HR Due Diligence


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Principles and Practice of HR Due Diligence

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HR Due Diligence

  2. 2. Learning Objectives At the end of the course, participants should be able to do the following: • Know the importance of due diligence • Know the trend in Due Diligence • Conduct standard HR Due Diligence • Identify peculiarities of HR Due Diligence in Merger and Acquisition
  3. 3. “Nine-tenths of tactics are certain and taught in the books; but, the irrational tenth is like the kingfisher flashing across the pool. This is the test of generals. Success can only be ensured by instinct sharpened by thought. At the crisis, it is as natural as a reflex.” -T. E. Lawrence, The Science of Guerilla Warfare
  4. 4. What is Due Diligence? “Due diligence is a systematic intelligence performed for ascertaining the condition of a transaction, process, scheme or firm, so as to determine worth or verify fulfillment of definite requirements.” - Elijah Ezendu, Due Diligence
  5. 5. “Due diligence is an investigative process of collecting and analyzing appropriate, relevant data before reaching a decision with a goal of understanding the advantages, disadvantages and risks associated with the decision.” Source: International Business Standards Association
  6. 6. Focus of Due Diligence • Identification of real state of issue • Reduction of uncertainty • Identification of unknown risk • Identification of undisclosed concern • Ascertainment of true value • Validation of initial findings • Confirmation of compliance
  7. 7. Due Diligence Study Areas i. Management ii. Personnel iii. Contracts iv. Proprietary Rights v. Marketing vi. Production vii. Financial Area viii.Reference Area - Vadim Kotelnikov
  8. 8. Primary Era Scope of Due Diligence  Finance  Legal  Human Resources
  9. 9. Secondary Era Scope of Due Diligence • Finance • Legal • Management • Business Opportunity • Intangibles • Cultural
  10. 10. Current Scope of Due Diligence -Elijah Ezendu, Due Diligence
  11. 11. Steps in Due Diligence
  12. 12. Conducting Diligence Intelligence Analysis
  13. 13. Expertise Requirement in Due Diligence The Prevailing trend in expertise requirement highlights the use of Lawyers for Legal Due Diligence, Chartered Accountants and Chartered Financial Analysts for Finance Due Diligence, Chartered Human Resource Management Practitioners for Human Resource Due Diligence, Risk Analysts for Business Risk Due Diligence. While the Competitive Intelligence Analyst can perform Regulatory Framework Due Diligence, Business Model Due Diligence, Market Due Diligence, Intellectual Property Due Diligence, and Technology Due Diligence.
  14. 14. Uses of Business Due Diligence • Alliance Deals • Acquisition Deals • Merger Deals • Suitability to receive Grant as Non-Profit Organisation • Large-Volume Market Exchange with some Government Agencies • Large-Volume Market Exchange with some International Organizations.
  15. 15. Common Reasons Why Some Venture Capital Deals Are Rejected • Problems in Management • Problems in Market and Competitive Risks • Problems in Business Model • Problems in Financial Projections Source: David Eyler
  16. 16. Standard Deal Process Finding Deal Flow Initial Screening Due Diligence Valuation, Negotiation, Legal Monitoring Exit Source: Nelson Gray, Due Diligence
  17. 17. “While due diligence in other areas is already standard for M&A´s, many leading companies are only now recognizing the significance of a well-founded HR due diligence. Because: Approximately 60% of all mergers fail due to the fact that the human capital was not correctly evaluated in the previous contemplations!” Source: Hill International
  18. 18. Influence of HR Due Diligence Result  Snapshot of the internal and external corporate identity and business circumstances  Recognition and status of the formal and informal leaders within your organization  Personal characterizations to support individual career planning process  Recognition and motivation of the key employees as well as the strategy to keep loyalty  Action plans and scenarios to support change management any time  SWOT analysis of both individuals and close-working-groups  Position and relationship analysis  Strengths to highlight, weaknesses to improve, opportunities to take and threats to avoid. Source: Human Value International
  19. 19. As a result of continuous morphing, the demand for due diligence has increased astronomically, and the need for competent HR Due Diligence Practitioners has become the spotlight in most restructuring deals.
  20. 20. Key Focus of HR Due Diligence in Merger and Acquisition • Identify human resource management risks • Ascertain availability of fitting interventions for mitigating identified human resource management risks • Determine employment costs of the prospective business • Assess organisational leadership models • Assess the human resource management process of the deal
  21. 21. Steps of HR Due Diligence in Merger & Acquisition 1. Comprehensive study of the firm 2. Assessment of M&A risks 3. Negotiation 4. Integration and Implementation
