GEORGES BRAQUE• Birth name : Georges Braque• Born :13 May 1882)• Died : 31 August 1963 (aged 81)Paris• Nationality : French• Field : Painting, Drawing, Sculpture, Printmaking• Movement : Cubism, Fauvism• Patrons : Fernand Mourlot• Influenced by : Paul Cézanne, André Derain, Raoul Dufy, Othon Friesz, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso
GEORGES BRAQUE (cont.)• Georges Braque was a major 20th century French painter and sculptor.• He developed CUBISM along with Pablo Picasso.
His Youth• Georges Braque was born in Argenteuil, Val-dOise.• He grew up in Le Havre and trained to be a house painter and decorator like his father and grandfather.• He also studied serious painting at the École des Beaux-Arts, in Le Havre, from about 1897 to 1899.• In Paris, he apprenticed with a decorator and was awarded his certificate in 1902.
WOMAN WITH A GUITAR• Sorgues, autumn 1913• Oil and charcoal on canvas• 51 1/4 x 28 3/4 in. (130 x 73 cm.)• Musee National dArt Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris Romilly 198• An example of synthetic cubism.
Braque’s paintings• Braques paintings of 1908–1913 began to reflect his new interest in geometry.• He conducted an intense study of the effects of light and perspective and the technical means that painters use to represent these effects.
Interest in Geometry• In his village scenes, for example, Braque frequently reduced an architectural structure to a geometric form approximating a cube.• He showed this in the painting " House at Lestaque".• In this way, Braque called attention to the very nature of visual illusion and artistic representation
Houses at LEstaque• LEstaque, [August] 1908• Oil on canvas• 28 3/4 x 23 1/2 in. (73 x 60 cm.)• Kunstmuseum Bern Romilly 14
Fruitdish and Glass• Fruitdish and Glass• September 1912• Pasted papers and charcoal on paper• Private collection
Braque and Pablo• Beginning in 1909, Braque began to work closely with Pablo Picasso.• A comparison of the works of Picasso and Braque during 1908 reveals that the effect of his encounter with Picasso was more to accelerate and intensify Braque’s exploration of Cézanne’s ideas, rather than to divert his thinking in any essential way.
Development of CUBISM• The invention of Cubism was a joint effort between Picasso and Braque, then residents of Montmartre, Paris.• Braque and Picasso, in particular, began working on the development of Cubism in 1908.• Both artists produced paintings of monochromatic color and complex patterns of faceted form, now called Analytic Cubism
Braque and Pablo (contd.)• In 1912, they began to experiment with collage and papier collé.• They worked closely together until the outbreak of World War I in 1914 when Braque enlisted in the French Army, leaving Paris to fight in the First World War.
Critic’s word• French art critic Louis Vauxcelles first used the term Cubism, or "bizarre cubiques", in 1908 after seeing a picture by Braque.• He described it as full of little cubes, after which the term quickly gained wide use.
LATER WORKS• Braque was wounded in the war, and he resumed his artistic career in 1917 after which he moved away from the harsher abstraction of cubism.• Working alone, he developed a more personal style, characterized by brilliant color and textured surfaces .• He painted many still life subjects during this time, maintaining his emphasis on structure. During his recovery he became a close friend of the cubist artist Juan Gris..
Death of George Braque• He died on 31 August 1963, in Paris.• He is buried in the church cemetery in Saint-Marguerite-sur-Mer, Normandy, France. Braques work is in most major museums throughout the world.
TERRACE OF HOTEL MISTRAL• LEstaque [and Paris], autumn 1907• Oil on canvas• 31 1/2 x 24 in. (80 x 61 cm.)• Private collection, New York
STILL LIFE BACH• Still Life BACH• 1912• Pasted paper and charcoal on paper• Kunstmuseum Basel
BLACK FISH• Black Fish 1942• Oil on canvas• 33 x 55 cm• Musee national dArt moderne, Paris
Glass, Carafe and Newspapers• Glass, Carafe and Newspapers 1914• Pasted papers, chalk and charcoal on cardboard• 62.5 x 28.5 cm (24 5/8 x 11 1/4 in.)• Private collection, Basel
Interior with Palette• Interior with Palette 1942• Oil on canvas• 55 5/8 x 77 in.• The Menil Collection, Houston, Texas