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Hair and scalp disorders

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  1. 1. 3/1/2013Academy of Hairdressing and Beauty TAFE WSI0Contraindications
  2. 2. Contagious conditions may include:•Head Lice•Scabies•Ringworm (tinea capitis)
  3. 3. Head liceThe eggs called nits which are fixed tightly around thehair shaft with a cement like glue.
  4. 4. Infestations Head lice•Contagious infestation caused by the head louse (animal parasite)•The louse lives for about 4 to 5 weeks•The female lays eggs (nits) close to the scalp•Almost invisible to the naked eye, which lives in the hair and feeds bysucking human blood.
  5. 5. Scabies•Rarely found on the face or scalp. It is found on the hands, wrists, armpits,buttocks or genital region.•Caused by an animal infestation.•Mite parasite burrows under the skin to lay its eggs.•Main symptoms are an intense itch which causes scabs to form.•Spread by close physical contact or contact with infected clothing ortowels.
  6. 6. Scalp Ringworm (tinea capitis)•Caused by a fungal infection which spreadsby direct physical contact with infectedpersons or animals.•Extremely contagious•Starts as a small red patch of blisters.•As the patches spread, hair becomeslifeless, brittle and breaks off leaving stumps.•Found on the scalp or body and mainly inchildren.
  7. 7. Impetigo (school sores)•Bacterial skin infection•Commonly occurs around the nose andmouth.•Blisters that may burst, ooze fluid, anddevelop a honey-coloured crust.•Impetigo is spread through directcontact with infected skin
  8. 8. Non – Infectious Conditions
  9. 9. Non-Infectious ConditionsNon-contagious conditions cannot be spread from oneperson to another.May include:•DandruffPityriasis capitis simplexPityriasis seborrhoea•Dermatitis•Psoriasis•Eczema•Moles•Hair loss•Alopecia
  10. 10. Dandruff : There are two forms of dandruff include:Pityriasis capitis simplex (Dry dandruff)•White scales and an itchy scalp•Loosely attached and scattered•Caused by an under active sebaceousgland. Not enough natural oil (sebum) isproduced to lubricate the scalp.Pityriasis Seborrhoea (Oily dandruff)•Scales are mixed with sebum•Scales stick to hair•large fatty, yellow waxy coloured patches or scalesformed on the scalp.•Underneath the sticky crusts the scalp may be red andinflamed.•In young babies this condition is known as "cradlecap".•It is caused by an over active sebaceous gland makingthe scalp look greasy.
  11. 11. Eczema•Inflammatory skin condition•Rash like appearance•Watery discharge and scales and crusts may develop•Itchy sensation is present•Causes: inherited, allergic reaction.
  12. 12. Dermatitis•Areas of the skin are inflamed•Can be on any area of the body•Refer to doctor•Caused by contact with chemicals
  13. 13. Psoriasis•Skin appears red•Scales develop which are silvery in colour•Scales become thick, crusty, yellow and quite hard•Scales are attached firmly to the scalp•Psoriasis may be caused by stress and hereditaryfactors
  14. 14. Moles•Pigmented moles come in many shapes and sizes.•Moles can be both harmful and harmlessNOTE:hairdressers may become aware of unusual markings/moles on a client and advise them to theseek Medical advice
  15. 15. Hair Loss•Many reasons determine why hair loss occurs•Hair loss may be caused by:Fungal infectionsBacterial infectionsMedicationMedical treatmentsPregnancy/ChildbirthHormonal changesHereditary factorsStressAbnormal hair loss is often referred to as Alopecia
  16. 16. Alopecia TotalisLoss of all hair on the scalpAlopecia UniversalisLoss of all scalp and body hair
  17. 17. Alopecia AreataPatchy hair loss on the scalpMay or may not regain hair lost
  18. 18. Safe Work PracticesAll equipment must be cleaned as soon as it is used.When cleaning follow these guidelines:• Gloves should be worn• Pre-rinse equipment in cold water• Wash in tepid water and detergent• Hold item under water and scrub with a clean brush• Equipment that cannot be washed must be wiped clean with 70% alcohol on a clean cottonpad• Dry and store in a dust free environment
  19. 19. FactsheetsHAIRDRESSING AND BARBERS - HYGIENESTANDARDSFact sheets has been developed by NSW Health to assist hairdressers and barbers adopt goodinfection control practices. The following pages are some of the guidelines form these fact sheets formore information please follow the link at NSW Health website for the skin penetration industry
  20. 20. Personal hygiene for hairdressers and barbers•Hands should be washed i) before and after attending a client; ii) before andafter a procedure; iii) after exposure to a body substance; iv) after touching aclients surroundings and v) after the removal of gloves•See Hand Hygiene Australia website for additional information on how to washyour hands.•Cuts or wounds should be covered with a sealed waterproof bandage
  21. 21. Equipment•Equipment that is difficult to clean should only be used once and then thrownaway (single-use only)•Towels or other types of linen used for covering or protection during theprocedure must be clean at the start of each treatment. Linen should be washed indetergent and hot water•All equipment should be cleaned between use, including combs, brushes, rollers,streaking caps, clippers and scissors and be kept in a clean and dry condition•Manual clippers with non-detachable blades should not be used as they cannotbe easily cleaned•Detachable blades on clippers must be cleaned before being re-used•Equipment should not be soaked in solutions of disinfectant unless specified bythe manufacturers instructions. Cleaning the equipment in warm water anddetergent and allowing it to air dry should be sufficient•Disposable razors should be used for shaving. They should be used once andthen thrown away into an approved sharps container•Scissors that accidentally penetrate the skin must be sterilised if they are to bereused