Independence for texas


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Independence for texas

  1. 1. Map of the United States (c. 1830)
  2. 2. Mexico had given a large tract of land to Stephen Austin to settle with at least 300 Americans The northern area was dominated by violent Native Americans – Apache and Comanche Mexicans did not want to settle close to these tribes The Mexican government gave the land away to anyone with a settlement plan
  3. 3. Stephen F. Austin (1793-1836)
  4. 4. Mexico gave land to Empresarios Mexican citizens charged to settle the land Empresarios brought in settlers and gave them pieces of land Settlers had to become Mexican citizens and convert to Roman Catholicism Austin was the most successful Empresario Persuaded over 1,500 Americans to settle
  5. 5. Americans did not assimilate into Mexican culture as was hoped Empresarios felt the government was not giving them enough control Mexico closed its borders to settlers in 1830 A tax was put on goods imported from America to discourage trade
  6. 6. New laws infuriated the settlers Their settlements could not grow They could not get goods they were accustomed to Mexican government (considered foreign) was telling them what to do
  7. 7. Two conventions were called by Texans Austin was appointed President Demands were made to open the borders and loosen taxes A constitution was drawn Austin took demands to Mexico City, talks failed Austin encouraged Texas to form its own government and was arrested for treason President Antonio López de Santa Anna declared himself dictator and refused to talk to Texans
  8. 8. Antonio López de Santa Anna
  9. 9. Austin was released from jail and went back to Texas to organize and army Mexican army was poorly lead and disorganized Texan army had element of surprise and achieved early victories, took control of San Antonio Sam Houston took command of the Texans and began training them Santa Anna assembled a 6,000 man army to put down the rebellion
  10. 10. Sam Houston "The Raven" (1793-1863)
  11. 11. Santa Anna’s army arrived in San Antonio to take the city back 180 Texans locked themselves in an old Spanish Catholic mission called the Alamo The Texans held off Santa Anna’s army for 13 days In that time, the new Texan government formally declared independence
  12. 12. On March 6, 1836, Santa Anna’s army stormed the Alamo After 6 hours and 600 Mexican casualties, the Alamo fell
  13. 13. Goliad was a town southeast of San Antonio Mexican troops surrounded a Texas army of more than 300 The Texas army surrendered Santa Anna demanded execution On March 27, 1836, Mexican troops executed the entire regiment The defeat enraged and united Texans
  14. 14. Turning point in the war Santa Anna’s army did not see the Texans as a threat The Mexican army was sleeping when they were ambushed by Sam Houston Hundreds of Mexicans were killed and over 700 were taken captive Among those taken captive was Santa Anna himself Houston forced Santa Ana to agree to Texas independence
  15. 15. Map of Texas (c. 1844)
  16. 16. In September of 1836, the Texas citizens elected Sam Houston as their President They also agreed to annexation by the US Northerners were opposed because Texas would be a slave state Andrew Jackson did not want to increase tensions and did not annex Texas Texas remained an independent nation until 1845
  17. 17. Map of Mexico (c. 1847)