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Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
Parts of the short story pp
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Parts of the short story pp

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  • This is great stuff. Thanku so much. I fully understand all the elements of storywriting! Yay! thanku!
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  • 1. Parts of the Short Story English 9 Fall 2006
  • 2. The Setting <ul><li>The setting is where and when the story takes place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General Setting – Time period, geographic area, level of realism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific Setting – An office, an apartment, a spaceship </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Characters <ul><li>Characters are the people, animals, or things that the story is about </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main Character – the primary and most important characters in the movie; these characters are affected by the story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting characters – characters that have smaller parts; these characters affect the story </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Characters, continued <ul><ul><li>Protagonist – The “good guy,” the hero, the main character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antagonist – The “bad guy,” the person who stands in the way of the protagonist </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Character Types <ul><ul><li>Round – A character who resembles a real person; a character who changes and acts as a real person would </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat – A character who does not change or experience emotional growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stock – A cliched character; a type of character you have seen before </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example – McDonald’s worker, cab driver, storm trooper </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 6. Characterization <ul><li>Direct Characterization – How the author describes the character </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect Characterization – What other characters say about the character, what you learn through action and dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue – Two characters speaking to each other </li></ul>
  • 7. Point of View <ul><li>From what perspective is the story told? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First person – POV of the main character, uses “I” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second person – POV of the reader, uses “you” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third person – POV of an outside observer, uses “he” &amp; “she” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited – the observer can only “see” what happens </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Omniscient – the observer knows the characters’ thoughts, can “see” inside their heads </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 8. Plot <ul><li>The plot of the story is what happens in the story </li></ul><ul><li>Almost every plot is based on a conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Person vs. Person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person vs. Self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person vs. Nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person vs. Society </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. The Plot Curve <ul><li>Exposition – Beginning of the story; characters are introduced, setting is established, tone and mood are set </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Action – The conflict begins; the protagonist works towards settling the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Climax – The pinnacle of the story; the protagonist solves the conflict (or doesn’t) </li></ul>
  • 10. Plot Curve, continued <ul><li>Falling Action – The specifics of the climax play out; what happens as a result of the climax </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution (Denouement) – Loose ends are wrapped up; the reader sees the new and changed protagonist; life goes on </li></ul>
  • 11. &nbsp;
  • 12. Tone, Mood, Theme <ul><li>Tone – The attitude of the author toward the story – sarcastic, anger, affection, approval, disapproval </li></ul><ul><li>Mood – The emotion of the story – happy, sad, depressing, tragic </li></ul><ul><li>Theme – The “moral” of the story – what message does the story send? </li></ul>

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