1. Diana Alves || 4º B - 2013/14
IES FRAY PEDRO DE URBINA
A Divided Nation...
2.  Abraham Lincoln
 The American Civil War
 Causes of the War
 Effects and Consequences
 Important People
3.  Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in
Hodgenville. He was the 16th president of the United
States from 1861 to 1865, during the Civil War.
 He was from the Republican Party and wanted to abolish
slavery (abolitionist), and that's why the War began with
Southern States, who were pro-slavery.
 He was a good leader both as a president and managing
the war. He replaced his generals multiple times to find
good ones to lead the army in the war.
4.  He was shot on his head five days after he won the Civil War, on April 14, 1865, by
John Wilkes Booth (Confederate and pro-slavery), while watching a play at the
Ford Theatre, and died the next day. He was the first US president to be murdered,
and that led to a period of depression by his supporters. Booth was killed 12 days
after the manhunt began.
John Wilkes Booth
5.  The American Civil War,War of Secession or War Between States, was fought since 1861 until
1865 in the United States between the Northern States, who were against slavery, and the 11
Southern states, who were pro-slavery.
 In the North the President was Abraham Lincoln and in the South, Jefferson Davis.
6. 1.The Fight between Abolitionists (North) and Slave States (South).
As the North became more industrialized because of poor
lands and the South was the other way around, the slaves
were many more in the South, where they lived of
agriculture (mainly cotton plantation) and therefore
depended on slaves.
The Northern States wanted to abolish slavery and give
black men human rights. In the other hand the Southern
States were pro-slavery because, as said before, they
needed slaves to work on their plantations.
7. 2. Economic and Social differences between
the North and the South.
In the South the land was much more fertile than
in the North and they lived mainly of
agriculture: plantation of cotton and tobacco,
and they used lots of African slaves to work on
In the other side, in the North, as the lands were
poor, they became more industrialized and
this difference became also economic because
there was more commercialization and trade.
The North was developing focusing on city life,
while the South continued to hold onto an
antiquate society and based on the plantation
8. 3.The Election of Abraham Lincoln.
After Lincoln won the elections of 1860, the Southern
States issued their "Declaration of the Causes of
Secession", giving the reason why they were
separating from the Union.They believed that
Lincoln was anti-slavery and in favor of Northern
interests.They felt that they were losing
representation so they seceded from the Union,
forming the Confederate States.Their president was
Jefferson DavisConfederate Flag
9. Emancipation Proclamation - On January 1st, 1863, president Lincoln declared all
slaves liberated and free.
Deaths - The Civil War was by far the deadliest war in American history.Well over
600,000 people died.
Reconstruction - The period of time after the Civil War is known as Reconstruction.
During this difficult era, the Southern states were gradually admitted back into the
Union and the areas destroyed during the war were rebuilt.
Lincoln's Death - Five days after he won the war he was murdered in a theatre with
a shot on his head by John Wilkes Booth.
10. • Along the war Abraham Lincoln replaced his generals several times to keep the
best ones he could find to be successful in war.
Ulysses S. Grant
U. S. Grant was the most successful general during the
Civil War. He participated in the Battles of Belmont, Fort
Henry and Fort Donelson. He held this position of general
from 1862 to 1869. He was later president of U.S.
11.  Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman was a runaway slave from
Maryland who became known as the
"Moses of her people". Over the course of
10 years, and at great personal risk, she
led hundreds of slaves to freedom along
the Underground Railroad: a secret
network of safe houses where runaway
slaves could stay on their journey north to
12.  Frederick Douglass
On March 2nd, 1863, abolitionist and former slave Frederick
Douglass sent out a powerful message in his newspaper
"Douglass Monthly“ titled "Men of Color, to Arms!“. It urged
black men to support the nation's war and the crusade to end
generations of slavery. Approximately 180.000 African
American soldiers took up the call to fight for the Union,
comprising more than 10% of all Federal forces. Knowing that a
Northern loss could mean possible reenslavement, freemen
and former slaves showed dedication to their country and a
commitment to the freedom of their people forever.