Basic English Structure


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Basic English Structure

  1. 1. The Foundations of a Sentence BASIC ENGLISH STRUCTURE 1 Peter MangiaracinaV3
  2. 2. Structure of a sentence and examples. Structure of a question and examples. Uses of auxiliaries in sentences and questions. Deconstruction of a question. How a question becomes a sentence. INTRODUCTION 2 Peter Mangiaracina 2
  3. 3. Almost every English sentence can be reduced to these elements: Sentence: Question: Many syntax errors can be avoided by always making sure that you follow these structures. PREFACE 3 Peter Mangiaracina 3
  4. 4. The SUBJECT of a sentence is the thing that does the action. The VERB is the functional verb in a sentence, the one that gets the conjugation for number and tense. The OBJECT can be many things, but it is what is acted upon by the verb. Some verbs do not take objects. A SENTENCE 4 Peter Mangiaracina 4
  5. 5. EXAMPLES 5 SUBJECT VERB OBJECT Robert eats pizza The cars don’t have powerful motors The baby cried (no object) Peter Mangiaracina 5
  6. 6. QUESTION WORD refers to the “who, what, when, etc. of a sentence. QUESTION WORD OBJECT refers to other parts of the question such as “What time, How much, etc.” With simple questions that have “yes” or “no” answers, we start with an AUXILIARY. Each verb tense (present, past, future, etc.) has its own auxiliary or auxiliaries. Note the position of the SUBJECT. It comes right after the auxiliary in a question. That is how you begin when you answer the question. A QUESTION 6 Peter Mangiaracina 6
  7. 7. EXAMPLES 7 Question Word Q-Word Object Auxiliary Subject Verb Object Will she buy the book? What time did the train leave the station? How much money have you made? Where does Harry live? Peter Mangiaracina 7
  8. 8. Used for asking questions - Do you have a pen? Used for short answers - Will you go to Rome this year? - No, I won’t. Used for responding in the negative - No, I didn’t work yesterday. When an auxiliary appears in the sentence (simple present and past), only the auxiliary is conjugated: - I bought a pen. - I didn’t buy a pen. AUXILIARY VERBS 8 Peter Mangiaracina 8
  9. 9. DECONSTRUCTING A QUESTION 9 Peter Mangiaracina 9
  10. 10. HOW A QUESTION BECOMES AN ANSWER 10 Question Answer Peter Mangiaracina 10
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