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Greg Grossmeier http://open.umich.edu Open.Michigan The road to Open Educational Resources
or... creating  interesting and useful  educational materials using openly licensed content
or... why your  students, colleagues, and others  around the world  will thank you  for creating and using openly licensed...
“Openly Licensed Educational Materials” ?
aka: Open Educational Resources
OER
what is OER? why OER? open licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
OA OCW eLearning OER  & Definition by boundaries:
The difference between:   Open Access (OA)  and  OER .
<ul>OA  focuses on sharing content, usually of scholarly nature, without a requirement for the use of an Open license OER ...
OER  and  OA  are friends
free, permanent, full-text, online access to scientific and scholarly works openly licensed educational content OA // OER ...
The difference between: Open Course Ware (OCW)  and  OER .
<ul>OCW  focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically to instruct a course  OER  includes any educationa...
OCW  is a subset of  OER
OCW, single images, general campus lectures, image collections, singular learning modules, paper or article syllabi, lectu...
The difference between: eLearning  and  OER
eLearning   are electronic instructional resources that are not necessarily Openly licensed. OER  materials are designed t...
intersection represents open, electronic, instructional resources eLearning // OER - intersection OER eLearning
“ Openly Licensed?” comes from the definition...
the  OER Definition : “Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for an...
From the  OER Definition : “ Open educational resources are  educational materials  and resources offered freely and openl...
We'll get to licenses later...
what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
benefits of OER:  for faculty
benefits of OER:  for faculty recognition publish and promote their resources connect with other collaborators extend thei...
benefits of OER:  for faculty tenure review board  recognition publish and promote their resources  to impress tenure revi...
benefits of OER:  for the university
The mission of the University of Michigan is to serve the people of Michigan and the world through preeminence in creating...
The mission of the University of Michigan is to   serve the people of   Michigan and the world through   preeminence in   ...
benefits of OER:  for the university <ul><li>share expertise and curricula with other institutions
recruit better students
decrease duplication, increase efficiency
increase U-M’s reputation globally </li></ul>
In another way...
(academia)
 
Journals
Books
Source Code
DATA!
teaching resources
All of these things...
can
and arguably should be
shared.
 
Why?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
All of these things...
were built upon
other people's things. “ standing on the shoulders....”
But how?
Licenses.
Licenses?
Yes, licenses.
what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
There are many types...
Non-Software Licenses: Creative Commons GNU Free Documentation License Software Licenses: GPL Apache BSD
OER  *mostly* uses Creative Commons Licenses
Creative Commons
 
?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but  only if they give you credit. BY :: Attri...
 
You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but  for noncommercial purposes only. NC :: No...
 
You let others copy, distribute, and display your copyrighted work  only if no changes, derivatives, are made. ND :: No de...
 
You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work  as long as any derivative work is licensed un...
Creative Commons: licenses
Public  Domain All Rights Reserved Some rights reserved: a spectrum. least restrictive most restrictive
But...
the  OER Definition : “ Open educational resources are  educational materials  and resources offered freely and openly for...
X X OER  Creative Commons: licenses
X X X X X X Public  Domain All Rights Reserved Some rights reserved: a spectrum for  OER least restrictive most restrictive
Now, the hard part
what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
OER production typically involves three main policy concerns reducing risk
main policy concerns :: copyright  : U.S. law grants limited exclusive rights to authors of creative works ::  endorsement...
Really though, it's mostly
 
