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Building Understanding of Open Education: An Overview of the Impact of OER on Teaching & Learning

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An update on the @OER_Hub research, presented at OER15, Cardiff, April 2015.

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Building Understanding of Open Education: An Overview of the Impact of OER on Teaching & Learning

  1. 1. Building Understanding of Open Education: An Overview of the Impact of OER on Teaching & Learning B. de los Arcos, R. Farrow, B. Pitt, M. Weller oerresearchhub.org @OER_Hub
  2. 2. tinyurl.com/OERevidence Photo CC BY-SA 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/y59xh
  3. 3. Keyword Hypothesis Performance OER improve student performance/satisfaction Openness People use OER differently from other online materials Access OER widen participation in education Retention OER can help at-risk learners to finish their studies Reflection OER use leads educators to reflect on their practice Finance OER adoption brings financial benefits for students/institutions Indicators Informal learners use a variety of indicators when selecting OER Support Informal learners develop their own forms of study support Transition OER support informal learners in moving to formal study Policy OER use encourages institutions to change their policies Assessment Informal assessments motivate learners using OER
  4. 4. Project Co-PILOT
  5. 5. Photo CC BY-NC 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/dSHr87 Data • 20+ surveys; • 60+ interviews with educators OER experts & learners; • 6 focus groups; • impact statements
  6. 6. Sample Photo CC BY-SA 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/y59xh
  7. 7. 7,498 responses from 182 countries: 44.4% informal learners, 28.4% formal learners, 24.3% educators, 2.9% librarians; 50.7% female; 48.3% male; 65% speakers of English as first language; 11% declare a disability; 34% hold a postgraduate degree; 35% use OER in Science.
  8. 8. Photo CC BY-SA 2.0 marfis75 https://flic.kr/p/o4Hice PhotoCCBY-NC2.0AlexProimoshttps://flic.kr/p/dgqpwt
  9. 9. ‘OER increase student satisfaction with the learning experience’ % % %
  10. 10. ‘OER lead to improved student grades’ % %
  11. 11. Impact of OER on student performance: non-grade related aspects
  12. 12. “Over the course of an entire semester all the kids turned in on average 82% of their homework, which is significant for me as an instructor because that made me feel that what I was asking them to do at home, (…) whatever it happened to be, that they saw the meaning in doing that.” “The greatest impact comes when I share the MERLOT website with students. They instantly connect with others who share their best practices. Then they develop their own best practices to share with their students and colleagues. There is such a great ripple effect when people are willing to share; especially when the information is easy to locate.”
  13. 13. Photo CC BY-SA 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/5BZgEa Photo CC BY 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/6EuSQZ
  14. 14. Photo CC BY-SA 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/5BZgEa 79.8% of educators adapt OER to suit their needs
  15. 15. OER allow educators to better accommodate diverse learner needs
  16. 16. “The problem where I teach now is that we have no money; my textbooks, my Science textbooks are 20 years old, they’re so outdated, they don’t relate to kids (...) so I pick and pull from a lot of different places to base my units.” “I will maybe look and find an instructional video that’s maybe 2 or 3 minutes long that gets to the point better than I could, and I would use it, or I will look for lessons and if they are for Grade 5 or Grade 3 I don’t use all of it, I just adapt it, I take out what I don’t want and rearrange it.” “What I do is I look at a lot of free resources but I don’t usually give them directly to my students because I usually don’t like them as much as something I would create, so what I do is I get a lot of ideas.”
  17. 17. • I’ve created resources for teaching 38% • I’ve created resources and published them online under an open license 15% • I have added a resource to a repository 27%
  18. 18. Use of repositories
  19. 19. Reflection Photo CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/p3ABbW
  20. 20. ‘I use a broader range of teaching & learning methods’ 64% ‘I reflect more on the way that I teach’ 59% ‘I have broadened my coverage of the curriculum’ 59% ‘I more frequently compare my teaching with others’ 44.5%
  21. 21. “It used to be that when I thought about preparing for a lesson I would look at a book and see what they did and I then would kind of teach a lesson similar to it but now I can go online watch a video or look at somebody else’s material that they put out there, see what they’re doing and either modify what they’re doing and bring it into my classroom or just get a totally different perspective on it and allow my students to get multiple perspectives on a topic.”
  22. 22. Photo CC BY-SA 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/aFDkRt
  23. 23. Do students save money using OER? %
  24. 24. Do institutions save money using OER?
  25. 25. “Down the road they may. Students talk to other potential students. When they find out that teachers care about cost and readability, they are more likely to choose your college” “Since we are all using online version, the school saves a lot of paper and money” “Without any doubt my students are saving money! Only one has purchased a copy of the textbook - everyone else uses their laptop, tablet, or prints out what they want.”
  26. 26. Photo CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/5eN7TU
  27. 27. 57% of informal learners already have a degree 41% of formal learners used OER to try university- content level before signing up for a paid-for course 89% of all learners choose OER for the opportunity to study at no cost
  28. 28. Thank you OER_Research_Hub@open.ac.uk @OER_Hub
  29. 29. in service of The Open University

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