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The Road to Open Educational Resources
 

The Road to Open Educational Resources

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Talk given to the University of Michigan Health Science Libraries on enabling the creation and sharing of Open Educational Resources, OER.

Talk given to the University of Michigan Health Science Libraries on enabling the creation and sharing of Open Educational Resources, OER.

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  • This isn’t just about being cool or about the content, it’s really about the classroom.
  • The Open.Michigan team can help you make things open so that they can be shared, used, built upon, etc. So that you don’t have to worry about infringing and those who use your work know how they can make use of your material.
  • The Open.Michigan website is the front door to U-M’s Open.Michigan initiative. Web address: http://open.umich.edu
  • In 2007, the Medical School Dean issued a mandate that all pre-clinical materials be made into OER, positioning the University of Michigan as the first Medical School to accomplish this. Deans from Nursing, Pharmacy, Dentistry, and Public Health all pledged their support.
  • The University of Michigan Medical School contributes to the Open Educational Resources (OER) effort, which disseminates educational materials to educators, physicians, clinicians, students, and self-learners throughout the world, free of charge. By enabling global access to our health science education materials — lectures, labs, and other course curricula — through OER, the University of Michigan Medical School is improving health education and health care delivery within the University, the State of Michigan, and worldwide. Through funding from several philanthropic foundations, the University of Michigan Medical School is contributing to this global OER effort and building national and international visibility for the excellence of our educational materials and research.
  • The https://open.umich.edu/education/ page is the front door for the OER component of the Open.Michigan initiative.
  • The https://open.umich.edu/education/ page is the front door for the OER component of the Open.Michigan initiative.

The Road to Open Educational Resources The Road to Open Educational Resources Presentation Transcript