Artwork these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Charts
Graphs
Illustrations: Cartoons these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Illustrations: Chemical Representations
Drawings and Diagrams some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Graphics some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Scientific Images
Ads, CD/Book/Movie Covers, Screenshots some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Photographs some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Text: Quotes, Passages, Poems The Mesh We have come to the cross-roads And I must either leave or come with you. I lingere...
:: retainment  : keeping the content because it is licensed under an Open license or is in the public domain :: replacemen...
what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
It's easy, I promise.
Start now  by making a  small change  in  how you create  you r own content.
Mostly: When possible, use only Openly Licensed  (or  Public Domain ) Content
the extra information : author name : link to content : license name : link to license http://open.umich.edu/wiki/Open_Con...
A Phalaenopsis hybrid   CC:BY-SA   Zizonus   (flickr)   http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ Lady Finger Learnin...
Image courtesy of Herbert L. Fred, MD and Hendrik A. van Dijk - < http://cnx.org/content/m14942/latest/ > Creative Commons...
Some “otherwise noted” content <ul><li>The Creative Commons cartoons: CC:BY Ryan Junell
“ IMG_1633” -  sigmaman  -  http://www.flickr.com/photos/sigmaman/3891058119/  - Public Domain
“ christina, cal class of '08” -  bittermelon  -  http://www.flickr.com/photos/bittermelon/2521892649/  - CC:BY-NC
“ The Path of Least Resistance” -  NazarethCollege  -  http://www.flickr.com/photos/nazareth_college/3525764942/  - CC:BY
“ for squirrels and chipmunks, practice makes perfect” -  emdot  -  http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot/56156364/  - CC:BY
“ books in a stack (a stack of books)” -  austinevan  - http://www.flickr.com/photos/austinevan/1225274637/  - CC:BY
“ Real Academia” –  fernando garcía redondo  –  http://www.flickr.com/photos/fgr1986/3787437711/  - CC:BY
“ I Love To Share – 2009” -  creativecommons  -  http://www.flickr.com/photos/creativecommons/3303749499/  - CC:BY
“ and more servers” -  mysterbee  -  http://www.flickr.com/photos/mysterybee/1659329016/  - CC:BY-SA
“ IXS_1916” -  acme  -  http://www.flickr.com/photos/acme/2628554102/  - CC:BY
“ Dr. Kevin Padian talk - From Dinosaurs to Birds: How Did It Happen?” -  mikebaird  -  http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikeb...
When that isn't an option: Use what you need to for class. Remove the unlicensed content when publishing to the web.
License your materials
the extra information : title slide with license : links to content (if applicable) http://open.umich.edu/wiki/Open_Conten...
Creating Open Educational Resources Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a  Creative Commons Attribu...
 
discover content :: standard practice
discover content :: standard practice
:: standard practice : simple search engine results : from colleagues : journals and textbooks discover content
:: revised practice Use Openly Licensed content from: : Google Advanced Search  http://images.google.com/advanced_image_se...
share content :: institutional  : open.michigan  http://open.umich.edu :: web resources : slideshare  http://slideshare.ne...
what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
We help content creators maximize the return on digital resources by helping make these resources free and open for use an...
 
a bit of background.. Fall 2007, the Medical School commits to publishing all of its pre-clinical materials as OER.  All U...
And then from that small first step...
Health OER Disseminates edu cat ional materials to educators, physicians, clinicians, students, and self-learners througho...
Not just health-related
Faculty from: College of Engineering LSA Public Policy Dentistry Education Information Nursing Public Health
What do these OERs look like?
 
 
 
 
 
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The Road to Open Educational Resources

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Talk given to the University of Michigan Health Science Libraries on enabling the creation and sharing of Open Educational Resources, OER.

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  • This isn’t just about being cool or about the content, it’s really about the classroom.
  • The Open.Michigan team can help you make things open so that they can be shared, used, built upon, etc. So that you don’t have to worry about infringing and those who use your work know how they can make use of your material.
  • The Open.Michigan website is the front door to U-M’s Open.Michigan initiative. Web address: http://open.umich.edu
  • In 2007, the Medical School Dean issued a mandate that all pre-clinical materials be made into OER, positioning the University of Michigan as the first Medical School to accomplish this. Deans from Nursing, Pharmacy, Dentistry, and Public Health all pledged their support.
  • The University of Michigan Medical School contributes to the Open Educational Resources (OER) effort, which disseminates educational materials to educators, physicians, clinicians, students, and self-learners throughout the world, free of charge. By enabling global access to our health science education materials — lectures, labs, and other course curricula — through OER, the University of Michigan Medical School is improving health education and health care delivery within the University, the State of Michigan, and worldwide. Through funding from several philanthropic foundations, the University of Michigan Medical School is contributing to this global OER effort and building national and international visibility for the excellence of our educational materials and research.
  • The https://open.umich.edu/education/ page is the front door for the OER component of the Open.Michigan initiative.
  • The https://open.umich.edu/education/ page is the front door for the OER component of the Open.Michigan initiative.
  • Transcript of "The Road to Open Educational Resources"

