SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 75
Human Evolution
Overview ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Early Primates ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
First Arboreal Mammals ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
First Arboreal Mammals
Tarsiers Lemurs Loris Pottos Prosimians
Tarsier
Ring tailed lemur
Aye aye
 
Two main groups of primates: ,[object Object],[object Object]
Tarsiers Lemurs Loris Pottos 1. Prosimians
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],New World Monkey: Flat face Wide nostrils Prehensile tail Old World Monkey: Long snout Close nostrils Non-prehensile tail 2. Anthropoids = monkeys + apes + man
Taxonomy  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Primate Phylogeny ,[object Object],[object Object]
Primate phylogeny that Humans Share ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Binocular Color Vision
Primate Hands
Mobile Limbs ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Other important features ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Proconsul- Ancestor to Hominoids?
Proconsul A skull of  Proconsul africanus  from the Kenya National Museum.
Selective pressures ,[object Object]
 
Hominid Evolution ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Environmental Changes Cont Drift
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
VII.  Cultural Evolution: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
I.  Changes to the mouth ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Chewing
 
 
II.  Changes in Brain Size ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 
 
A. afarensis A. africanus A. boisei A. robustus
Human Evolution
III.  Bipedalism
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Laetoli Footprints
Anatomical Adaptations to Bipedalism
Human and Ape Skeletal Features ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Human Skeletal Adaptations
What are the anatomical features of bipedalism? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Bipedal Pelvis
Bipedal Femur
Bipedal Foramen Magnum
Bipedal Foot
 
Why Bipedalism?
Remember the following… ,[object Object],[object Object]
1960 Up the ladder   ,[object Object],[object Object],Trends illustrated by fossils Environmental Changes Cont Drift
Human Origin Misconceptions : ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
1960 Up the ladder Australopithecus Homo erectus Homo sapiens
1970 Branching out ,[object Object],[object Object],Homo sapiens Homo erectus Homo habilis Australopithecus africanus A. robustus A. boisei Australopithecus afarensis “Lucy” Added 1974
1991 Changing status ,[object Object],Homo sapiens Homo erectus Homo habilis A. africanus A. robustus A. boisei Australopithecus afarensis
2001  From a tree to a bush ? ? ? 1 Ma 2 Ma 3 Ma 4 Ma Homo sapiens Homo erectus Homo habilis A. africanus P. robustus Paranthropus boisei Australopithecus afarensis Australopithecus anemensis Ardipithecus ramidus P. aethiopicus Homo rudolfensis H. ergaster H. heidelbergensis Homo neanderthalensis A. garhi ? ? ?
2003 DEEPER ROOTS ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 Ma 2 Ma 3 Ma 4 Ma 5 Ma 6 Ma 7 Ma Homo sapiens Homo erectus Homo habilis A. africanus Paranthropus robustus Paranthropus. boisei Australopithecus afarensis Australopithecus anemensis Ardipithecus ramidus P. aethiopicus Homo rudolfensis H. ergaster H. heidelbergensis Homo neanderthalensis A. garhi Orrorin tugensis Gorilla gorilla Sahelanthropus tchadensis “ Toumai” Pan trogolodites
How many more? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Hominid Fossil Record ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Hominid Fossil Record ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Human Evolution is Complex ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Australopithecines  3.6 mya  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 
South Africa Skull
Gorilla Skull
Homo habilis  2.3 MYA ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Homo   erectus  1.7 mya ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Homo Egaster
Homo sapiens ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Limits on brain size * * *
Classification:  Homo sapiens ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],A unt  C lara  M ake  P eople  H appy.  H ow,  S he’s  S weet
Origin of  Homo sapiens   ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Origin of  Homo sapiens ,[object Object],[object Object]
Two Models of Human Evolution
Origin of  Homo sapiens ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Origin of  Homo sapiens ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Homo sapiens  Out of Africa ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Language and Cultural Evolution ,[object Object]

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Human Evolution
Human EvolutionHuman Evolution
Human Evolution
 
human evolution
human evolutionhuman evolution
human evolution
 
Evolution of man(palaeontological evidence)
Evolution of man(palaeontological evidence)Evolution of man(palaeontological evidence)
Evolution of man(palaeontological evidence)
 
Unit 6 human evolution a
Unit 6 human evolution aUnit 6 human evolution a
Unit 6 human evolution a
 
