Open Educational Resources

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What are OERs? Why OERs? How to develop OERs? What are open licences? WikiEducator and OER Foundation.

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Open Educational Resources

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources Ramesh Sharma
  2. 2. Jamia Millia Islamia Academic Staff College9 November 2012
  3. 3. Come…let’s think!What is OER?Why OER?What are open licenses?What are challenges?How to create OER?OER FoundationWikiEducator Image source: http://www.bihardays.com/
  4. 4. Have you heard about some of these terms: Open Acess Open Content Open Course ware Open Source Software Open Education / e-Learning Open Educational Resources …and many more things
  5. 5. Open Access focuses on sharing content, usually ofscholarly nature, without a requirement for the useof an Open license
  6. 6. Open AccessOpen-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge, andfree of most copyright and licensing restrictions.OA removes price barriers (subscriptions, licensing fees, pay-per-view fees) andpermission barriers (most copyright and licensing restrictions). http://bit.ly/oa-overview Peter Suber Director, Harvard Open Access Project
  7. 7. open content / open practices http://oersynthesis.jiscinvolve.org/wp/tag/open-content/
  8. 8. Open Course Ware (OCW) Sharing open contentthat is developed specifically for a course offering
  9. 9. syllabi, lecture notes, presentation slides,OCW assignments, lecture videos - all related to a course
  10. 10. eLearning
  11. 11. Come…let’s think!What is OER?Why OER?What are open licenses?What are challenges?How to create OER?OER FoundationWikiEducator Image source: http://www.bihardays.com/
  12. 12. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) defines OpenEducational Resources (OER) as ‘materials offered freelyand openly to use and adapt for teaching, learning,development and research’.http://www.col.org/resources/crsMaterials/Pages/OCW-OER.aspx
  13. 13. Open Educational Resources (OER) are teachingand learning materials that are freely availableonline for everyone to use, whether you are aninstructor, student or self-learner. Examples of OERinclude: full courses, course modules, syllabi,lectures, homework assignments, quizzes, lab andclassroom activities, pedagogical materials, games,simulations, and many more resources contained indigital media collections from around the world.OER Commonshttp://www.oercommons.org/
  14. 14. OER further defined…Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning, andresearch resources that reside in the public domain or have beenreleased under an intellectual property license that permits their freeuse or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources includefull courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos,tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used tosupport access to knowledge (Atkins, Brown, & Hammond, 2007).Atkins, D.E., Brown, J.S. & Hammond, A.L. (February 2007). A Review ofthe Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement: Achievements,Challenges, and New Opportunities. Report to The William and FloraHewlett Foundation. p. 4.Cited at http://wikieducator.org/Educators_care/Defining_OER
  15. 15. OER defined:OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside inthe public domain or have been released under an intellectualproperty license that permits their free use and re-purposing byothers. Open educational resources include full courses, coursematerials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software,and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to supportaccess to knowledge. - The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  16. 16. Open Educational Resourcesfree and openly licensed educational materials that can be used for•teaching,•learning,•research, and•other purposes.The term was first used at a UNESCO conference in 2002, althoughOERs were being produced and used before that time. For instance,the MIT OpenCourseWare project, which began in 2001, was one ofthe first major initiatives of the OER movement.
  17. 17. Types of Open Educational Resources • Courses, • Course materials, • Content modules, • Learning objects, • Collections, and • Journals
  18. 18. Come…let’s think!What is OER?Why OER?What are open licenses?What are challenges?How to create OER?OER FoundationWikiEducator Image source: http://www.bihardays.com/
  19. 19. Come…let’s think!What is OER?Why OER?What are open licenses?What are challenges?How to create OER?OER FoundationWikiEducator Image source: http://www.bihardays.com/
  20. 20. There are many types...
  21. 21. Creative Commons: licenses
  22. 22. Creative Commons
  23. 23. What are open licenses?
  24. 24. Freedom ~ Restrictions: a spectrum Public All Rights Domain Reservedleast restrictive most restrictive
  25. 25. Come…let’s think!What is OER?Why OER?What are open licenses?What are challenges?How to create OER?OER FoundationWikiEducator Image source: http://www.bihardays.com/
  26. 26. http://wikieducator.org/images/d/d7/PID_386.pdf
  27. 27. http://knowledgecommission.gov.in/downloads/documents/wg_open_course.pdf
  28. 28. Come…let’s think!What is OER?Why OER?What are open licenses?What are challenges?How to create OER?OER FoundationWikiEducator Image source: http://www.bihardays.com/
  29. 29. * Google Image Searchhttp://images.google.com/advanced_image_search* discoverEd http://discovered.creativecommons.org* Creative Commons http://search.creativecommons.org* Flickr http://flickr.com/creativecommons/* Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org 45
  30. 30. Come…let’s think!What is OER?Why OER?What are open licenses?What are challenges?How to create OER?OER FoundationWikiEducator Image source: http://www.bihardays.com/
  31. 31. Come…let’s think!What is OER?Why OER?What are open licenses?What are challenges?How to create OER?OER FoundationWikiEducator Image source: http://www.bihardays.com/
  32. 32. http://wikieducator.org/Main_Page
  33. 33. Thank You!

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