    1. 1. Greg Grossmeier http://open.umich.edu Open.Michigan The road to Open Educational Resources
    2. 2. or... creating interesting and useful educational materials using openly licensed content
    3. 3. or... why your students, colleagues, and others around the world will thank you for creating and using openly licensed educational materials
    4. 4. “Openly Licensed Educational Materials” ?
    5. 5. aka: Open Educational Resources
    6. 6. OER
    7. 7. what is OER? why OER? open licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
    8. 8. OA OCW eLearning OER & Definition by boundaries:
    9. 9. The difference between: Open Access (OA) and OER .
    10. 10. <ul>OA focuses on sharing content, usually of scholarly nature, without a requirement for the use of an Open license OER includes any educational content that is shared under an Open license </ul>
    11. 11. OER and OA are friends
    12. 12. free, permanent, full-text, online access to scientific and scholarly works openly licensed educational content OA // OER - buddies OA OER
    13. 13. The difference between: Open Course Ware (OCW) and OER .
    14. 14. <ul>OCW focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically to instruct a course OER includes any educational content that is shared under an open license, whether or not it is a part of a course </ul>
    15. 15. OCW is a subset of OER
    16. 16. OCW, single images, general campus lectures, image collections, singular learning modules, paper or article syllabi, lecture notes, presentation slides, assignments, lecture videos - all related to a course OCW // OER - overlap OER OCW
    17. 17. The difference between: eLearning and OER
    18. 18. eLearning are electronic instructional resources that are not necessarily Openly licensed. OER materials are designed to be the physical or electronic building blocks of instructional resources and are always Openly licensed. OER and eLearning: a relationship.
    19. 19. intersection represents open, electronic, instructional resources eLearning // OER - intersection OER eLearning
    20. 20. “ Openly Licensed?” comes from the definition...
    21. 21. the OER Definition : “Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to remix, improve and redistribute.”
    22. 22. From the OER Definition : “ Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to remix, improve and redistribute.”
    23. 23. We'll get to licenses later...
    24. 24. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
    25. 25. benefits of OER: for faculty
    26. 26. benefits of OER: for faculty recognition publish and promote their resources connect with other collaborators extend their reach and visibility
    27. 27. benefits of OER: for faculty tenure review board recognition publish and promote their resources to impress tenure review boards connect with other collaborators extend their reach and visibility to impress tenure review boards
    28. 28. benefits of OER: for the university
    29. 29. The mission of the University of Michigan is to serve the people of Michigan and the world through preeminence in creating, communicating, preserving and applying knowledge, art, and academic values, and in developing leaders and citizens who will challenge the present and enrich the future. benefits of OER: for the university
    30. 30. The mission of the University of Michigan is to serve the people of Michigan and the world through preeminence in creating, communicating, preserving and applying knowledge , art, and academic values, and in developing leaders and citizens who will challenge the present and enrich the future. benefits of OER: for the university
    31. 31. benefits of OER: for the university <ul><li>share expertise and curricula with other institutions
    32. 32. recruit better students
    33. 33. decrease duplication, increase efficiency
    34. 34. increase U-M’s reputation globally </li></ul>
    35. 35. In another way...
    36. 36. (academia)
    37. 38. Journals
    38. 39. Books
    39. 40. Source Code
    40. 41. DATA!
    41. 42. teaching resources
    42. 43. All of these things...
    43. 44. can
    44. 45. and arguably should be
    45. 46. shared.
    46. 48. Why?
    47. 57. All of these things...
    48. 58. were built upon
    49. 59. other people's things. “ standing on the shoulders....”
    50. 60. But how?
    51. 61. Licenses.
    52. 62. Licenses?
    53. 63. Yes, licenses.
    54. 64. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
    55. 65. There are many types...
    56. 66. Non-Software Licenses: Creative Commons GNU Free Documentation License Software Licenses: GPL Apache BSD
    57. 67. OER *mostly* uses Creative Commons Licenses
    58. 68. Creative Commons
    59. 70. ?
    60. 79. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but only if they give you credit. BY :: Attribution
    61. 81. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but for noncommercial purposes only. NC :: Noncommercial
