Overview of Congress
 
Senate Leadership <ul><li>President of the Senate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vice President of the United States </li></ul></ul...
House Leadership <ul><li>Speaker of the House </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most important and influential House member </li></ul>...
Party Caucus <ul><li>A closed meeting of the members of each party in each house </li></ul><ul><li>Meets before every sess...
Congressional Bills <ul><li>Good bills do the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Address a problem facing the United States ...
 
 
 
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Overview of congress

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Overview of congress

  1. 1. Overview of Congress
  2. 3. Senate Leadership <ul><li>President of the Senate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vice President of the United States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot take the floor to speak or debate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can only vote if there is a tie </li></ul></ul><ul><li>President Pro Tempore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading member of the majority party elected by the Senate itself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts as president in the Vice-President’s absence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Majority Leader and Minority Leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected by the party caucus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to steer the legislative agenda in their parties favor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not an official positions, but a very important one </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Majority Whip and Minority Whip </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assistants to the leaders, chosen by the party caucus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Checks with the party members to see how many votes can be counted on for a particular matter </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. House Leadership <ul><li>Speaker of the House </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most important and influential House member </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader of the majority party and chosen by the House members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker’s responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No member may speak until recognized by the Speaker </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Speaker interprets and applies all rules, refers all bills to committees, puts questions to a vote, and decides the outcome of votes taken </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Speaker names the members of all committees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Speaker signs all bills passed by the House </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Follows the Vice-President in the line of succession to the presidency </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Party Caucus <ul><li>A closed meeting of the members of each party in each house </li></ul><ul><li>Meets before every session and occasionally during the session </li></ul><ul><li>Decide party leadership, legislative agenda and strategy </li></ul>
  5. 6. Congressional Bills <ul><li>Good bills do the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Address a problem facing the United States or a specific region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide practical solutions to this problem; solutions that can be implemented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are clear and provide appropriate money, define crimes, make specific penalties and specify who is responsible for carrying out the provisions in the bill </li></ul></ul>

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