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Relative clauses

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Relative clauses

  1. 1. Relative clauses:
  2. 2. Relative pronouns We use reative pronouns to add a new clause (the relative clause ) to a sentence ej: This is the CD which i bought The woman who wrote that song This is the house where he was born Thas was the day when we arrived
  3. 3. That: we can use that instead of who or which in relative clauses. ej: he is the singer that=(who) i´ve met here´s the album that=(which) we bougth We also use that instead of when in relative clauses ej: i remember the day when i started the school i remember the day that i started the school We can also use that instead on where,but we must add a preposition,of place at the end of the clause ej: this is the house where we lived this is the house that we lived in
  4. 4. Prepositions in Relative clauses: When the verb in a relative clause has a dependent preposition we usually place the preposition at the end of the clause ej: we told you about this song this is the song that we told you about when the relative clause has a preposition of place,we can use: where (whitout the preposition) that/which +preposition ej: this is the restaurant Paul went to it this is the restaurant where Paul went ej: this is the restaurant wich Paul went to this is the restaurant that Paul went to
  5. 5. when the relative clause has a preposition of time,we do not usually which+preposition to refer to time.We use when (whitout the preposition) ej: Tuesday is the day.We usually have a test on this day Tuesday is the day when we usually have a test Tuesday is the day which we usually have a test on Tuesday is the day that we usually have a test on
  6. 6. Omision of Relative pronouns: we can omit the relative pronoun if is the object of the relative clause.If a relative pronoun is followed by another subject+a verb,it is probably the object of a relative clause ej: that´s the guitar(that/which) they gave me we omited the relative pronouns:who/which/that and when ,especially in spoken English ej: that´s the boy (who) Maria is going out with we cannot omit the relative pronoun if it is the subject of the relative clause ej:he is the boy who/that lives near me. we can omit where,but we must add a preposition of place at the end of the clause
  7. 7. Whose: The relative pronound whose refears to possesion ej: they are the childrens .Their mother is a famous singer they are the childrens whose mother is a famous singer We cannot omit the relative pronoun whose in relative clauses BE CAREFUL!BE CAREFUL! Do not confuse whose with who´s ( the contracted form of who is or who has)
  8. 8. Defining and non-definig relative clauses: • Defining relative clauses: definig relative clauses give esssential information about the noun that they follow .whithout the relative clause,we do not know which person ,thing,place or time the speacker is refering to ej: she is the singer who visited my school We can omit the relative pronoun who,which and that when they are the object of the relative clauses
  9. 9. • Non- defining clauses: non-defining relative clauses give extra information which is not essential about the noun that the follow.If we remove the relative clause ,we still know which person,thing place or time the speaker is referring to ej: the band ,who are starting a tour next week, have just released their third album we always use commas to separate the non-defining clause from the rest of the sentence: ej: the tickets ,which cost over €50 each ,are avaible online ej: she was born in Bogotá,which is the capital of Colombia
  10. 10. • We can combine two simple sentences whith a non-defining relative clause : ej: My uncle is called Carl. He´s a singer My uncle,who´s a singer is called Carl my uncle ,who´s called Carl, is a singer (both are correct)

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