    62. 83. You let others copy, distribute, and display your copyrighted work only if no changes, derivatives, are made. ND :: No derivatives
    63. 85. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work as long as any derivative work is licensed under the same license. SA :: Share Alike
    64. 86. Creative Commons: licenses
    65. 87. Public Domain All Rights Reserved Some rights reserved: a spectrum. least restrictive most restrictive
    66. 88. But...
    67. 89. the OER Definition : “ Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to re-mix, improve and redistribute.”
    68. 90. X X OER Creative Commons: licenses
    69. 91. X X X X X X Public Domain All Rights Reserved Some rights reserved: a spectrum for OER least restrictive most restrictive
    70. 92. Now, the hard part
    71. 93. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
    72. 94. OER production typically involves three main policy concerns reducing risk
    73. 95. main policy concerns :: copyright : U.S. law grants limited exclusive rights to authors of creative works :: endorsement : avoiding the appearance of endorsing a 3 rd party :: p rivacy : the protection of patient and student privacy
    74. 96. Really though, it's mostly
    75. 98. Artwork these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    76. 99. Charts
    77. 100. Graphs
    78. 101. Illustrations: Cartoons these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    79. 102. Illustrations: Chemical Representations
    80. 103. Drawings and Diagrams some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    81. 104. Graphics some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    82. 105. Scientific Images
    83. 106. Ads, CD/Book/Movie Covers, Screenshots some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    84. 107. Photographs some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    85. 108. Text: Quotes, Passages, Poems The Mesh We have come to the cross-roads And I must either leave or come with you. I lingered over the choice But in the darkness of my doubts You lifted the lamp of love And I saw in your face The road that I should take. - Kwesi Brew some of these excerpts used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    86. 109. :: retainment : keeping the content because it is licensed under an Open license or is in the public domain :: replacement : you may want to replace content that is not Openly licensed (and thus not shareable) :: removal : you may need to remove content due to privacy, endorsement or copyright concerns dealing with issues
    87. 110. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
    88. 111. It's easy, I promise.
    89. 112. Start now by making a small change in how you create you r own content.
    90. 113. Mostly: When possible, use only Openly Licensed (or Public Domain ) Content
    91. 114. the extra information : author name : link to content : license name : link to license http://open.umich.edu/wiki/Open_Content_How-to
    92. 115. A Phalaenopsis hybrid CC:BY-SA Zizonus (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ Lady Finger Learning about Orchids phalaenopsis CC:BY audreyjm529 (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Phalaenopsis Lady Finger Orchid CC:BY aussiegall (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ A Phalaenopsis hybrid
    93. 116. Image courtesy of Herbert L. Fred, MD and Hendrik A. van Dijk - < http://cnx.org/content/m14942/latest/ > Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License < http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ >
    94. 117. Some “otherwise noted” content <ul><li>The Creative Commons cartoons: CC:BY Ryan Junell
    95. 118. “ IMG_1633” - sigmaman - http://www.flickr.com/photos/sigmaman/3891058119/ - Public Domain
    96. 119. “ christina, cal class of '08” - bittermelon - http://www.flickr.com/photos/bittermelon/2521892649/ - CC:BY-NC
    97. 120. “ The Path of Least Resistance” - NazarethCollege - http://www.flickr.com/photos/nazareth_college/3525764942/ - CC:BY
    98. 121. “ for squirrels and chipmunks, practice makes perfect” - emdot - http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot/56156364/ - CC:BY
    99. 122. “ books in a stack (a stack of books)” - austinevan - http://www.flickr.com/photos/austinevan/1225274637/ - CC:BY
    100. 123. “ Real Academia” – fernando garcía redondo – http://www.flickr.com/photos/fgr1986/3787437711/ - CC:BY
    101. 124. “ I Love To Share – 2009” - creativecommons - http://www.flickr.com/photos/creativecommons/3303749499/ - CC:BY
    102. 125. “ and more servers” - mysterbee - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mysterybee/1659329016/ - CC:BY-SA
    103. 126. “ IXS_1916” - acme - http://www.flickr.com/photos/acme/2628554102/ - CC:BY
    104. 127. “ Dr. Kevin Padian talk - From Dinosaurs to Birds: How Did It Happen?” - mikebaird - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikebaird/2208087847/ - CC:BY </li></ul>
