A poetic device is a technique or tool used in poetry,which helps to improve the quality of your poetry. A po-etic device may include ﬁgures of speech such as allit-eration, metaphors, similes, and personiﬁcations. Otherpoetic devices include repetition, rhythm, stanzas andpoint of view.POETRY DEVICES1
DEFINITIONS1. Speaker - a person who speaks2. Diction - the choice and use of words adn phrases in speech orwriting3. Imagery - 5 senses in your head4. Allusion - an expression designed to call something to mind with-out mentioning it explicitly5. Simile - ﬁgure of speech6. Personiﬁcation - naming something that is nonhuman7. Metaphor - word or phrase is applied to an object or action towhich it is not literally applicable8. Refrain - repeats9. Symbol - something that represents or stands for something else10. Stanza - group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unitin a poem11. Alliteration/Occurrence - of the same letter or sound at the begin-ning of adjacent or closely connected words12. Onomatopoeia - formation of a word from a sound associatedwith what is named13. Enjambment - continuation of a syntactic unit from one line ofverse into the next line without a pause14. Connotation - idea or feeling that a word invokes for a person inaddition to its literal or primary meaning15. Denotation - the literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrastto the feelings or ideas that the word suggests16. Euphemism - mild or indirect word or expression for one tooharsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrass-ing17. Tone - the overall quality of a musical or vocal sound: "the pianotone is lacking in warmth"18. Hyperbole - exaggerated statements or claims not meant to betaken literally2
“Blackout poetry” is poetry made by redactingthe words in a text with a permanent marker,leaving behind only a few choice words to makea poemBLACKOUT POETRY2
4This is my blackout poetrythat was made in my 2013English class.These are just other exam-ples that arent mine.
An unrhymed verse form of Japanese origin havingthree lines consisting of ﬁve, seven, ﬁve (in that order)syllables respectively. Known asa 5, 7, 5.An old silent pond.....A frog jumps into the pond,splash! Silence again.Basho (1644-1694)HAIKU3My HaikuSummer here againWinter is ﬁnally goneFall is on the way.
The format for this special poem was created by AlysaCummings, who was the inspiration for several of theﬁll-in-the-blank poems. These I am poems allow you tolook at what you see in yourself. They help you improveyour self-esteem, and let you see what you see ofyourself.I AM4
WHAT THE POEM LOOKS LIKEFIRST STANZAI am (two special characteristics you have)I wonder (something you are actually curious about)I hear (an imaginary sound)I see (an imaginary sight)I want (an actual desire)I am (the ﬁrst line o the poem repeated)SECOND STANZAI pretend (something you actually pretend to do)I feel (a feeling about something imaginary)I touch (an imaginary touch)I worry (something that really bothers you)I cry (something that makes you very sad)I am (the ﬁrst line of the poem repeated)THIRD STANZAI understand (something you know is true)I say (something you believe in)I dream (something you actually dream about)I try (something you really make an effort about)I hope (something you actually hope for)I am (the ﬁrst line or the poem repeated)7
(Sample)I AmI am sharp and focusedI wonder what the camera really seesI hear the buzzing beeI see ﬂowers in the early morning lightI want to stop time in a boxI am sharp and focusedI pretend to be a statueI feel the shakes insideI touch the shutter buttonI worry about the blurry resultI cry that the moment has forever passedI am sharp and focusedI understand moments in timeI say let’s freeze them foreverI dream of watercolor effects coming to lifeI try to see all the soft muted edgesI hope it happens somedayI am sharp and focused8
MY I AM POEMI am me and beautiful as I can beI wonder who I will be in the futureI hear my family and friends encouraging meI see what vision gives meI want to be the best that I can beI am me and beautiful as I can beI pretend I know what the future holdsI feel scared of what I don’t knowI touch the clouds as I wonderI worry about my lifeI cry when things go wrongI am me and as beautiful the way I amI understand the things that come easy to meI say “I’m ﬁne” when really I’m a mess insideI dream that I will be successfulI try my hardest to get thereI hope one day I willI am me and as beautiful as I can be9
A sonnet is a poetic form which originated in Italy; theSicilian poet Giacomo da Lentini is credited with its in-vention. The term sonnet derives from the Italian wordsonetto, meaning “little song”, and by the thirteenthcentury it signiﬁed a poem of fourteen lines that followsa strict rhyme scheme and speciﬁc structure.SONNET5
MY FATHERMy father is the best a daughter could haveHe is the one what was there, even when not askedAlways there, always loving, through thick and thinHe’d be there, I could depend on himI messed things up, wish I wouldn’t haveBut there is no going back, things are doneI can say sorry, but that wouldn’t change anythingBut yet,he would still be right there waitingHe’d do anything for his little girlHe’s who I look up to, he’s my heroHe taught me everything I knowHe helped me wit everything I neededI can’t say it enough, thank you for being thereThis man is my father, and I love hime more then anything11
Concrete poetry or shape poetry is poetry in which thetypographical arrangement of words is as important inconveying the intended effect as the conventional ele-ments of the poem, such as meaning of words, rhythm,rhyme and so on.It is sometimes referred to as visualpoetry, a term that has evolved to have distinct mean-ing of its own, but which shares the distinction of beingpoetry in which the visual elements are as important asthe.CONCRETE6
An acrostic is a poem or other form of writing in which the ﬁrst let-ter, syllable or word of each line, paragraph or other recurring fea-ture in the text spells out a would or a message. As a form of con-strained writing, an acrostic can be used as a mnemonic deviceto aid memory retrieval.EagerMuscularAdroitLaughing constantlyInterestingEbullientKeenActiveYelling sometimes not even on purposeACROSTIC713
FREE VERSE8Free verse is an open form ofpoetry. It does not use consis-tent meter patterns, rhyme, orany other musical pattern. Itthus tends to follow the rhythmof natural speech.