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Parts of the short story pp
 

Parts of the short story pp

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    Parts of the short story pp Parts of the short story pp Presentation Transcript

    • Parts of the Short Story English 9 Fall 2006
    • The Setting
      • The setting is where and when the story takes place
        • General Setting – Time period, geographic area, level of realism
        • Specific Setting – An office, an apartment, a spaceship
    • Characters
      • Characters are the people, animals, or things that the story is about
        • Main Character – the primary and most important characters in the movie; these characters are affected by the story
        • Supporting characters – characters that have smaller parts; these characters affect the story
    • Characters, continued
        • Protagonist – The “good guy,” the hero, the main character
        • Antagonist – The “bad guy,” the person who stands in the way of the protagonist
    • Character Types
        • Round – A character who resembles a real person; a character who changes and acts as a real person would
        • Flat – A character who does not change or experience emotional growth
        • Stock – A cliched character; a type of character you have seen before
          • Example – McDonald’s worker, cab driver, storm trooper
    • Characterization
      • Direct Characterization – How the author describes the character
      • Indirect Characterization – What other characters say about the character, what you learn through action and dialogue
      • Dialogue – Two characters speaking to each other
    • Point of View
      • From what perspective is the story told?
        • First person – POV of the main character, uses “I”
        • Second person – POV of the reader, uses “you”
        • Third person – POV of an outside observer, uses “he” & “she”
          • Limited – the observer can only “see” what happens
          • Omniscient – the observer knows the characters’ thoughts, can “see” inside their heads
    • Plot
      • The plot of the story is what happens in the story
      • Almost every plot is based on a conflict
        • Person vs. Person
        • Person vs. Self
        • Person vs. Nature
        • Person vs. Society
    • The Plot Curve
      • Exposition – Beginning of the story; characters are introduced, setting is established, tone and mood are set
      • Rising Action – The conflict begins; the protagonist works towards settling the conflict
      • Climax – The pinnacle of the story; the protagonist solves the conflict (or doesn’t)
    • Plot Curve, continued
      • Falling Action – The specifics of the climax play out; what happens as a result of the climax
      • Resolution (Denouement) – Loose ends are wrapped up; the reader sees the new and changed protagonist; life goes on
    •  
    • Tone, Mood, Theme
      • Tone – The attitude of the author toward the story – sarcastic, anger, affection, approval, disapproval
      • Mood – The emotion of the story – happy, sad, depressing, tragic
      • Theme – The “moral” of the story – what message does the story send?