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Vlsi & embedded systems
 

Vlsi & embedded systems

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vlsi and embedded system

vlsi and embedded system

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    Vlsi & embedded systems Vlsi & embedded systems Presentation Transcript

    • VLSI & EMBEDDED SYSTEMS An Industrial Training Report. By: Deepak Yadav (1001031031)
    • CONTENT      Introduction to VLSI VLSI design flow Hardware description language FPGA and EDA tools Introduction to embedded systems
    • Introduction to VLSI An IC is a chip or die where many circuit components and the wiring that connects them are manufactured. A VLSI system integrates millions of electronic components in a very small area.
    • Generations of IC
    • Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)   An FPGA is a semiconductor device that can be reprogrammed after manufacturing. Applications of FPGAs are:  Computer Hardware Emulation  Broadcast  Wireless Communication, etc.
    • FPGA Design  FPGAs can be reprogrammed to desired application or functionality requirements after manufacturing. This feature distinguishes FPGAs from Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), which are custom manufactured for specific design tasks.
    • VLSI DESIGN FLOW
    • VLSI Design Flow (contd.)   Design Architecture: Designers can use different abstraction levels for VLSI design:
    • VLSI Design Flow (contd.) RTL Coding: HDLs    Stands for “Hardware Description Language”. A language that can describe the functionality and timing of the hardware. Support for hardware concurrency and time frame are two main features that distinguishes HDLs from other programming languages.
    • Uses and Requirement of HDL    It provides with concurrency constructs to simulate circuit behavior. Simulation for verification and synthesis. It allows textual representation of how data flows between register and how design processes them.
    • EDA Tools   Stands for “Electronic Design Automation”. Commonly used EDA tools are: Xilinx ISE, ModelSim, Cadence, etc.  Used to compile, simulate and synthesize the code written in HDL
    • Introduction to VHDL  Stands for “Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description Language” (VHSIC HDL).  It is an IEEE and ANSI STANDARD; therefore, models described in this language are portable.  Supports three design description methods and can work with any combination of them i.e., it allows mixed type modelling.
    • Introduction to Embedded Systems   An Embedded system is a special purpose computer system designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions, often with real time computing constraints. In an embedded system, there is only one application software that is typically burned into ROM. Example: Printer, Keyboard, etc.
    • Peripherals necessary for Microcontrollers / Microprocessor         CPU: Central Processing Unit Input /Output Bus: Address bus & Data bus Memory: RAM & ROM Timer Interrupt Serial Port Parallel Port
    • Microcontroller v/s Microprocessor