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Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
Early Human Notes
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Early Human Notes

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Hominid Notes

Hominid Notes

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  • 1. Early Human Notes
  • 2.  
  • 3. Australopithecus <ul><li>Lived from 3.9 to 3 million years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Located in Tanzania (East coast of Africa) </li></ul><ul><li>Brain cavity was 75% smaller than ours </li></ul><ul><li>Average height was around 4 feet tall </li></ul>
  • 4. Australopithecus (con.) <ul><li>Intelligence level is comparable to modern apes </li></ul><ul><li>Bipedalism (walks on two legs) set it apart from other primates which were quadrupeds (walks on four legs) </li></ul><ul><li>Diet consisted of both plants and animals (omnivore) </li></ul>
  • 5. Scientific Classification <ul><li>Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Primates Family: Hominidae Genus: Australopithecus </li></ul><ul><li>Species: (Various) </li></ul><ul><li>A. afarensis (&quot;Lucy&quot;) A. africanus A. anamensis A. bahrelghazali A. garhi </li></ul>
  • 6. Homo Habilis <ul><li>“Handy Man” </li></ul><ul><li>Lived 2.4 to 1.6 million years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Remains found in Tanzania and other east Africa sites </li></ul><ul><li>Brain cavity approximately half the size of modern human </li></ul><ul><li>Average height was around 4’3” </li></ul><ul><li>Used fire but did not control it </li></ul>
  • 7. Homo Habilis <ul><li>Remains are often found with primitive stone tools </li></ul><ul><li>Began to expand out from eastern Africa to the Sahara region of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Both Homo Habilis and Australopithecus were a favorite meal for Dinofelis </li></ul>
  • 8. Homo Hablilis <ul><li>Scientific classification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Primates Family: Hominidae Genus: Homo Species: H. habilis </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Homo Erectus <ul><li>“Upright Man” </li></ul><ul><li>Existed from 2 million to 1 million years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Brain was about 25% smaller than modern humans </li></ul><ul><li>Average height was 5’10” (fairly tall) </li></ul><ul><li>Found throughout Africa, Europe and Asia </li></ul>
  • 10. Homo Erectus <ul><li>Was able to make primitive tools and was a true hunter-gatherer </li></ul><ul><li>Some evidence that Homo Erectus had control of fire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Primates Family: Hominidae Genus: Homo Species: H. erectus </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. Homo Neanderthalensis <ul><li>Named after Neander Valley where first remains were found </li></ul><ul><li>Existed from 500,000 to approximately 25,000 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Similar height to modern humans but were stockier and stronger </li></ul><ul><li>Brain was slightly larger than modern humans </li></ul><ul><li>Average height of 5’5” </li></ul>
  • 12. Homo Neanderthalensis <ul><li>Used weapons, built complex structures and controlled fire </li></ul><ul><li>Buried their dead with simple ceremonies </li></ul>
  • 13. “Out of Africa” theory
  • 14. Scientific Classification <ul><li>Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Primates Family: Hominidae Genus: Homo Species: H. neanderthalensis </li></ul>
  • 15. Homo Sapiens Sapiens <ul><li>“Modern Man” </li></ul><ul><li>120,000 years ago until present </li></ul><ul><li>Were physically smaller than Neanderthals, but with a larger frontal cranial cavity (associated with decision making) </li></ul>
  • 16. Homo Sapiens Sapiens <ul><li>Earliest modern Homo Sapiens are sometimes referred to as Cro-Magnon (named after the cave where remains were found) </li></ul><ul><li>Anatomically modern, ate a balanced diet of plants and animals </li></ul><ul><li>Adept at weaving, painting and hunting </li></ul><ul><li>Coexisted with Neanderthals until they went extinct </li></ul>
  • 17. Scientific Classification <ul><li>Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Primates Family: Hominidae Genus: Homo Species: H. sapiens Subspecies: H. s. sapiens </li></ul>
  • 18.  

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