“Open Educational Resources are teaching,
learning, and research resources released
under an open license that permits their
free use and repurposing by
others. OERs can be full courses, course
materials, lesson plans, open textbooks,
learning objects, videos, games, tests,
software, or any other tool, material, or
technique that supports access to
What are Open Educational Resources
Source: SPARC: The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources
“Open Educational Resources (OER) provide a new model for
disseminating knowledge that is designed to take full
advantage of the digital environment.
Students can access OER online for zero cost, download and
keep a copy, and print as many pages as they wish.
Teachers can collect and tailor OER to perfectly suit their
curriculum, and share their innovations with other educators.
Entrepreneurs can build businesses around OER by offering
products that add value, such as assessments, software or
Authors can disseminate their work to a worldwide audience while
still receiving attribution.
OER can maximize the full benefit of the Internet to improve
teaching, learning and access to education.”
A NEW EDUCATION MODEL FOR THE DIGITAL WORLD
• Reuse: Content can be reused in its unaltered
• Revise: Content can be adapted, modified or
• Remix: New content can be added to the original or
revised content to create something new.
• Redistribute: Copies of the content can be
shared with others in its original, revised or remixed form.
The “4 Rs”of Open Ed Resources
OERS CAN INCLUDE:
Full courses (free but no college credit given).
Open textbooks which can be added to, rearranged, or
otherwise adapted to a particular course
Anything that supports learning
LEVELS OF CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSES
Public Domain Declaration (CC0): By using CC0, you waive
all copyright and related rights to a work to the extent possible
under the law.
Attribution (BY): This license lets others distribute, remix,
tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as
they credit you for the original creation.
Share Alike (SA): You can distribute derivative works only
under a license identical to the license that governs the work.
No Derivative Works (ND): You can copy, distribute, display
and perform only verbatim copies of this work, not derivative
works based upon it.
Noncommercial (NC): You can copy, distribute, display and
perform this work, but for noncommercial purposes only
See examples of works under various CC licenses:
License definitions from www.creativecommons.org
OPEN COURSES: UNIVERSITIES
“MIT Open CourseWare (OCW) is a web-based publication of virtually
all MIT course content. OCW is open and available to the world and is a
permanent MIT activity.” http://ocw.mit.edu/index.htm
“Open Yale Courses provides free and open access to a selection of
introductory courses taught by distinguished teachers and scholars at
Yale University. The aim of the project is to expand access to educational
materials for all who wish to learn.” http://oyc.yale.edu/
Webcast.berkeley: University of California--Berkeley’s central service
for online video and audio for students and learners around the globe.”
Open Learn from the UK’s Open University: Over 650 free courses,
described as “excerpts” of the full courses taken by registered (tuition-
RESOURCES FOR EDUCATORS
Open Course Library: “A collection of high quality, free-to-use courses that
you can download and use for teaching. All content is stored in Google docs
making it easy to access, browse and download.” Managed by the
Washington State Board of Community & Technical
MERLOT II: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning & Online
“MERLOT is a free and open peer reviewed collection of online teaching and
learning materials and faculty-developed services contributed and used by
an international education community.”
Connexions: “an educational content repository and a content management
system optimized for the delivery of educational content…for all ages. A
place to view and share educational material made of small knowledge
chunks called modules that can be organized as courses, books, reports, etc.
Anyone may view or contribute.” http://cnx.org/
OER Commons: Huge collection of OERs of all types for both K-12 and
Curriki: “a nonprofit K-12 global community for teachers, students, and parents
to create, share, and find free learning resources that enable true personalized
CK-12 Foundation “is a non-profit that creates and aggregates high quality,
curated STEM content”. http://www.ck12.org/about/
PBS Learning Media: “thousands of classroom-ready, curriculum-targeted
digital resources...aligned to Common Core and national standards. Basic
service is free for PreK-12 educators.” http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/
Gooru Learning: “a free search engine for learning that makes it easy for
teachers to discover educational content, organize it into learning playlists, and
teach and share it with students to study.”
Saylor K-12 (beta): “Free, Common Core-aligned courses for students, parents,
and teachers in math, English language arts, and SAT prep. Saylor also offers
college-level and professional development courses. http://www.saylor.org/
Khan Academy: Primary, secondary and post-secondary content in math,
science, economics, and some humanities. https://www.khanacademy.org/library
OpenStax College: An initiative of Rice University providing free online
textbooks developed and peer-reviewed by educators.
University of Minnesota Open Textbook Library:
Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources:
The Global Text Project “publishes electronic texts for students in the
developing world, and maintains a database of links to books for such
students.” A joint project of the University of Georgia and the University
of Denver. http://globaltext.terry.uga.edu/books
CC LICENSED IMAGES, VIDEOS & MUSIC
Flickr Advanced Search: Be sure to scroll down to the bottom and click “Only
search with Creative Commons licensed content.”
Fotopedia: Click “advanced options” in the upper right, and select the level of
license you need under “license”. http://www.fotopedia.com/search/photos
Open Clip Art Library: http://openclipart.org/
Vimeo: Includes Creative Commons licensed videos.
Internet Archive: freely available videos including news footage, movies,
cartoons, and more. https://archive.org/details/movies
Jamendo: offers more than 350,000 free music tracks licensed under Creative
Commons, all available for streaming and unlimited download without ads
Find More at http://open4us.org/find-oer/
Note: Google Advanced Search has an option to limit your search by license, but be
aware that the license may pertain only to the text, while the image(s) on a page may be
BOOKS & ARTICLES
Directory of Open Access Journals: Free access to articles from scientific
and scholarly periodicals on a wide range of topics, in several languages.
Directory of Open Access Books: Freely accessible and downloadable
Wiley Open Access: A small collection of open access journals from Wiley
Public Library of Science (PLOS): Open access scientific and medical
WHAT COULD YOU DO WITH OERS?
“Create” by Wes Peck is licensed under CC BY ND