Primate evolution
Primate evolutionPrimate evolution
Primate evolution
 
Human evolution
Human evolutionHuman evolution
Human evolution
 
Human Evolution - The drastic change
Human Evolution - The drastic changeHuman Evolution - The drastic change
Human Evolution - The drastic change
 
human evolution
human evolutionhuman evolution
human evolution
 
Evolution of Human
Evolution of HumanEvolution of Human
Evolution of Human
 
Evolution of hourse ppt iqra
Evolution of hourse ppt iqraEvolution of hourse ppt iqra
Evolution of hourse ppt iqra
 
The living primates
The living primatesThe living primates
The living primates
 
Evolution of Man (form one)
Evolution of Man (form one)Evolution of Man (form one)
Evolution of Man (form one)
 
Evolution of horse in paleontology
Evolution of horse in paleontologyEvolution of horse in paleontology
Evolution of horse in paleontology
 
Theory of evolution : Lamarck and darwin
Theory of evolution : Lamarck and darwinTheory of evolution : Lamarck and darwin
Theory of evolution : Lamarck and darwin
 
The Geological Time Scale
The Geological Time ScaleThe Geological Time Scale
The Geological Time Scale
 
Evolution Presentation
Evolution PresentationEvolution Presentation
Evolution Presentation
 
Clasification of primates
Clasification of primatesClasification of primates
Clasification of primates
 
Study of Human evolution
Study of Human evolutionStudy of Human evolution
Study of Human evolution
 
Human evolution
Human evolutionHuman evolution
Human evolution
 
Humans and other primates
Humans and other primatesHumans and other primates
Humans and other primates
 

Similar to 3. Human Evolution

Ch. 15 Hominin Evolution
Ch. 15  Hominin EvolutionCh. 15  Hominin Evolution
Ch. 15 Hominin EvolutionMartin Jellinek
 
Unit 6_Human Evolution_Complete.pptx
Unit 6_Human Evolution_Complete.pptxUnit 6_Human Evolution_Complete.pptx
Unit 6_Human Evolution_Complete.pptxNkosenhle Dube
 
Tracing the human evolution
Tracing the human evolutionTracing the human evolution
Tracing the human evolutionPriyah Jakx
 
A Presentation on Journey from monkey to man.pptx
A Presentation on Journey from monkey to man.pptxA Presentation on Journey from monkey to man.pptx
A Presentation on Journey from monkey to man.pptxHylton Upshon
 
Homo Floresiensis Evolution
Homo Floresiensis EvolutionHomo Floresiensis Evolution
Homo Floresiensis EvolutionKate Subramanian
 
Humanorigins 140309074812-phpapp01.ppt
Humanorigins 140309074812-phpapp01.pptHumanorigins 140309074812-phpapp01.ppt
Humanorigins 140309074812-phpapp01.pptRobert Nkwana
 
A Presentation on MONKEY TO MAN . pptx 1
A Presentation on MONKEY TO MAN . pptx  1A Presentation on MONKEY TO MAN . pptx  1
A Presentation on MONKEY TO MAN . pptx 1Hylton Upshon
 
Unit 6 human evolution a
Unit 6 human evolution aUnit 6 human evolution a
Unit 6 human evolution axolani mabhija
 
Sociology lesson1b human evoulution
Sociology lesson1b human evoulutionSociology lesson1b human evoulution
Sociology lesson1b human evoulutionGeraldin Garcia
 
Aps Vs Modern Apes Essay
Aps Vs Modern Apes EssayAps Vs Modern Apes Essay
Aps Vs Modern Apes EssaySarah Gordon
 
1 Lecture 7 Lecture Summary In this lecture will c.docx
 1 Lecture 7  Lecture Summary In this lecture will c.docx 1 Lecture 7  Lecture Summary In this lecture will c.docx
1 Lecture 7 Lecture Summary In this lecture will c.docxjoyjonna282
 
Human Evolution Interactive Powerpoint Presentation
Human Evolution Interactive Powerpoint PresentationHuman Evolution Interactive Powerpoint Presentation
Human Evolution Interactive Powerpoint Presentationsanfojam
 

Similar to 3. Human Evolution (20)

Ch. 15 Hominin Evolution
Ch. 15  Hominin EvolutionCh. 15  Hominin Evolution
Ch. 15 Hominin Evolution
 