  22. 22. Comprehensive Study of the Firm Focus of study should be identification of probable problem in the following key areas. • Human Resource Planning and Development • Organisational Behaviour • Organisational Infrastructure • Human Resource Management Processes • Talent • Employee Relations • Work and Employment • Human Resource Services • Performance Management & Rewards • Health, Safety and Environment • Human Resource Information System • HR Value Proposition • Social HR & Traditional HR Integration • Employer Brand Competitiveness • Structural Reinforcement /Collapse • Undulating Engagement/Disengagement • Cultural Alignment/Paralysis • Strategic Retention Management
  23. 23. The characteristic features of an organisation’s human capital value, their total contribution to the corporate value mix, and their competitive impact in the business environment must be ascertained through broad assessment of every facet and layer of existing human capital therein.
  24. 24. Assessment of M&A Risks • Identify challenges to management in each key area • Determine probability of each challenge • Determine impact of each challenge • Determine manageability of each challenge • Develop action plan for handling each challenge
  25. 25. Negotiation At this stage the parties involved shall seek common grounds of understanding and document key points of agreement, knowing that endorsed agreements shall be binding on all.
  26. 26. Integration and Implementation • Integration of human resource management policies and processes, organisational culture and employee information systems • Consolidation of employee benefits • Consolidation of organisational structure • Consolidation of career path and succession plan • Consolidation of talent profile • Establishment and deployment of communication plan for effective change management
  27. 27. Standard HR Due Diligence Checklist 1. National political, social and cultural framework 2. Strategy, workforce composition and organisation 3. HR administration and measurement 4. Legal framework 5. Recruitment 6. Review of key contracts of employment 7. Training and development 8. Remuneration and pay administration 9. Benefits 10.Sick leave and sickness pay and benefits 11. Employee financial participation 12. Performance and quality management 13. Working time 14. Leave and time-off 15. Equality 16. Employee representation and corporate communication 17. Security and safety 18. Internal rules, discipline and grievance procedures 19. Termination of contract 20. Retirement and pensions Source: Burgess and Goodman, IDS International HR Due Diligence Checklist
  28. 28. Case Exercise Lobita Limited and Santomax Limited are on the verge of a merger deal. Lobita Limited is manufacturer of confectioneries and has two plants in Lagos in addition to one in Portharcourt, with a staff strength of 320. Santomax Limited is a market leader in Food and Beverages sector, and has 4 plants in Nigeria in addition to 3 in South Africa, with a staff strength of 1260 workers. How would you handle the HR Due Diligence in order to ensure post merger talent retention?
  29. 29. Dr. Elijah Ezendu is Award-Winning Business Expert & Certified Management Consultant with expertise in HR, OD, Competitive Intelligence, Strategy, Restructuring, Business Development, Sales & Marketing, Interim Management, CSR, Leadership, Project & Programme Management, Cost Management, Outsourcing, Franchising, Intellectual Capital, eBusiness, Social Media, Software Architecture, Cloud Computing, eLearning & International Business. He holds proprietary rights of various systems. He is currently CEO, Rubiini (UAE); Hon. President, Worldwide Independent Inventors Association; Special Advisor, RTEAN; Director, MMNA Investments Limited. He had functioned as Chair, International Board of GCC Business Council (UAE); Senior Partner, Shevach Consulting; Chairman (Certification & Training), Coordinator (Board of Fellows), Lead Assessor & Governing Council Member, Institute of Management Consultants, Nigeria; Lead Resource, Centre for Competitive Intelligence Development; Turnaround Project Director, Consolidated Business Holdings Limited; Lead Consultant/ Partner, JK Michaels; Technical Director, Gestalt; Chief Operating Officer, Rohan Group; Executive Director (Various Roles), Fortuna, Gambia & Malta; Director, The Greens; Chief Advisor/Partner, D & E; Vice Chairman, Refined Shipping; Director of Programmes & Governing Council Member, Institute of Business Development, Nigeria; Member of TDD Committee, International Association of Software Architects, USA; Member of Strategic Planning and Implementation Committee, Chartered Institute of Personnel Management of Nigeria; Adjunct Faculty, Regent Business School, South Africa; Adjunct Faculty, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Nigeria; Editor-in-Chief & Chairman of Editorial Board, Cost Management Journal; National Executive Council Member, Institute of Internal Auditors of Nigeria; Member, Board of Directors (Several Organizations). He holds Doctoral Degree in Management, Master of Business Administration and Fellowship of Several Professional Institutes in North America, UK & Nigeria. He is an author & widely featured speaker in workshops, conferences & retreats. He was involved in developing Specialist Master’s Degree Course Content for Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (Nigeria) and Jones International University (USA). He holds Interim Management Assignments on Boards of Companies as Non-Executive Director.
  30. 30. Thank You