul><ul><li>Browse the list of controversial topics, or search by one of your keywords </li></ul>
  20. 20. Database: Points of View Reference Center <ul><li>Points of View is another good resource for information on controversial topics </li></ul><ul><li>Use to find point/counterpoint essays </li></ul><ul><li>Browse lists of subjects, or search by your own subject or keyword </li></ul>
  21. 21. Database: Academic Search Premier <ul><li>Academic Search Premier covers many subject areas </li></ul><ul><li>Search by your keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Use the “Limit your results” option to narrow your results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select “full text” to find only full text articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search Tip: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select “Scholarly/Peer Reviewed Journals” to find information in the most reliable sources. A scholarly or peer-reviewed journal is one that has been reviewed by experts in the field prior to publication. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Search for Information Online <ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search engines are user-friendly and usually return lots of results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information comes from a wide range of cultures and perspectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some online info is very up-to-date </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You often find inaccurate information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You often find irrelevant information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You often get too many search results </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. A WARNING about Online Info <ul><li>Web sites can be created by ANYONE </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike books, web sites can be published very quickly, and are not always edited or checked for accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Not all teachers allow online sources for every assignment; make sure you ask before using webpages as sources </li></ul>
  24. 24. Evaluating Information <ul><li>All sources of information should be evaluated </li></ul><ul><li>When you find a source, ask yourself . . . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How reliable is this source? Who wrote it? Is he/she an expert? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the information given by this source accurate? Can key facts be checked in other reliable sources? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How old is this source? Is it current enough for my paper? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the source cover my topic? </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Evaluating Websites <ul><li>Evaluate websites carefully before using them as sources </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself . . . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who created this website? Who published it? What are their credentials? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the information accurate? Can it be verified in other trustworthy sources? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When was the site updated? Is the information current enough for my assignment? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the site offer complete coverage of my topic? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For more tips on evaluating websites, check out our Evaluating Web Resources LibGuide </li></ul>
  26. 26. STEP 5: Now that you have your sources, you are ready to Write and Revise your paper <ul><li>For help, visit TCL’s tutoring center. Click here for tutoring center hours and locations </li></ul>
  27. 27. STEP 6: Document Your Sources <ul><li>Remember, information literacy means using information ETHICALLY and LEGALLY </li></ul><ul><li>Documenting your sources helps you avoid PLAGIARISM and COPYRIGHT LAW VIOLATION </li></ul>Image: jscreationsz,
  28. 28. Plagiarism and Copyright Law <ul><li>PLAGIARISM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copying someone’s work and pretending it is your own </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using ideas, quotes, or facts that are not yours without showing where you found them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>COPYRIGHT LAW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensures that authors are compensated for their work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be careful when copying: making copies of your textbook for another person’s use is a violation of copyright law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Downloading copyrighted works without permission is a violation of U.S. law and TCL policy. Click here for more information </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Document Your Sources <ul><li>Use citations to show where you found all facts, quotes, and ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For this class, use current MLA style guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you paraphrase part of an author’s work, or put it into your own words, you must still credit the author by citing your source </li></ul><ul><li>When you have questions about plagiarism or copyright law, ask a teacher or librarian </li></ul>
  30. 30. TCL’s Resources for MLA Documentation <ul><li>Handbooks and manuals in the LRC </li></ul><ul><li>LibGuides Page ( ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>View examples of Works Cited page entries for books, articles, websites, and more </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RefWorks (citation manager) </li></ul>
  31. 31. Resource for Documentation: RefWorks <ul><li>Refworks is an online citation manager. Use it to . . . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create citations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send citation info directly from the databases and LRC catalog into your RefWorks account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate Works Cited pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Format in-text citations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To get started </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign up for your free account at RefWorks (make sure to use your TCL email address ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check out our RefWorks LibGuide </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Information Literacy Review <ul><li>Information literacy means . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Finding, </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating, & </li></ul><ul><li>Using Information Legally and Ethically </li></ul><ul><li>It is important for school, work, and any activity or situation you encounter that requires good information </li></ul>
  33. 33. Research process review <ul><li>Let these steps guide you through your assignments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1 : IDENTIFY your information need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2: USE BACKGROUND INFORMATION to learn about your subject and develop your topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 3: DEVELOP a research strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 4: FIND and EVALUATE information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 5: WRITE and REVISE your paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 6: DOCUMENT your sources </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. LRC Resources <ul><li>The LRC has books, DVDs, videos, newspapers, magazines, and reference materials </li></ul><ul><li>Check out the TCL Information Literacy Tutorial (TILT) for more information on the research process and LRC resources </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t find information on a topic? Don’t despair! You can order books from other libraries , read eBooks via NetLibrary , or find articles in the Databases </li></ul>
  35. 35. LRC Resources: Kindle eReaders <ul><li>Beginning Spring, 2011, the LRC will check out Kindle e-Readers to TCL students, faculty, and staff for two weeks at a time. Click here to learn more about Kindles and to put one on hold. </li></ul>
  36. 36. LRC Resources: Ways to Get Help <ul><li>For information on using our resources, check out our LibGuides page </li></ul><ul><li>Visit our Frequently Asked Questions + Answers page </li></ul><ul><li>Text the library: 843-256-2247 </li></ul><ul><li>Send us an instant message via the Meebo window on this page </li></ul><ul><li>For more help, contact the LRC </li></ul>
  37. 37. LRC Hours and Contact Information <ul><li>Beaufort Campus (Building 12, above the Student Center) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mon.-Thurs. 8 am–8 pm, Fri. 8 am– 11:30 am </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call or email: Sasha Bishop, 843-525-8236, [email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New River Campus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LRC open for study/lab use Mon.-Fri. 8 am – 10 pm, Sat. 8am–5pm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff hours Mon. –Thurs. 8:30 am-4:30 pm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call or email: Amy Grimm, 843-470-6003, [email_address] </li></ul></ul>