  • Greg Grossmeier http://open.umich.edu Open.Michigan The road to Open Educational Resources
  • or... creating interesting and useful educational materials using openly licensed content
  • or... why your students, colleagues, and others around the world will thank you for creating and using openly licensed educational materials
  • “Openly Licensed Educational Materials” ?
  • aka: Open Educational Resources
  • OER
  • what is OER? why OER? open licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  • OA OCW eLearning OER & Definition by boundaries:
  • The difference between: Open Access (OA) and OER .
    • OA focuses on sharing content, usually of scholarly nature, without a requirement for the use of an Open license OER includes any educational content that is shared under an Open license
  • OER and OA are friends
  • free, permanent, full-text, online access to scientific and scholarly works openly licensed educational content OA // OER - buddies OA OER
  • The difference between: Open Course Ware (OCW) and OER .
    • OCW focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically to instruct a course OER includes any educational content that is shared under an open license, whether or not it is a part of a course
  • OCW is a subset of OER
  • OCW, single images, general campus lectures, image collections, singular learning modules, paper or article syllabi, lecture notes, presentation slides, assignments, lecture videos - all related to a course OCW // OER - overlap OER OCW
  • The difference between: eLearning and OER
  • eLearning are electronic instructional resources that are not necessarily Openly licensed. OER materials are designed to be the physical or electronic building blocks of instructional resources and are always Openly licensed. OER and eLearning: a relationship.
  • intersection represents open, electronic, instructional resources eLearning // OER - intersection OER eLearning
  • “ Openly Licensed?” comes from the definition...
  • the OER Definition : “Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to remix, improve and redistribute.”
  • From the OER Definition : “ Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to remix, improve and redistribute.”
  • We'll get to licenses later...
  • what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  • benefits of OER: for faculty
  • benefits of OER: for faculty recognition publish and promote their resources connect with other collaborators extend their reach and visibility
  • benefits of OER: for faculty tenure review board recognition publish and promote their resources to impress tenure review boards connect with other collaborators extend their reach and visibility to impress tenure review boards
  • benefits of OER: for the university
  • The mission of the University of Michigan is to serve the people of Michigan and the world through preeminence in creating, communicating, preserving and applying knowledge, art, and academic values, and in developing leaders and citizens who will challenge the present and enrich the future. benefits of OER: for the university
  • The mission of the University of Michigan is to serve the people of Michigan and the world through preeminence in creating, communicating, preserving and applying knowledge , art, and academic values, and in developing leaders and citizens who will challenge the present and enrich the future. benefits of OER: for the university
  • benefits of OER: for the university
    • share expertise and curricula with other institutions
    • recruit better students
    • decrease duplication, increase efficiency
    • increase U-M’s reputation globally
  • In another way...
  • (academia)
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  • Journals
  • Books
  • Source Code
  • DATA!
  • teaching resources
  • All of these things...
  • can
  • and arguably should be
  • shared.
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  • Why?
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  • All of these things...
  • were built upon
  • other people's things. “ standing on the shoulders....”
  • But how?
  • Licenses.
  • Licenses?
  • Yes, licenses.
  • what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  • There are many types...
  • Non-Software Licenses: Creative Commons GNU Free Documentation License Software Licenses: GPL Apache BSD
  • OER *mostly* uses Creative Commons Licenses
  • Creative Commons
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  • You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but only if they give you credit. BY :: Attribution
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  • You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but for noncommercial purposes only. NC :: Noncommercial
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  • You let others copy, distribute, and display your copyrighted work only if no changes, derivatives, are made. ND :: No derivatives
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  • You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work as long as any derivative work is licensed under the same license. SA :: Share Alike
  • Creative Commons: licenses
  • Public Domain All Rights Reserved Some rights reserved: a spectrum. least restrictive most restrictive
  • But...
  • the OER Definition : “ Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to re-mix, improve and redistribute.”
  • X X OER Creative Commons: licenses
  • X X X X X X Public Domain All Rights Reserved Some rights reserved: a spectrum for OER least restrictive most restrictive
  • Now, the hard part
  • what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  • OER production typically involves three main policy concerns reducing risk
  • main policy concerns :: copyright : U.S. law grants limited exclusive rights to authors of creative works :: endorsement : avoiding the appearance of endorsing a 3 rd party :: p rivacy : the protection of patient and student privacy
  • Really though, it's mostly
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  • Artwork these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  • Charts
  • Graphs
  • Illustrations: Cartoons these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  • Illustrations: Chemical Representations
  • Drawings and Diagrams some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  • Graphics some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  • Scientific Images
  • Ads, CD/Book/Movie Covers, Screenshots some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  • Photographs some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  • Text: Quotes, Passages, Poems The Mesh We have come to the cross-roads And I must either leave or come with you. I lingered over the choice But in the darkness of my doubts You lifted the lamp of love And I saw in your face The road that I should take. - Kwesi Brew some of these excerpts used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  • :: retainment : keeping the content because it is licensed under an Open license or is in the public domain :: replacement : you may want to replace content that is not Openly licensed (and thus not shareable) :: removal : you may need to remove content due to privacy, endorsement or copyright concerns dealing with issues
