Causatives and Permissives

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  • Hello. My name is Peter Mangiaracina. I am a psychologist. I have been teaching people to speak English and speak more effectively for more than 25 years. I use a cognitive approach to language learning.\n\nThis presentation deals with a very common structure in English called the Causative.\n
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  • Causatives and Permissives

    1. 1. Causatives and Permissives A Primer Peter Mangiaracina
    2. 2. DisclaimerThe slideshows in this series are not meant to be comprehensive,but rather starting points for further study by Intermediatestudents of ESL (English as a Second Language). Peter Mangiaracina
    3. 3. Causatives/Permissives: Definition We use causatives and permissives when the subject of a sentence does not do an action, but rather causes or permits another agent to do an action. For example, whenever you want, have, allow someone to do something, you are using a causative or permissive. Peter Mangiaracina
    4. 4. TermsSubject: The person who initiates the action.Main (or functional) verb: The verb that getsconjugated (the subject’s verb)Agent: The person who will do the action.Causative verb: The agent’s verbObject: The thing to be acted upon by the agent Peter Mangiaracina
    5. 5. General RulesThere are 3 common structures used.Some main verbs can be used in severalstructures, others are specific to that structure.Causatives and permissives do not usesubordinate clauses. Peter Mangiaracina
    6. 6. Structures Peter Mangiaracina
    7. 7. Causative I Subject Object AgentI have my hair washed at the hair salon (by a hairdresser) Main Verb Causative Verb Passive voice Causative verb is in participle form Agent not always necessary, “by” precedes Peter Mangiaracina
    8. 8. Causative II Subject Agent ObjectI have the hairdresser cut my hair at the hair salon Main Verb Causative Verb Active voice Causative verb is in root form Agent is direct object Peter Mangiaracina
    9. 9. Causative III Subject Agent ObjectI get the hairdresser to cut my hair at the hair salon Main Verb Causative Verb Active voice Causative verb is in infinitive form Agent is direct object Peter Mangiaracina
    10. 10. Common Main Verbs for Causatives and PermissivesCausative I Causative II Causative III have have get get let persuade want make allowwould like want would like Peter Mangiaracina

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