1805-1809
<ul><li>Jefferson’s policies made him very popular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowered taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquired...
<ul><li>France and Britain at war (again) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoleon has taken over most of the European continent </l...
Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte
 
<ul><li>Britain wanted to board a U.S. Navy frigate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Captain said no </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T...
<ul><li>After the  Chesapeake  incident </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson convinced Congress to order an embargo </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>The fourth President of the US </li></ul><ul><li>Member of Jefferson’ Republican party </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson...
 
<ul><li>Americans who were tired of being bullied and wanted war </li></ul><ul><li>John C. Calhoun of S. Carolina </li></u...
 
 
<ul><li>On June 10, 1812, Congress asked for a declaration of war </li></ul><ul><li>As Congress was debating, the British ...
<ul><li>South and West were pro-war </li></ul><ul><li>New England was anti-war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Again, New England ta...
<ul><li>The US Navy consisted of a total of nine ships </li></ul><ul><li>The army was never larger than 35,000 </li></ul>
<ul><li>US Offensive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US invades Canada several times but never succeeds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Briti...
 
 
The bombardment of Fort McHenry, near Baltimore
Fort McHenry Today
 
 
Francis Scott Key reaching out to the Star Spangled Banner
<ul><li>Prior to 1814, other American symbols were more prominent than the American flag </li></ul><ul><li>Early American ...
An Artist's Rendering of the Bombardment on Fort McHenry
First printed edition combining words and music , published in 1814.
The original “Star Spangled Banner” in Francis Scott Key’s handwriting
<ul><li>The Star-Spangled Banner for Fort McHenry was made by Mary Pickersgill </li></ul><ul><li>It had 15 stripes and 15 ...
The 15 Star, 15 Stripe Flag
The Surviving  Fort McHenry Flag
<ul><li>This flag design became the official United States flag on May 1, 1795  </li></ul><ul><li>With the addition of two...
 
<ul><li>New England was where the U.S. trade business was centered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade suffered during the war </l...
<ul><li>The war basically ended in a tie </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty basically left things the way the were prior to the ...
Signing of the Treaty of Ghent in Ghent, Belgium
<ul><li>U.S. beat some of the best British troops </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson successfully defended New Orleans  </li...
 
 
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Jefferson Through Madison and The War of 1812

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Jefferson Through Madison and The War of 1812

  1. 1. 1805-1809
  2. 2. <ul><li>Jefferson’s policies made him very popular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowered taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquired vast new lands to the west </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed Alien and Sedition Acts to expire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept the nation at peace </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Landslide victory for Jefferson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Won all but two states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electoral College </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson: 162 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>C.C. Pinckney: 14 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>France and Britain at war (again) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoleon has taken over most of the European continent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both countries enforce blockades </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain stops all ships going into Napoleon’s Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France stops all ship heading towards the British Isles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Britain seized more than 1,000 American ships and confiscated their cargo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practiced impressment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forcing American sailors into their navy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte
  5. 6. <ul><li>Britain wanted to board a U.S. Navy frigate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Captain said no </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The British Navy opened fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 American sailors died, 18 were wounded </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. public opinion turned against the British </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>After the Chesapeake incident </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson convinced Congress to order an embargo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No U.S. businesses were to sell any goods to foreign countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Felt that this would hurt Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted them to recognize American Neutrality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Europe was largely unaffected </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. businesses were badly hurt </li></ul><ul><li>Congress lifted the act in 1809 </li></ul><ul><li>Bad mark on Jefferson’s second term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He lost popularity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans lost confidence in their government </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>The fourth President of the US </li></ul><ul><li>Member of Jefferson’ Republican party </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson decided not to run in the election of 1808 and he endorsed Madison </li></ul><ul><li>Madison beat C.C. Pinckney easily </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Americans who were tired of being bullied and wanted war </li></ul><ul><li>John C. Calhoun of S. Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay of Kentucky </li></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>On June 10, 1812, Congress asked for a declaration of war </li></ul><ul><li>As Congress was debating, the British Parliament was passing a law to respect US Neutrality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication was slow and word did not reach Congress in time </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>South and West were pro-war </li></ul><ul><li>New England was anti-war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Again, New England talked about seceding </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>The US Navy consisted of a total of nine ships </li></ul><ul><li>The army was never larger than 35,000 </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>US Offensive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US invades Canada several times but never succeeds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>British Offensive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Bladensburg Races”: stormed Washington D.C., burned the Capitol and the White House </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fort McHenry: massive attack on the Baltimore Harbor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unsuccessful </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Francis Scott Key wrote the Star Spangled Banner </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 19. The bombardment of Fort McHenry, near Baltimore
  14. 20. Fort McHenry Today
  15. 23. Francis Scott Key reaching out to the Star Spangled Banner
  16. 24. <ul><li>Prior to 1814, other American symbols were more prominent than the American flag </li></ul><ul><li>Early American gold coins, for example, featured the eagle and the &quot;Liberty Cap&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>The American flag has grown in importance </li></ul><ul><li>The flag became &quot;the primary symbol of American patriotism&quot; after Francis Scott Key's poetic account of the bombardment of Fort McHenry stirred a powerful sentiment in the American people </li></ul>
  17. 25. An Artist's Rendering of the Bombardment on Fort McHenry
  18. 26. First printed edition combining words and music , published in 1814.
  19. 27. The original “Star Spangled Banner” in Francis Scott Key’s handwriting
  20. 28. <ul><li>The Star-Spangled Banner for Fort McHenry was made by Mary Pickersgill </li></ul><ul><li>It had 15 stripes and 15 stars </li></ul><ul><li>It originally measured 30 x 42 feet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>about one-quarter the size of a basketball court </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each star is about two feet across </li></ul>
  21. 29. The 15 Star, 15 Stripe Flag
  22. 30. The Surviving Fort McHenry Flag
  23. 31. <ul><li>This flag design became the official United States flag on May 1, 1795 </li></ul><ul><li>With the addition of two stars for Vermont and Kentucky, this flag was to last for 23 years </li></ul><ul><li>The five Presidents who served under this flag were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Washington (1789-1797) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Adams (1797-1801) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>James Madison (1809-1817) and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>James Monroe (1817-1825) </li></ul></ul>
  24. 33. <ul><li>New England was where the U.S. trade business was centered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade suffered during the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many businesses went under </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People felt that the government did not care about their interests </li></ul><ul><li>In December, 1814 delegates met in Hartford </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussed the possibility of succeeding from the union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third time discussed, closest they actually got </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settled for a plan to give New England more say </li></ul></ul>
  25. 34. <ul><li>The war basically ended in a tie </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty basically left things the way the were prior to the war </li></ul>
  26. 35. Signing of the Treaty of Ghent in Ghent, Belgium
  27. 36. <ul><li>U.S. beat some of the best British troops </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson successfully defended New Orleans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle happened after the Treaty of Ghent was signed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only clear victory for the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Made the Americans feel that they had won the war </li></ul>

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