  • what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  • It's easy, I promise.
  • Start now by making a small change in how you create you r own content.
  • Mostly: When possible, use only Openly Licensed (or Public Domain ) Content
  • the extra information : author name : link to content : license name : link to license http://open.umich.edu/wiki/Open_Content_How-to
  • A Phalaenopsis hybrid CC:BY-SA Zizonus (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ Lady Finger Learning about Orchids phalaenopsis CC:BY audreyjm529 (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Phalaenopsis Lady Finger Orchid CC:BY aussiegall (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ A Phalaenopsis hybrid
  • Image courtesy of Herbert L. Fred, MD and Hendrik A. van Dijk - < http://cnx.org/content/m14942/latest/ > Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License < http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ >
  • Some “otherwise noted” content
    • The Creative Commons cartoons: CC:BY Ryan Junell
    • “ IMG_1633” - sigmaman - http://www.flickr.com/photos/sigmaman/3891058119/ - Public Domain
    • “ christina, cal class of '08” - bittermelon - http://www.flickr.com/photos/bittermelon/2521892649/ - CC:BY-NC
    • “ The Path of Least Resistance” - NazarethCollege - http://www.flickr.com/photos/nazareth_college/3525764942/ - CC:BY
    • “ for squirrels and chipmunks, practice makes perfect” - emdot - http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot/56156364/ - CC:BY
    • “ books in a stack (a stack of books)” - austinevan - http://www.flickr.com/photos/austinevan/1225274637/ - CC:BY
    • “ Real Academia” – fernando garcía redondo – http://www.flickr.com/photos/fgr1986/3787437711/ - CC:BY
    • “ I Love To Share – 2009” - creativecommons - http://www.flickr.com/photos/creativecommons/3303749499/ - CC:BY
    • “ and more servers” - mysterbee - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mysterybee/1659329016/ - CC:BY-SA
    • “ IXS_1916” - acme - http://www.flickr.com/photos/acme/2628554102/ - CC:BY
    • “ Dr. Kevin Padian talk - From Dinosaurs to Birds: How Did It Happen?” - mikebaird - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikebaird/2208087847/ - CC:BY
  • When that isn't an option: Use what you need to for class. Remove the unlicensed content when publishing to the web.
  • License your materials
  • the extra information : title slide with license : links to content (if applicable) http://open.umich.edu/wiki/Open_Content_How-to
  • Creating Open Educational Resources Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. / November 9, 2009 / a Presentation to SPH Faculty Copyright © 2009 The Regents of the University of Michigan Greg Grossmeier http://open.umich.edu
  •  
  • discover content :: standard practice
  • discover content :: standard practice
  • :: standard practice : simple search engine results : from colleagues : journals and textbooks discover content
  • :: revised practice Use Openly Licensed content from: : Google Advanced Search http://images.google.com/advanced_image_search : discoverEd http://discovered.creativecommons.org : Creative Commons http://search.creativecommons.org : Flickr http://flickr.com/creativecommons/ : Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org : Your Own Content licensed discover content
  • share content :: institutional : open.michigan http://open.umich.edu :: web resources : slideshare http://slideshare.net : Internet Archive http://archive.org : flickr http://flickr.com
  • what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  • We help content creators maximize the return on digital resources by helping make these resources free and open for use and reuse by people worldwide. a student driven do-it-yourself and distributed method of generating OER Open Source Software used to manage the process of generating OER
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  • a bit of background.. Fall 2007, the Medical School commits to publishing all of its pre-clinical materials as OER. All U-M health science deans pledge their support
  • And then from that small first step...
  • Health OER Disseminates edu cat ional materials to educators, physicians, clinicians, students, and self-learners throughout the world, free of charge. Enables global access to our health science education materials: lectures, labs, and other course curricula. Improves health education and health care delivery within the University, the State of Michigan, and worldwide.
  • Not just health-related
  • Faculty from: College of Engineering LSA Public Policy Dentistry Education Information Nursing Public Health
  • What do these OERs look like?
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  • “ This is a really good presentation. Very clear and I like your examples and excel sheet calculations. Thank you for the great lecture.” “ My teacher did not explain as clear as you did.” “ Thanks for this video. Very well explained and with examples.”
  • what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  • who to talk to :: we can help you make OER : open.michigan team - [email_address] : U-M copyright office - [email_address] : Other Librarians
  • OER Let’s do it right from the start. CC: BY-SA Phil McElhinney (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/philmcelhinney/1000986005 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/
  • Questions? grossmei@umich.edu open.umich.edu lib.umich.edu/copyright
  • Find more material online at http://open.umich.edu/wiki/
  • Some “otherwise noted” content
    • The Creative Commons cartoons: CC:BY Ryan Junell
    • “ IMG_1633” - sigmaman - http://www.flickr.com/photos/sigmaman/3891058119/ - Public Domain
    • “ christina, cal class of '08” - bittermelon - http://www.flickr.com/photos/bittermelon/2521892649/ - CC:BY-NC
    • “ The Path of Least Resistance” - NazarethCollege - http://www.flickr.com/photos/nazareth_college/3525764942/ - CC:BY
    • “ for squirrels and chipmunks, practice makes perfect” - emdot - http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot/56156364/ - CC:BY
    • “ books in a stack (a stack of books)” - austinevan - http://www.flickr.com/photos/austinevan/1225274637/ - CC:BY
    • “ Real Academia” – fernando garcía redondo – http://www.flickr.com/photos/fgr1986/3787437711/ - CC:BY
    • “ I Love To Share – 2009” - creativecommons - http://www.flickr.com/photos/creativecommons/3303749499/ - CC:BY
    • “ and more servers” - mysterbee - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mysterybee/1659329016/ - CC:BY-SA
    • “ IXS_1916” - acme - http://www.flickr.com/photos/acme/2628554102/ - CC:BY
    • “ Dr. Kevin Padian talk - From Dinosaurs to Birds: How Did It Happen?” - mikebaird - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikebaird/2208087847/ - CC:BY