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Punctuating Quotations<br />Direct and indirect speech<br />
Punctuation and Quotations<br />Quotation marks enclose only a direct quotation – <br />one that repeats a person’s exact ...
Punctuation and Quotations<br />Capitalize the first word of every direct quotation because it is the first word of the sp...
Punctuation and Quotations<br />Put a comma between the explanatory word like he said or she said and the quotation mark i...
Punctuation and Quotations<br />When a quotation is interrupted by explanatory words, use two sets of quotation marks.<br ...
Punctuation and Quotations<br />Separate each part of the quotation from the interrupting phrase with marks of punctuation...
Punctuation and Quotations<br />Concluding periods and commas always go inside quotation marks.<br />Examples:<br />“I alw...
Punctuation and Quotations<br />When a question is involved, decide if it is a direct quotation or indirect quotation.<br ...
Punctuation and Quotations<br />Question mark goes inside the quote to show the quotation is a question.<br />ExampleMothe...
Punctuation and Quotations<br />If both the sentence and the quotation are questions, put the question mark inside the quo...
Punctuation and Quotations<br />When a quoted question is at the beginning of a sentence, put the question mark at the end...
Use single quotation marks for quotes within quotes. Note that the period goes inside all quote marks. <br />ExampleHe sai...
Do not use quotation marks with quoted material that is more than three lines in length. The format for that will be anoth...
Punctuation and Quotations<br />In our book No Way Out, the publisher has chosen to use single-quotation marks through the...
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Punctuation And Quotations 2

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Punctuation And Quotations 2

  1. 1. Punctuating Quotations<br />Direct and indirect speech<br />
  2. 2. Punctuation and Quotations<br />Quotation marks enclose only a direct quotation – <br />one that repeats a person’s exact words<br />ExampleDIRECT QUOTATION Pete said, “My toast is burned.” (his exact words)<br />ExampleINDIRECT QUOTATION Pete said that his toast was burned. (someone else’s words)<br />
  3. 3. Punctuation and Quotations<br />Capitalize the first word of every direct quotation because it is the first word of the speaker’s sentence.<br />ExampleBernie replied, “My math book is in the car.”<br />Do not capitalize an indirect quotation.<br />ExampleBernie replied that his math book was in the car. <br />
  4. 4. Punctuation and Quotations<br />Put a comma between the explanatory word like he said or she said and the quotation mark in a direct quotation.<br />ExampleBernie replied, “My math book is in the car.”<br />Do not use any commas to report indirect speech.<br />ExampleBernie replied that his math book was in the car.<br />
  5. 5. Punctuation and Quotations<br />When a quotation is interrupted by explanatory words, use two sets of quotation marks.<br />Example“A thing of beauty,” wrote John Keats,“is a joy forever.”<br />
  6. 6. Punctuation and Quotations<br />Separate each part of the quotation from the interrupting phrase with marks of punctuation before and after the phrase. If the second part of the quotation is a complete sentence, begin it with a capital letter.<br />Example“It wasn’t just that Babe Ruth hit more home runs that anybody else,” said Red Smith.“He hit them better, higher, and farther.”<br />
  7. 7. Punctuation and Quotations<br />Concluding periods and commas always go inside quotation marks.<br />Examples:<br />“I always enjoy speaking to students,” began the speaker.<br />The speaker began, “I always enjoy speaking to the students.”<br />She said, “I have lost my book.”<br />
  8. 8. Punctuation and Quotations<br />When a question is involved, decide if it is a direct quotation or indirect quotation.<br />Direct quotationRoy asked, “When did you arrive?” (Roy’s words)<br />Indirect quotationRoy asked when I arrived. (someone else’s words)<br />
  9. 9. Punctuation and Quotations<br />Question mark goes inside the quote to show the quotation is a question.<br />ExampleMother asked, “Did you feed the dog?” The quotation is a question. The sentence is not.<br />Question mark goes outside the quotation mark to show that the entire sentence, but not the quotation, is a question.<br />ExampleDidn’t Mother say, “Don’t feed the dog”? (The entire sentence is a question; the quotation is not.)<br />
  10. 10. Punctuation and Quotations<br />If both the sentence and the quotation are questions, put the question mark inside the quotation mark.<br />ExampleDidn’t Mother ask, “Did you feed the dog?” <br />Only one ending punctuation mark is used. Ever. Period. Exclamation point! Really? Yes. <br />
  11. 11. Punctuation and Quotations<br />When a quoted question is at the beginning of a sentence, put the question mark at the end of the question. Do not use a comma. The question mark (or exclamation point) displaces the comma normally required.<br />Example“When do we eat?” asked Terry.<br />Example“Watch out for the child!” shouted Fred.<br />Only one ending punctuation mark is used. Does this sound familiar? <br />
  12. 12. Use single quotation marks for quotes within quotes. Note that the period goes inside all quote marks. <br />ExampleHe said, "Danea said, 'Do not treat me that way.'" <br />ExamplePresident John F. Kennedy said, “I am the one person who can truthfully say, ‘I got my job through the New York Times.’”<br />Punctuation and Quotations<br />
  13. 13. Do not use quotation marks with quoted material that is more than three lines in length. The format for that will be another lesson.<br />Although technically this is possible, please do not use colons or semi-colons with quotations. The rules are just too complicated for colons and semi-colons now. They are not used frequently.<br />Punctuation and Quotations<br />
  14. 14. Punctuation and Quotations<br />In our book No Way Out, the publisher has chosen to use single-quotation marks through the text.<br />This is a British method.<br />The most important thing is that the opening and closing quotation marks match each other.<br />For World Lit, please use double-quotation marks and single marks within the double, when necessary.         <br />

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