0
relative clause
relative clause
•
relative clause
•
•
relative clause
•
•
•
relative clause
•
•
•
•

adjective
clause
relative clause
•
relative clause
•
•
relative clause
•
•
•
relative clause
•
•
•
•
the
relative clause
•
•
•
•
the
•
relative clause
•
relative clause
•

relative pronoun

•
relative clause
•
relative clause
• 1- that (

•
)
relative clause
• 1- that (
• 2- who (

•
)
)
relative clause
• 1- that (
• 2- who (
• 3- whom (

•
)
)
)
relative clause
•
•
•
•

1- that (
2- who (
3- whom (
4- which(

•
)
)
)
)
relative clause
•
•
•
•
•

1- that (
2- who (
3- whom (
4- which(
5- whose (

•
)
)
)
)
)
relative clause
•
•
•
•
•
•

1- that (
2- who (
3- whom (
4- which(
5- whose (
6- where (

•
)
)
)
)
)

)
relative clause
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

1- that (
2- who (
3- whom (
4- which(
5- whose (
6- where (
7- when (

•
)
)
)

)
)
)
)
relative clause
•

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

1- that (
2- who (
3- whom (
4- which(
5- whose (
6- where (
7- when (
8- why (

)
)
)...
•
•
•
examples:
examples:
• - I’d like to give the money to people who (
that ) really need it .
examples:
• - I’d like to give the money to people who (
that ) really need it .
• - Are you going to sell the house which...
examples:
• - I’d like to give the money to people who (
that ) really need it .
• - Are you going to sell the house which...
examples:
• - I’d like to give the money to people who (
that ) really need it .
• - Are you going to sell the house which...
examples:
• - I’d like to give the money to people who ( that )
really need it .
• - Are you going to sell the house which...
examples:
• - I’d like to give the money to people who ( that ) really
need it .
• - Are you going to sell the house which...
examples:
• - I’d like to give the money to people who ( that ) really
need it .
• - Are you going to sell the house which...
more examples:
• - The lab is a place where men and women
study the animals.
more examples:
• - The lab is a place where men and women
study the animals.
• - Is this the road where the accident
happe...
more examples:
• - The lab is a place where men and women
study the animals.
• - Is this the road where the accident
happe...
more examples:
• - The lab is a place where men and women
study the animals.
• - Is this the road where the accident
happe...
more examples :
• Things that make us laugh are funny things.
more examples :
• Things that make us laugh are funny things.
• A person who receives others as his guests is a
host.
more examples :
• Things that make us laugh are funny things.
• A person who receives others as his guests is a
host.
• On...
more examples :
• Things that make us laugh are funny things.
• A person who receives others as his guests is a
host.
• On...
more examples :
• Things that make us laugh are funny things.
• A person who receives others as his guests is a
host.
• On...
Examples from book 2
• The lab is a place where men and women
study animals.
Examples from book 2
• The lab is a place where men and women
study animals.
• A person who works in the navy is a sailor.
Examples from book 2
• The lab is a place where men and women
study animals.
• A person who works in the navy is a sailor....
Examples from book 2
• The lab is a place where men and women
study animals.
• A person who works in the navy is a sailor....
Examples from book 2
• The lab is a place where men and women
study animals.
• A person who works in the navy is a sailor....
that

.

- •
whose
that

.
‘s

- •
whose
whose •
-

the

the
- •

• That is the person I spoke to .

→
- •

• That is the person I spoke to . →
• That is the person to whom I spoke .
- •

• That is the person I spoke to . →
• That is the person to whom I spoke .
• This is the house which they live in . →
- •

•
•
•
•

That is the person I spoke to . →
That is the person to whom I spoke .
This is the house which they live in ...
- •
- •

