Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

100509 Wh Socialism 50m

286

Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
286
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Good Day! DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 10/05/09 , Topic: Socialism 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #24 ” and then: 1) Plot your mood, reflect in 1 sent . 2) Respond to the opener by writing at least 2 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. Announcements: None Intro Music: Untitled
  • 2.  
  • 3. Agenda 1) Study Guide Test 2 2) Discussing socialism in the Industrial Revolution What you will be able to do: 1) Pros and cons of socialism Reminder 1) FR Project Due Mon, 10/05
  • 4. Participation ( 10 points a week ) Negative Mark: Minus 2 Points Each 0 Check: 6 Points 1 Check: 7 Points 2 Checks: 8 Points 3 Checks: 9 Points 4 Checks: 10 Points 5 Checks: 11 Points (+1 EC) 6 Checks: 12 Points (+2 EC) 7 Checks: 13 Points (+3 EC) 8 Checks: 14 Points (+4 EC)
  • 5. 1600-1750: Enlightenment 1750-1800: Political Rev. 1800-1900: Nationalism Imperialism 1600-1750: Agric. Rev. 1750-1900: Ind. Rev. 1 (Factories) 1900-X: Ind. Rev. 2 (Corporations) Timeline up to now:
  • 6. Notes #23a , Title: “ Industrial Philosophies Notes ” 10 Key Dates So Far 1689 Locke writes on Social Contract Theory 1701 Tull Seed Drill Example of Agric. Innovation 1733 Kay Flying Shuttle Expands Textile Factories 1775 Watts Steam Engine Perfected (IR 1 st Stage) 1776 American Revolution + Smith’s Wealth of Nat. 1789-1799 French Revolution 1799-15 Napoleonic Era 1814-15 Congress of Vienna restore Eur. monarchs 1848 Karl Marx Communist Manifesto 1855 Bessemer Perfects Cheap Steel (IR 2 nd Stage)
  • 7. Review 1) Agricultural Revolution (1500-1700) : Enlightenment help farmers share ideas (farm journals) lead to: better soil care, machines, selective breeding, and 1800s (food explosion): chemical fertilizers and powered machines. a) Enclosure : Machines produce more with less ppl, but cost more, rich famers buy out poor , create large farms b) Population Boom : Extra food encourages population to grow c) Unemployed : More births + poor farmers with no land draw them to the cities (where new factories have jobs).
  • 8. Review 2) Why was England (UK) 1st : a) Financial capital (money) : UK had money to invest from trade (Factories were costly) b) Entrepreneurism (someone start biz) : Unlike Europe, UK culture supported “get ahead” biz culture no matter blood line (biz had power in H. of Commons ) c) Stable Hands Off Gov : Limited monarchy was stable (no invasions) and did not interfere with biz operations d) Geography : UK had many harbors (transport), iron (machines), rivers (water power), and coal (steam power)
  • 9. Review 3) Immediate Impact of the Ind. Rev : a) Creative Destruction : New innovations destroying old jobs (esp. craftsman) b) New Class System (NOT nobles BUT) : Business Class vs. Working Class c) City Growth : Dirty cities sprout around factories ( Tenements : dense housing) d) Time : Instead of nature or self, time is controlled by jobs, factories, machines e) Labor Hardships : Factory jobs were boring, dangerous, and drew kids + women (women working will = power) f) Cheaper Goods : Ppl could buy goods once only rich could afford, therefore increasing demand for goods.
  • 10. Review 1) Classical Liberalism ( Conservatism ) : Gov bad, ppl should be free (personal-Locke+in business-Smith) 2) Utilitarianism : Gov should do whatever maximizes the good for the most people. 3) Jeremy Bentham : Father of utilitarianism 4) Modern Liberalism ( Liberal ) : Gov should promote education + welfare services to prepare ppl for their freedom 5) John Stuart Mills : Father of modern liberals 3) Utopian Socialism (mild) : Biz will share control of resources to create equitable society 8) Robert Owen : Father of utopianism and socialism 5) Socialism (medium) : Gov take control of SOME resources from the upper class, to create equitable society 6) Communism (hot) : New gov eliminate the upper class, all resources controlled by gov for the ppl, eventually when ppl ready, no gov, ppl freely share 10) Friedrich Engels+Karl Marx : Father of Marxism (history is class struggle) and communism
  • 11. Review 1) Classical Liberalism ( Conservatism ) : Gov bad, ppl should be free (personal-Locke + in business-Smith) Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations 1776 “ The man whose whole life is spent in performing a few simple operations , of which the effects are perhaps always the same, or very nearly the same, has no occasion to exert his understanding or to exercise his invention in finding out expedients for removing difficulties which never occur. He naturally loses , therefore, the habit of such exertion, and generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is possible to become for a human creature to become .”
