Good Day! DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 09/16/09 , Topic: French Revolution cont. 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #13 ” and then: 1) Plot your mood, reflect in 1 sent . 2) Respond to the opener by writing at least 2 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. Announcements: None Intro Music: Untitled
Work #13a , Title “ Opener Shareout ” Pick 1 thing from your opener to share with your partner. 1) Each of you sign your name in your partner’s workbook under 1) to verified you’ve shared.
Pick 1 news story to share with your partner. 2) Each of you sign your name in your partner’s workbook under 1) to verified you’ve shared.
Agenda 1) Test 1 2) French Revolution cont. What you will be able to do: 1) Know how revolutions go bad. Reminder 1) A
TEST PROCEDURES 1) Write your name , period , and bubble 4 last digits of your student ID 2) Remember to copy “ Title ” from the test on to your answer sheet. 3) Write your name on the test itself, but do not write anything else on it. 4) Leave Question 1 on scantron blank BEST WISHES!
TEST DEBRIEF 1) Make sure your test and scantron have been turned in. No papers, pens, pencils may be out. 2) For security reasons, your test will be voided if any electronic devices or note taking is seen during the debrief. Thank you. QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TEST?
Review 1) 3 Estates : 1: Clergy 2: Nobles 3: Commoners 2) Enlightenment : Sparked a movement towards reasoning: Science > Government 3) Enlightened Despot : Embraced using science to make country more powerful ( efficient admin, expanded education, industrial economy ) BUT not political freedom ( Russia + Prussia ) 4) UK : Nobles ( House of Lords )+Rich Commoners ( House of Commons ) take power from king through more powerful parliament 5) France : Nobles+Rich Commoners want power , Clergy doesn’t want to lose power , poor angry! 6) Bastille Day (7/14/1789) : Poor storm the Bastille, and later force King to move to Paris
Notes #13a , Title: “ French Revolution Cont. ” Enlightenment UK (1690) Limit. King US (1776) FR (1789) Rich/ Nobles States Middle class Rich Poor
Notes #13a , Title: “ French Revolution Cont. ” 1) Great Fear, 7-8/1789 : Chaos all over France, poor take revenge of nobles + rich.
2) National Assembly, 8/04/1789, 2am : France’s new legislature votes to get rid of noble titles+privileges. Everyone: Citizen!
Work #13b , Title “ Declarations of Rights ” 8/28/1789, the Assembly wrote a Declaration of the Rights of Man. You and your partner are bourgeoisie representatives to the new National Assembly , you are about to write the Declarations of Rights to justify the revolution. 1-4) Write what you think is the most important idea from each of the 4 documents pre-1789. 5) Write what you think the French Rights of Man should include ( include partner’s name in the end ).
Work #13c , “ Slavery Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Keep slaves 1) Slaves aren’t Frenchman 2) Slavery is crucial to the French economy, with our current debt, we can’t afford to end slavery PRO: Free slaves in French colonies (Haiti) 1) The rights of man should apply to all men 2) To gain the moral high ground is worth the economic cost
Work #13d , Title “ Rights of Women ” 1) With your partner, pick out which parts of the the Rights of Man you would rephrase to protect women ( include partner’s name in the end ).
Notes #13b , Title: “ French Revolution Cont. ” 3) 1 st Constitution, 1791 (Alert: Yellow) : a) King 1 st officer of France: Controls military + foreign affairs and can do 2yr veto b) Only property owners can vote (only 14% of ppl, bourgeoisie in charge, still better than UK) c) Catholic Church lose land (pay debt) and now clergy chosen by gov
4) King/Queen Flees (1791) : King denounces the revolution + flees , hoping to build army to retake France, gets caught at border 5) Austria + Prussia War (1792) : Monarchs must stop revolution from spreading + save Louis/Marie. War starts badly for France .
5) Jean-Paul Marat : Wrote in newspapers to demand people take violent action to protect the Republic. “500-600 heads cut off would have assured… freedom and happiness” 6) September Massacres (1792) : Rioting, theft, rape, murder take over France.
Work #13d , “ Paranoia Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Violence will make things worse 1) Violence will destroy the very values of the Republic 2) Ends justifying the means leads to evil PRO: Violence is necessary 1) Violence will eradicate France’s internal enemies and old ideas (like pests) 2) Great goals like equality require great sacrifices
Notes #13c , Title: “ French Revolution Cont. ” 8) Political Parties : In the legislature, splits develop: Right: Conservatives, keep king Center: Protect business + property ( Girondin Club ) Left: Create 100% equality thru use of violence ( Jacobins Club ) 9) Robespierre : Led Jacobin club to take control of gov, uses fear and violence to control the ppl + silence his rivals (Girondin members killed)
Work #13e , “ Left vs Right Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Change like a bandaid! 1) People need to be shocked out of old ways 2) Old system was corrupt, once we purify the system, we will be stable too PRO: Slow down social changes 1) People grew up with old systems and need time to adjust 2) Old system was at least stable
10) 2 nd Constitution, 1792 ( Alert: Red ) : a) King’s power abolished, 100% a republic . b) All men can vote , leading to surge of san-culottes power, decrease of Bourgeoisie c) Creation of the Committee of Public Safety to protect Republic from internal/external threats (1 st led by Danton: who pushed for overthrow of kings everywhere… leads until he is killed )
Work #13f , “ Kill the King Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Kill the King 1) The king will always mean the republic can be overthrown 2) His child will grow up and seek revenge, he must die, the whole blood line must end PRO: Save the King 1) The king can be useful a symbol to unify France like UK 2) At least save his child
By 1 vote, King Louis XVI, January 21, 1793, he was executed.
Work #13j , Title “ Terror! Robespierre ” 1) Copy Source Title: BBC 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
Workbook peer check: Have your partner look at your notebook to see if the formatting is correct, get their signature under Work#5a
Workbook Check: Remember you workbook is turned in each marking period for 100 points! Homework: 1) No homework.