Human Evolution
Human EvolutionHuman Evolution
Human Evolution
 
Unit 6_Human Evolution_Complete.pptx
Unit 6_Human Evolution_Complete.pptxUnit 6_Human Evolution_Complete.pptx
Unit 6_Human Evolution_Complete.pptx
 
Anthropoids
AnthropoidsAnthropoids
Anthropoids
 
26-3 PowerPoint.ppt
26-3 PowerPoint.ppt26-3 PowerPoint.ppt
26-3 PowerPoint.ppt
 
Tracing the human evolution
Tracing the human evolutionTracing the human evolution
Tracing the human evolution
 
Biology
BiologyBiology
Biology
 
A Presentation on Journey from monkey to man.pptx
A Presentation on Journey from monkey to man.pptxA Presentation on Journey from monkey to man.pptx
A Presentation on Journey from monkey to man.pptx
 
Fossil Mosaic Evolution
Fossil Mosaic EvolutionFossil Mosaic Evolution
Fossil Mosaic Evolution
 
Homo Floresiensis Evolution
Homo Floresiensis EvolutionHomo Floresiensis Evolution
Homo Floresiensis Evolution
 
Humanorigins 140309074812-phpapp01.ppt
Humanorigins 140309074812-phpapp01.pptHumanorigins 140309074812-phpapp01.ppt
Humanorigins 140309074812-phpapp01.ppt
 
A Presentation on MONKEY TO MAN . pptx 1
A Presentation on MONKEY TO MAN . pptx  1A Presentation on MONKEY TO MAN . pptx  1
A Presentation on MONKEY TO MAN . pptx 1
 
Unit 6 human evolution a
Unit 6 human evolution aUnit 6 human evolution a
Unit 6 human evolution a
 
human evolution biology
human evolution biology human evolution biology
human evolution biology
 
Sociology lesson1b human evoulution
Sociology lesson1b human evoulutionSociology lesson1b human evoulution
Sociology lesson1b human evoulution
 
Hominid 2
Hominid 2Hominid 2
Hominid 2
 
GROUP-3-UCSP.pptx
GROUP-3-UCSP.pptxGROUP-3-UCSP.pptx
GROUP-3-UCSP.pptx
 
Aps Vs Modern Apes Essay
Aps Vs Modern Apes EssayAps Vs Modern Apes Essay
Aps Vs Modern Apes Essay
 
1 Lecture 7 Lecture Summary In this lecture will c.docx
 1 Lecture 7  Lecture Summary In this lecture will c.docx 1 Lecture 7  Lecture Summary In this lecture will c.docx
1 Lecture 7 Lecture Summary In this lecture will c.docx
 
Human Evolution Interactive Powerpoint Presentation
Human Evolution Interactive Powerpoint PresentationHuman Evolution Interactive Powerpoint Presentation
Human Evolution Interactive Powerpoint Presentation
 

More from Bob Smullen

1. complete stats notes
1. complete stats notes1. complete stats notes
1. complete stats notesBob Smullen
 
Endocrine System
Endocrine SystemEndocrine System
Endocrine SystemBob Smullen
 
IB Biology Human Reproduction
IB Biology Human Reproduction IB Biology Human Reproduction
IB Biology Human Reproduction Bob Smullen
 
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 2
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 2Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 2
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 2Bob Smullen
 
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 1
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 1Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 1
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 1Bob Smullen
 
Topic 7: Plant Science
Topic 7: Plant ScienceTopic 7: Plant Science
Topic 7: Plant ScienceBob Smullen
 
Topic 6: Evolution
Topic 6: Evolution Topic 6: Evolution
Topic 6: Evolution Bob Smullen
 
Topic Five: Genetics
Topic Five: GeneticsTopic Five: Genetics
Topic Five: GeneticsBob Smullen
 
Topic 3: Nucleic Acid
Topic 3: Nucleic AcidTopic 3: Nucleic Acid
Topic 3: Nucleic AcidBob Smullen
 
Topic 2: Biochemistry
Topic 2: Biochemistry Topic 2: Biochemistry
Topic 2: Biochemistry Bob Smullen
 
6.5 neurons and synapses
6.5 neurons and synapses 6.5 neurons and synapses
6.5 neurons and synapses Bob Smullen
 
Immune system hl
Immune system hlImmune system hl
Immune system hlBob Smullen
 
6.2 and 6.4 transport and respiration
6.2 and 6.4  transport and respiration6.2 and 6.4  transport and respiration
6.2 and 6.4 transport and respirationBob Smullen
 