    105. 128. When that isn't an option: Use what you need to for class. Remove the unlicensed content when publishing to the web.
    106. 129. License your materials
    107. 130. the extra information : title slide with license : links to content (if applicable) http://open.umich.edu/wiki/Open_Content_How-to
    108. 131. Creating Open Educational Resources Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. / November 9, 2009 / a Presentation to SPH Faculty Copyright © 2009 The Regents of the University of Michigan Greg Grossmeier http://open.umich.edu
    109. 133. discover content :: standard practice
    110. 134. discover content :: standard practice
    111. 135. :: standard practice : simple search engine results : from colleagues : journals and textbooks discover content
    112. 136. :: revised practice Use Openly Licensed content from: : Google Advanced Search http://images.google.com/advanced_image_search : discoverEd http://discovered.creativecommons.org : Creative Commons http://search.creativecommons.org : Flickr http://flickr.com/creativecommons/ : Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org : Your Own Content licensed discover content
    113. 137. share content :: institutional : open.michigan http://open.umich.edu :: web resources : slideshare http://slideshare.net : Internet Archive http://archive.org : flickr http://flickr.com
    114. 138. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
    115. 139. We help content creators maximize the return on digital resources by helping make these resources free and open for use and reuse by people worldwide. a student driven do-it-yourself and distributed method of generating OER Open Source Software used to manage the process of generating OER
    116. 141. a bit of background.. Fall 2007, the Medical School commits to publishing all of its pre-clinical materials as OER. All U-M health science deans pledge their support
    117. 142. And then from that small first step...
    118. 143. Health OER Disseminates edu cat ional materials to educators, physicians, clinicians, students, and self-learners throughout the world, free of charge. Enables global access to our health science education materials: lectures, labs, and other course curricula. Improves health education and health care delivery within the University, the State of Michigan, and worldwide.
    119. 144. Not just health-related
    120. 145. Faculty from: College of Engineering LSA Public Policy Dentistry Education Information Nursing Public Health
    121. 146. What do these OERs look like?
    122. 158. “ This is a really good presentation. Very clear and I like your examples and excel sheet calculations. Thank you for the great lecture.” “ My teacher did not explain as clear as you did.” “ Thanks for this video. Very well explained and with examples.”
    123. 159. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
    124. 160. who to talk to :: we can help you make OER : open.michigan team - [email_address] : U-M copyright office - [email_address] : Other Librarians
    125. 161. OER Let’s do it right from the start. CC: BY-SA Phil McElhinney (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/philmcelhinney/1000986005 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/
    126. 162. Questions? grossmei@umich.edu open.umich.edu lib.umich.edu/copyright
    127. 163. Find more material online at http://open.umich.edu/wiki/
    128. 164. Some “otherwise noted” content <ul><li>The Creative Commons cartoons: CC:BY Ryan Junell
    129. 165. “ IMG_1633” - sigmaman - http://www.flickr.com/photos/sigmaman/3891058119/ - Public Domain
    130. 166. “ christina, cal class of '08” - bittermelon - http://www.flickr.com/photos/bittermelon/2521892649/ - CC:BY-NC
    131. 167. “ The Path of Least Resistance” - NazarethCollege - http://www.flickr.com/photos/nazareth_college/3525764942/ - CC:BY
    132. 168. “ for squirrels and chipmunks, practice makes perfect” - emdot - http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot/56156364/ - CC:BY
    133. 169. “ books in a stack (a stack of books)” - austinevan - http://www.flickr.com/photos/austinevan/1225274637/ - CC:BY
    134. 170. “ Real Academia” – fernando garcía redondo – http://www.flickr.com/photos/fgr1986/3787437711/ - CC:BY
    135. 171. “ I Love To Share – 2009” - creativecommons - http://www.flickr.com/photos/creativecommons/3303749499/ - CC:BY
    136. 172. “ and more servers” - mysterbee - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mysterybee/1659329016/ - CC:BY-SA
    137. 173. “ IXS_1916” - acme - http://www.flickr.com/photos/acme/2628554102/ - CC:BY
    138. 174. “ Dr. Kevin Padian talk - From Dinosaurs to Birds: How Did It Happen?” - mikebaird - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikebaird/2208087847/ - CC:BY </li></ul>
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