–where
why –when
that
• - Is this the road where the accident
happened?
• - Is this the road where the accident
happened?
• Is this the road the accident happened in?
• - I remember the day when we went on a
picnic.
• - I remember the day when we went on a
picnic.
• I remember the day we went for a picnic in.
• - I want to know the reason why you came
late.
• - I want to know the reason why you came
late.
• I want to know the reason you came late for.
- •
is , are , was ,

to be
were , has been , had been
ing

adjective phrase
• - The car which goes very fast is new. →
• - The car which goes very fast is new. →
• The car going very fast is new.
• - The man who lives next door is my father’s
friend. →
• - The man who lives next door is my father’s
friend. →
• The man living next door is my father’s
friend.
• - The letters that were written yesterday are
over there.
• - The letters that were written yesterday are
over there.
• The letters written yesterday are over there.
• - The children who were punished by the
teacher are in the yard.
• - The children who were punished by the
teacher are in the yard.
• The children punished by the teacher are in
the yard.
•
•

-

•
•

-

•

-

•
•

-

•

-

•

•
•

he , she , it ,they
him , her , it , them
his , her , its ,

•
their , ‘s
EXAMPLE:
• 1- The students are very clever . I teach them
English .
EXAMPLE:
• 1- The students are very clever . I teach them
English .
• The students who(m)I teach English are very
clever .
EXAMPLE:
• 2- I am wearing the shoes . My mother bought
them for me.
EXAMPLE:
• 2- I am wearing the shoes . My mother bought
them for me.
• I am wearing the shoes which My mother
bought for m...
EXAMPLE:
• 3- The shirt is in his room . He bought it last
week .
EXAMPLE:
• 3- The shirt is in his room . He bought it last
week .
• The shirt (that) He bought last week is in his
room .
EXAMPLE:
• 4- The men are over there . They were
employed by Mr White .
EXAMPLE:
• 4- The men are over there . They were
employed by Mr White .
• The men who were employed by Mr White
are over.
EXAMPLE:
• 5- There are thousands of tiny light bulbs.
They make the city glow.
EXAMPLE:
• 5- There are thousands of tiny light bulb. They
make the city glow.
• There are thousands of tiny light bulbs w...
EXAMPLE:
• 6- I visited the doctor . I had talked to her
before .
EXAMPLE:
• 6- I visited the doctor . I had talked to her
before .
• I visited the doctor (who) I had talked to
before .
EXAMPLE:
• 7- This is a man . I met him yesterday.
EXAMPLE:
• 7- This is a man . I met him yesterday.
• This is a man (who) I met yesterday.
EXAMPLE:
• 8- This is a man. His son is the best student.
EXAMPLE:
• 8- This is a man. His son is the best student.
• This is the man whose son is the best
student.
EXAMPLE:
• 9- Those men work here . Their boss has sold
his factory .
EXAMPLE:
• 9- Those men work here . Their boss has sold
his factory .
• Those men whose boss has sold his factory
work her...
EXAMPLE:
• 10- This is a park .I met her here . →
• This is the park where I met her.
EXAMPLE:
• 11- We remember the summer. We went to
the North that summer.
EXAMPLE:
• 11- We remember the summer. We went to
the North that summer.
• We remember the summer when We went to
the Nort...
EXAMPLE:
• 12- This is the reason. He went home because
he had finished his work.
EXAMPLE:
• 12- This is the reason. He went home because
he had finished his work.
• This is the reason why He went home .
عبارت موصول
عبارت موصول
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Transcript of "عبارت موصول"