6.1 digestion HL Year One
6.1 digestion HL Year One6.1 digestion HL Year One
6.1 digestion HL Year OneBob Smullen
 
Ecology Optional Topic Student Notes
Ecology Optional Topic Student NotesEcology Optional Topic Student Notes
Ecology Optional Topic Student NotesBob Smullen
 
C.6 nitrogen cycle .pptx
C.6 nitrogen cycle .pptxC.6 nitrogen cycle .pptx
C.6 nitrogen cycle .pptxBob Smullen
 

More from Bob Smullen (20)

1. complete stats notes
1. complete stats notes1. complete stats notes
1. complete stats notes
 
Topic One: Cell
Topic One: CellTopic One: Cell
Topic One: Cell
 
Endocrine System
Endocrine SystemEndocrine System
Endocrine System
 
IB Biology Human Reproduction
IB Biology Human Reproduction IB Biology Human Reproduction
IB Biology Human Reproduction
 
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 2
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 2Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 2
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 2
 
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 1
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 1Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 1
Topic 8: Ecology Option C Part 1
 
Topic 7: Plant Science
Topic 7: Plant ScienceTopic 7: Plant Science
Topic 7: Plant Science
 
Topic 6: Evolution
Topic 6: Evolution Topic 6: Evolution
Topic 6: Evolution
 
Topic Five: Genetics
Topic Five: GeneticsTopic Five: Genetics
Topic Five: Genetics
 
Topic 3: Nucleic Acid
Topic 3: Nucleic AcidTopic 3: Nucleic Acid
Topic 3: Nucleic Acid
 
Topic 2: Biochemistry
Topic 2: Biochemistry Topic 2: Biochemistry
Topic 2: Biochemistry
 
11.3 kidney
11.3 kidney11.3 kidney
11.3 kidney
 
11.2 Movement
11.2 Movement 11.2 Movement
11.2 Movement
 
6.5 neurons and synapses
6.5 neurons and synapses 6.5 neurons and synapses
6.5 neurons and synapses
 
Immune system hl
Immune system hlImmune system hl
Immune system hl
 
Ia headings
Ia headingsIa headings
Ia headings
 
6.2 and 6.4 transport and respiration
6.2 and 6.4  transport and respiration6.2 and 6.4  transport and respiration
6.2 and 6.4 transport and respiration
 
6.1 digestion HL Year One
6.1 digestion HL Year One6.1 digestion HL Year One
6.1 digestion HL Year One
 
Ecology Optional Topic Student Notes
Ecology Optional Topic Student NotesEcology Optional Topic Student Notes
Ecology Optional Topic Student Notes
 
C.6 nitrogen cycle .pptx
C.6 nitrogen cycle .pptxC.6 nitrogen cycle .pptx
C.6 nitrogen cycle .pptx
 

Recently uploaded

BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxAnupam32727
 
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsShark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsArubSultan
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPAn Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfDBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroomSamsung Business USA
 
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their usesSulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their usesVijayaLaxmi84
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEMISSRITIMABIOLOGYEXP
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptxUnraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptxDhatriParmar
 
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6Vanessa Camilleri
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 

Recently uploaded (20)

BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
 
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsShark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPAn Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
 
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical VariableChi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
 
Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,
Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,
Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,
 
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfDBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
 
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their usesSulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
 
Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...
Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...
Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
 
CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA _
CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA            _CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA            _
CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA _
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptxUnraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptx
 
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 

3. Human Evolution

Editor's Notes

  1. separated.
  2. ?
  3. These prints show bipedal characteristics of nondivergent big toe, heel strike, and well-developed arch. Play Berkeley clip. Stress that bipedalism evolved before big brains;
  4. Australopithecine pelvises are far more similar to humans than to those of apes, and shows that they were undoubtedly bipedal. The pelvis of Lucy ( A. afarensis ), although not shown here, is very similar to that of A. africanus . Despite the overall similarity, australopithecine pelvises are not identical to those of humans. There are a number of differences, some of which are more obvious when viewed from other angles. This illustration is from "Humankind Emerging", edited by Bernard Campbell.
  5. Freeing the hands Providing better predator detection Reducing thermal load on body Postural feeding Long-distance walking Hunting Male provisioning
  6. Top left: Mr. Ples Middle: Taung Child Bottom left: Raymond Dart holding Taung Child.