  • 12. 2) Utilitarianism : Gov should do whatever maximizes the good for the most people.
  • 13. 3) Jeremy Bentham : Father of utilitarianism Jeremy Bentham Facts 3 Read Enlightenment Scholars 5 Mastered the Violin 6 Fluent Latin and French 12 Attended Oxford Also a prominent supporter of women’s rights, gay rights, and anti-death penalty .
  • 14. Enlightenment View of the Brain: Blank Slate (Nurture) Reality: Both Nature (DNA/Instinct) + Nurture
  • 15. 4) Modern Liberalism ( Liberal ) : Gov should promote education + welfare services to prepare ppl for their freedom
  • 16. 5) John Stuart Mills : Father of modern liberals John Stuart Mills Facts Also strongest advocate for women’s rights. His wife was also Harriet Mill was also a gifted scholar.
  • 17.  
  • 18. 6) Utopian Socialism (mild) : Biz will share control of resources to create equitable society Robert Owen’s New Harmony (1825)
  • 19. 7) Robert Owen : Father of utopianism and socialism Robert Owen Facts 9 Apprentice 18 Worked in factory 28 Owned factory 54 Started a utopian community: New Harmony, banned money ppl work hard for sake of community 59 Bankrupt
  • 20. 8) Socialism (medium) : Gov take control of SOME resources from the upper class, to create equitable society
  • 21. 9) Communism (hot) : New gov eliminate the upper class , all resources controlled by gov for the ppl, eventually when ppl ready, no gov, ppl freely share
  • 22. 7) Friedrich Engels+Karl Marx : Father of Marxism (history is class struggle) and communism (Communist Manifesto-1848, Das Kapital-1867) Karl Marx and Frederick Engel’s Communist Manifesto, 1848 "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles . Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed …the modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society, has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes , new conditions of oppression ."
  • 23. 7) Friedrich Engels+Karl Marx : Father of Marxism (history is class struggle) and communism (Communist Manifesto-1848, Das Kapital-1867) Karl Marx and Frederick Engel’s Das Kapital, 1867 " Capital is dead labor , which, vampire-like , lives only by sucking living labor , and lives the more, the more labor it sucks... Capitalist production, therefore, develops technology , and the combining together of various processes into a social whole, only by sapping the original sources of all wealth — the soil and the labourer ... Battle of competition is fought by the cheapening of commodities.."
  • 24. Karl Marx Socialist ideas had been spreading since the industrial revolution started. His Communist Manifesto won’t really have an effect until after his death in 1883 . Engels , co-writer was a successful capitalist. Marxism: Viewing history+now as class struggle Communism: Solution to class struggle (no prop)
  • 25. Karl Marx “ From each according to his ability, to each according to his need”
  • 26. Revolution!
  • 27. Work #24a , “ Debate: Classical Liberal vs Utilitarianism ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Favor Utilitarianism 1) Benefiting more people of course is more just than having a group suffer for just 1 to benefit 2) Individuals are selfish 3) Selfishness can weaken the community PRO: Favor Classical Liberalism 1) Individual freedom is the most important thing 2) Individuals themselves know what’s best 3) Those who fail have themselves to blame
  • 28. Work #24b , “ Debate: Classical Liberal vs Modern Liberal ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Favor Modern Liberalism 1) Indiv. freedom is good but ppl need to be molded 2) Gov should protect and teach children to be good citizens, regulate and tax 3) Educated, we can trust individuals to be free PRO: Favor Classical Liberalism 1) Individual freedom is the most important thing 2) Individuals themselves know what’s best 3) Those who fail have themselves to blame
  • 29. Work #24c , “ Debate: Class Lib Econ vs Socialism ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Favor Socialism 1) Too hard for poor to get ahead without help 2) If gov provides all your survival needs, you can then focus on your work 3) Private businesses can operate outside the zone of public services PRO: Favor Classical Liberal (captialism) Econo 1) Ppl when trained work best with freedom and hardest with incentive to make money 2) Gov only interferes w efficient “invisible hand” 3) Gov will hurt private biz
  • 30. Work #24d , “ Debate: Communism vs Socialism ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Favor Socialism 1) Too hard for poor to get ahead without help 2) If gov provides all your survival needs, you can then focus on your work 3) Private businesses can operate outside the zone of public services PRO: Favor Communism 1) Rich to take advantage of the poor if rich exist AT ALL, you can’t expect rich want to give up money! 2) Everyone will be equal, no rich or poor 3) No more war if no more resources to fight over
  • 31. No HW this week: Test 2 on Friday

×