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Independence for texas

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    Independence for texas Independence for texas Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • Map of the United States (c. 1830)
      • Mexico had given a large tract of land to Stephen Austin to settle with at least 300 Americans
      • The northern area was dominated by violent Native Americans – Apache and Comanche
      • Mexicans did not want to settle close to these tribes
      • The Mexican government gave the land away to anyone with a settlement plan
    • Stephen F. Austin (1793-1836)
      • Mexico gave land to Empresarios
        • Mexican citizens charged to settle the land
        • Empresarios brought in settlers and gave them pieces of land
        • Settlers had to become Mexican citizens and convert to Roman Catholicism
      • Austin was the most successful Empresario
        • Persuaded over 1,500 Americans to settle
      • Americans did not assimilate into Mexican culture as was hoped
      • Empresarios felt the government was not giving them enough control
      • Mexico closed its borders to settlers in 1830
      • A tax was put on goods imported from America to discourage trade
      • New laws infuriated the settlers
      • Their settlements could not grow
      • They could not get goods they were accustomed to
      • Mexican government (considered foreign) was telling them what to do
      • Two conventions were called by Texans
        • Austin was appointed President
        • Demands were made to open the borders and loosen taxes
        • A constitution was drawn
      • Austin took demands to Mexico City, talks failed
      • Austin encouraged Texas to form its own government and was arrested for treason
      • President Antonio L ópez de Santa Anna declared himself dictator and refused to talk to Texans
    • Antonio López de Santa Anna
      • Austin was released from jail and went back to Texas to organize and army
      • Mexican army was poorly lead and disorganized
      • Texan army had element of surprise and achieved early victories, took control of San Antonio
      • Sam Houston took command of the Texans and began training them
      • Santa Anna assembled a 6,000 man army to put down the rebellion
    • Sam Houston "The Raven" (1793-1863)
      • Santa Anna’s army arrived in San Antonio to take the city back
      • 180 Texans locked themselves in an old Spanish Catholic mission called the Alamo
      • The Texans held off Santa Anna’s army for 13 days
      • In that time, the new Texan government formally declared independence
    •  
      • On March 6, 1836, Santa Anna’s army stormed the Alamo
      • After 6 hours and 600 Mexican casualties, the Alamo fell
    •  
      • Goliad was a town southeast of San Antonio
      • Mexican troops surrounded a Texas army of more than 300
      • The Texas army surrendered
      • Santa Anna demanded execution
      • On March 27, 1836, Mexican troops executed the entire regiment
      • The defeat enraged and united Texans
      • Turning point in the war
      • Santa Anna’s army did not see the Texans as a threat
      • The Mexican army was sleeping when they were ambushed by Sam Houston
      • Hundreds of Mexicans were killed and over 700 were taken captive
      • Among those taken captive was Santa Anna himself
      • Houston forced Santa Ana to agree to Texas independence
    • Map of Texas (c. 1844)
      • In September of 1836, the Texas citizens elected Sam Houston as their President
      • They also agreed to annexation by the US
      • Northerners were opposed because Texas would be a slave state
      • Andrew Jackson did not want to increase tensions and did not annex Texas
      • Texas remained an independent nation until 1845
    •  
    • Map of Mexico (c. 1847)