  1. 1. relative clause
  2. 2. relative clause •
  3. 3. relative clause • •
  4. 4. relative clause • • •
  5. 5. relative clause • • • • adjective clause
  6. 6. relative clause •
  7. 7. relative clause • •
  8. 8. relative clause • • •
  9. 9. relative clause • • • • the
  10. 10. relative clause • • • • the •
  11. 11. relative clause •
  12. 12. relative clause • relative pronoun •
  13. 13. relative clause •
  14. 14. relative clause • 1- that ( • )
  15. 15. relative clause • 1- that ( • 2- who ( • ) )
  16. 16. relative clause • 1- that ( • 2- who ( • 3- whom ( • ) ) )
  17. 17. relative clause • • • • 1- that ( 2- who ( 3- whom ( 4- which( • ) ) ) )
  18. 18. relative clause • • • • • 1- that ( 2- who ( 3- whom ( 4- which( 5- whose ( • ) ) ) ) )
  19. 19. relative clause • • • • • • 1- that ( 2- who ( 3- whom ( 4- which( 5- whose ( 6- where ( • ) ) ) ) ) )
  20. 20. relative clause • • • • • • • 1- that ( 2- who ( 3- whom ( 4- which( 5- whose ( 6- where ( 7- when ( • ) ) ) ) ) ) )
  21. 21. relative clause • • • • • • • • • 1- that ( 2- who ( 3- whom ( 4- which( 5- whose ( 6- where ( 7- when ( 8- why ( ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
  22. 22.
  23. 23. • •
  24. 24. examples:
  25. 25. examples: • - I’d like to give the money to people who ( that ) really need it .
  26. 26. examples: • - I’d like to give the money to people who ( that ) really need it . • - Are you going to sell the house which ( that ) you bought before.
  27. 27. examples: • - I’d like to give the money to people who ( that ) really need it . • - Are you going to sell the house which ( that ) you bought before. • - Is that the person who / whom (that) you invited?( whom)
  28. 28. examples: • - I’d like to give the money to people who ( that ) really need it . • - Are you going to sell the house which ( that ) you bought before. • - Is that the person who / whom (that) you invited?( whom) • - Is this the boy whose father was looking for?
  29. 29. examples: • - I’d like to give the money to people who ( that ) really need it . • - Are you going to sell the house which ( that ) you bought before. • - Is that the person who / whom (that) you invited?( whom) • - Is this the boy whose father was looking for? • - This is the house whose roof was repaired last year.
  30. 30. examples: • - I’d like to give the money to people who ( that ) really need it . • - Are you going to sell the house which ( that ) you bought before. • - Is that the person who / whom (that) you invited?( whom) • - Is this the boy whose father was looking for? • - This is the house whose roof was repaired last year. • - We saw the men whose houses had been destroyed in the war.
  31. 31. examples: • - I’d like to give the money to people who ( that ) really need it . • - Are you going to sell the house which ( that ) you bought before. • - Is that the person who / whom (that) you invited?( whom) • - Is this the boy whose father was looking for? • - This is the house whose roof was repaired last year. • - We saw the men whose houses had been destroyed in the war. • - The people of Mecca , who worshiped idols , turned against him.
  32. 32. more examples: • - The lab is a place where men and women study the animals.
  33. 33. more examples: • - The lab is a place where men and women study the animals. • - Is this the road where the accident happened?
  34. 34. more examples: • - The lab is a place where men and women study the animals. • - Is this the road where the accident happened? • - I remember the day when we went on a picnic.
  35. 35. more examples: • - The lab is a place where men and women study the animals. • - Is this the road where the accident happened? • - I remember the day when we went on a picnic. • - I want to know the reason why you came late.
  36. 36. more examples : • Things that make us laugh are funny things.
  37. 37. more examples : • Things that make us laugh are funny things. • A person who receives others as his guests is a host.
  38. 38. more examples : • Things that make us laugh are funny things. • A person who receives others as his guests is a host. • One of the greatest Englishman who ever lived was Issac Newton.
  39. 39. more examples : • Things that make us laugh are funny things. • A person who receives others as his guests is a host. • One of the greatest Englishman who ever lived was Issac Newton. • The time when the sun sets is sunset.
  40. 40. more examples : • Things that make us laugh are funny things. • A person who receives others as his guests is a host. • One of the greatest Englishman who ever lived was Issac Newton. • The time when the sun sets is sunset. • James is the man who made steam work for man.
  41. 41. Examples from book 2 • The lab is a place where men and women study animals.
  42. 42. Examples from book 2 • The lab is a place where men and women study animals. • A person who works in the navy is a sailor.
  43. 43. Examples from book 2 • The lab is a place where men and women study animals. • A person who works in the navy is a sailor. • A person who takes photographs is a photographer.
