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Russian Revolution


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Russian Revolution

  1. 1. World Geography Grade 8: Humanities
  2. 2. Standards CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.2 Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.7 Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.
  3. 3. Vocabulary (Visual Thesaurus) Proletariat  Bolsheviks Provisional government  Lenin Abdicate  Trotsky Discontent  Soviet Totalitarianism  Communist party Indoctrination  Joseph Stalin Propaganda  Great Purge Command economy  Five-Years PlansWords to Know People, Events, Concepts
  4. 4. Grade 8: Things to Do M: Cornell Notes: Revolutions in Russia  IS: Cornell Notes: Stalinist Russia (11/13) T: History Frame – On Your Topic  IS: Make revisions to History Frame (11/14) W: Causes & Effects & Review Chronology (11/15) Th: Paired Timelines/Presentation Outline F: New Presentation
  5. 5. Essential QuestionsWhat were the conditions in Russia before theRevolution(s)?What were the causes of the Russian Revolution?
  6. 6. Cast of Characters Czars (A.k.a Bolsheviks/Com Russian Proletariat munist Party Autocracy) Joseph Stalin Bourgeoisie
  7. 7. Czars Resist Change Alexander II (assassinated) is followed by Alexander III  Sticks to autocracy form of govt. ○ Censorship, secret police and pogroms ○ Uniform Russian culture (only Russian everything) Nicholas II takes over (1894) and continues this program  State is changing and he fails to recognize
  8. 8. Russia Industrializes French and British help Russia industrialize, esp. in steel but this causes problems  (1) Bad working conditions, (2) low wages, (3) child labor Because of conditions Marxist ideas caught on  Proletariat, (workers), Bolsheviks, Mensheviks
  9. 9. Essential Questions?What was the Communist Manifest? Its basic tenets?Goals?How did Communism play out in Russia?
  10. 10. What is Communism? Communism – an economic system in which all means of production are owned by the people, private property does not exist, and all goods and services are shared equally. BrainPop :Communism In many ways, Communism was a reaction to the Industrial Revolution and Capitalism Crash Course World History : Capitalism & Socialism
  11. 11. Crash Course Capitalism &Socialism
  12. 12. What is this cartooncommunicating?
  13. 13. Industrial Revolution Inventions of new machines Bought by capitalists Displaced former workers Difference between classes increases
  14. 14. Karl Marx & the CommunistManifesto The Industrial  Marx and Engels Revolution intensified called for workers of class struggle (rich vs. the world to unite and poor) overthrow the rule of  “Haves” the rich. (bourgeoisie) take  Wealth would be advantage of redistributed “Have-Nots”  Classes and private (proletariat) property would Workers are exploited cease to exist by employers  Know all 5!!  The labor of workers profits employers
  15. 15. Compare Russia & U.S.AGov’tsCommunism CapitalismUsually a one-party state. Free elections and more that one political party.Industry and agriculture owned by the Most industry and agriculture ownedstate. People encouraged to work for by private individuals.the common good.Classless society with no individual They employ workers and keep allprofit-making profits made.The government controlled most Limits on government interference inaspects of people’s lives. people’s livesStrong censorship with restrictions Freedom of speech and movementon what could be said or written.
  16. 16. The Goal & Reality ofCommunism Goal: to get rid of social classes and make everything fair for everyone. Reality: Marx dies before the theory can be tested.  Successors move forward and develop socialism and other forms of communism.
  17. 17. History Frame GuidingQuestions Characters: Who are the people who were involved in this? Which ones played major roles, and which ones were minor? Setting: Where and when did this event take place? Over what period of time? Plot: This section is broken into three parts:  Problem/Goal: What set events in motion? What problem arose, or what were the key players after?
  18. 18. History Frame GuidingQuestions Plot continued…  Events/Episodes: Focus on summarizing. Focus on the key steps or events that capture the progress of the situation. How did the events connected to your topic develop?  Resolution/Outcome: How was the problem solved? Was the goal attained? (Go back to the problem or goal you identified, then explain how it was resolved or whether it was met.)
  19. 19. History Frame GuidingQuestions Theme. I think of this as the "so what?" of a history frame or story map. You might think of it as the universal truth or revelation, the larger meaning or importance, the moral, the "what weve learned from this," and so on. How do you relate this to today or your own life? Theme can be divided into two components: a universal truth a personal truth Have fun!
  20. 20. Essential QuestionsWhat leaders came to power have the Russian monarchy wasoverthrown?What were the new leaders’ plans for Russia and its people?
  21. 21. Crises: Home and Abroad"The present ruler has lost absolutely the affection of theRussian people, and whatever the future may have in store forthe dynasty, the present tsar will never again be safe in themidst of his people.” -- The American Consul in OdessaBloody Sunday Jan 22, 1905: workers marched on Winter Palace Soldiers fired into crowd (Generals’ orders)  Strikes all over Russia  Nicholas promised freedom and created Duma (Parliament) ○ 10 weeks later, Czar dissolved the group
  22. 22. Bourgeoisie vs. Proletariat“I got 5 “We shallpassport overcome”s. I’m ???nevergoing tojail.”
  23. 23. March Revolution March 1917: women textile workers revolt in Petrograd ○ No bread or fuel help incite more (200,000 total) ○ Soldiers at first shot the crowd then side with them  Czar Nicholas forced to abdicate throne ○ Year later, royal family executed  Germany secretly sneaks Lenin into the country to incite riots Provisional Govt set up with Alexander Kerensky as the leader
  24. 24. Bolshevik Revolution With Lenin leading the charge, Soviets cry for power November 1917 armed factory workers storm the Winter Palace  Calling themselves the Bolshevik Red Guards they arrest the leaders of the provisional govt ○ Lenin turns control of land and factories over to the people ○ Sign treaty ended WWI with Germany (lose land)
  25. 25. Cont… Russians angry with Treaty terms and murder of Royal Family Civil War erupts  White Army (support the rule of czar) vs.  Red Army (Bolsheviks led by Trotsky)
  26. 26. Essential QuestionsHow did Joseph Stalin maintain power?What was daily life like in Stalinist Russia?
  27. 27. Joseph Stalin: Man ofSteel, Communist Leader
  28. 28. Analyzing Events in RussianHistoryCauses EffectsCzar Nicholas II StepsDown-Bolshevik Revolution-Stalin Builds TotalitarianState-Stalin Seizes Control ofEconomy
  29. 29. Related Topics Purge Trials Pravda KGB, Stalin’s Secret Police Russian Bourgeoisie Karl Marx Vladimir Lenin Click here to go to Leon Trotsky Nicolas IINotables Practice Your European Geography