  44. 44. Examples from book 2 • The lab is a place where men and women study animals. • A person who works in the navy is a sailor. • A person who takes photograph is a photographer. • People knew about the side of the moon which they could see.
  45. 45. Examples from book 2 • The lab is a place where men and women study animals. • A person who works in the navy is a sailor. • A person who takes photograph is a photographer. • People knew about the side of the moon which they could see. • We saw that the other side is much like the side which we see all the time.
  46. 46. that . - • whose
  47. 47. that . ‘s - • whose whose •
  48. 48. - the the
  49. 49. - • • That is the person I spoke to . →
  50. 50. - • • That is the person I spoke to . → • That is the person to whom I spoke .
  51. 51. - • • That is the person I spoke to . → • That is the person to whom I spoke . • This is the house which they live in . →
  52. 52. - • • • • • That is the person I spoke to . → That is the person to whom I spoke . This is the house which they live in . → This is the house in which they live
  53. 53. - •
  54. 54. - • –where why –when that
  55. 55. • - Is this the road where the accident happened?
  56. 56. • - Is this the road where the accident happened? • Is this the road the accident happened in?
  57. 57. • - I remember the day when we went on a picnic.
  58. 58. • - I remember the day when we went on a picnic. • I remember the day we went for a picnic in.
  59. 59. • - I want to know the reason why you came late.
  60. 60. • - I want to know the reason why you came late. • I want to know the reason you came late for.
  61. 61. - • is , are , was , to be were , has been , had been ing adjective phrase
  62. 62. • - The car which goes very fast is new. →
  63. 63. • - The car which goes very fast is new. → • The car going very fast is new.
  64. 64. • - The man who lives next door is my father’s friend. →
  65. 65. • - The man who lives next door is my father’s friend. → • The man living next door is my father’s friend.
  66. 66. • - The letters that were written yesterday are over there.
  67. 67. • - The letters that were written yesterday are over there. • The letters written yesterday are over there.
  68. 68. • - The children who were punished by the teacher are in the yard.
  69. 69. • - The children who were punished by the teacher are in the yard. • The children punished by the teacher are in the yard.
  70. 70.
  71. 71. • - •
  72. 72. • - • - •
  73. 73. • - • - • •
  74. 74. • he , she , it ,they him , her , it , them his , her , its , • their , ‘s
  75. 75. EXAMPLE: • 1- The students are very clever . I teach them English .
  76. 76. EXAMPLE: • 1- The students are very clever . I teach them English . • The students who(m)I teach English are very clever .
  77. 77. EXAMPLE: • 2- I am wearing the shoes . My mother bought them for me.
  78. 78. EXAMPLE: • 2- I am wearing the shoes . My mother bought them for me. • I am wearing the shoes which My mother bought for me.
  79. 79. EXAMPLE: • 3- The shirt is in his room . He bought it last week .
  80. 80. EXAMPLE: • 3- The shirt is in his room . He bought it last week . • The shirt (that) He bought last week is in his room .
  81. 81. EXAMPLE: • 4- The men are over there . They were employed by Mr White .
  82. 82. EXAMPLE: • 4- The men are over there . They were employed by Mr White . • The men who were employed by Mr White are over.
  83. 83. EXAMPLE: • 5- There are thousands of tiny light bulbs. They make the city glow.
  84. 84. EXAMPLE: • 5- There are thousands of tiny light bulb. They make the city glow. • There are thousands of tiny light bulbs which make the city glow.
  85. 85. EXAMPLE: • 6- I visited the doctor . I had talked to her before .
  86. 86. EXAMPLE: • 6- I visited the doctor . I had talked to her before . • I visited the doctor (who) I had talked to before .
  87. 87. EXAMPLE: • 7- This is a man . I met him yesterday.
  88. 88. EXAMPLE: • 7- This is a man . I met him yesterday. • This is a man (who) I met yesterday.
  89. 89. EXAMPLE: • 8- This is a man. His son is the best student.
  90. 90. EXAMPLE: • 8- This is a man. His son is the best student. • This is the man whose son is the best student.
  91. 91. EXAMPLE: • 9- Those men work here . Their boss has sold his factory .
  92. 92. EXAMPLE: • 9- Those men work here . Their boss has sold his factory . • Those men whose boss has sold his factory work here .
  93. 93. EXAMPLE: • 10- This is a park .I met her here . → • This is the park where I met her.
  94. 94. EXAMPLE: • 11- We remember the summer. We went to the North that summer.
  95. 95. EXAMPLE: • 11- We remember the summer. We went to the North that summer. • We remember the summer when We went to the North.
  96. 96. EXAMPLE: • 12- This is the reason. He went home because he had finished his work.
  97. 97. EXAMPLE: • 12- This is the reason. He went home because he had finished his work. • This is the reason why He went home .
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