Blaids powerpoint 2010 2011


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Blaids powerpoint 2010 2011

  1. 1. Directors:<br />Fanta Bayoh<br />Rozanne Carlos<br />Eric Carpio<br />Erika Howell<br />EnockTeefe<br />Rosa Vasquez<br />
  2. 2. Icebreaker<br />
  3. 3. What do people with HIV look Like???<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. What is HIV?<br />H<br />I<br />V<br />uman<br />mmunodeficiency<br />irus<br />
  6. 6. What is AIDS?<br />A<br />I<br />D<br />S<br />cquired<br />mmune<br />eficiency<br />yndrome<br />
  7. 7. StaGES OF HIV<br />
  8. 8. 1. Primary HIV infection<br />Flu-like symptoms that last a few weeks<br />This is when the body begins to create CD4 antibodies to fight the HIV virus<br />
  9. 9. 2. Clinical Asymptomatic Stage<br /><ul><li>Asymptomatic: does not currently show symptoms of the disease being discussed
  10. 10. Can last for an average of 10 years
  11. 11. HIV is present and active in blood.</li></li></ul><li>3. Symptomatic HIV infection<br /><ul><li>Immune system becomes weak
  12. 12. Opportunistic infections/diseases occur
  13. 13. These diseases and infections would not cause harm to a normal person, but can be fatal for someone with a weak immune system</li></li></ul><li>4. Progression from HIV to AIDS<br /><ul><li>This is the fatal stage of HIV
  14. 14. The immune system is almost destroyed
  15. 15. The illness becomes more severe and you are diagnosed with AIDS
  16. 16. People DO NOT die from AIDS but from an opportunistic disease/infection</li></li></ul><li>Those with the virus may or may not show any symptoms!<br />
  17. 17. Ways of transmission<br />
  18. 18. Ways of Transmission<br />Sex: Vaginal, Anal, Oral<br />Sharing Needles<br />Drugs<br />Tattoos/ Piercings<br />Mother To Child<br />
  19. 19. 5 Bodily Fluids<br />Blood<br />Semen<br />Pre-ejaculate<br />Vaginal Secretions<br />Breast Milk<br />
  20. 20. Fluids That Will Not Give You HIV<br />Tears<br />Saliva<br />Sweat<br />Urine<br />* In order to contract HIV by making out, you would have to swallow a whole gallon of someone’s spit!*<br />
  21. 21. Myths of Transmission<br />Hugging, Kissing or Shaking Hands<br />Sharing Utensils<br />Using Public Bathrooms<br />Donating Blood<br />Mosquito Bites<br />
  22. 22. Protect Yourself!<br />Don’t put yourself at risk <br />Condoms are highly protective against HIV/AIDS and other STDs.<br />Abstinence is the only 100% effective way to prevent STDs and pregnancy<br />
  23. 23. The HIV Test<br />
  24. 24. How the test works<br />The HIV test looks for HIV antibodies in a person’s blood. NOT FOR AIDS.<br />If you have enough of the antibodies, your test will be positive, which means you have been infected with HIV<br />If you do not have the antibodies (or enough of them), your test will be negative, and this could mean one of two things: <br />You do not have HIV<br />OR<br />You have been infected but your body has not made enough antibodies for the test to detect them.<br />
  25. 25. The window period<br /><ul><li>It takes about 3 months after HIV infection for people to develop antibodies to HIV.
  26. 26. It is best to wait at least three months after the last time you could have been exposed to HIV before taking the test.
  27. 27. Even if your test is negative after 3 months, some test centers may recommend testing again at 6 months, just to be extra sure. </li></li></ul><li>Types of Testing<br />
  28. 28. Home Testing Kits<br />1.Purchase kit from a local pharmacy.<br />2. Take your own sample (usually blood sample) <br />3. Send it off to a laboratory for testing.<br />4. After a few days, the person will call in, with a personal identification code to receive results.<br />
  29. 29. Home Testing Kits: DISADVANTAGES<br />It’s not as efficient or reliable!<br />There are many home test kits out that are not approved by the FDA which potentially can lead to unreliable results.<br />The testing kit may be expensive (~ $80.00)<br />
  30. 30. Rapid Testing<br />The rapid HIV test consists of either a small blood sample, or saliva.<br />Some testing centers require that a patient provide their name and a mailing address. <br />ADVANTAGE <br />short amount of time you wait to receive your results. <br />DISADVANTAGE<br />tests are expensive and there are a few places that offer it free of charge.<br />
  31. 31. ConfidentiaL Testing<br />This test takes place in a clinic. <br />Personal information and results will be kept in your medical record.<br /> DISADVANTAGE<br />Takes a little longer to get results HOWEVER….<br />ADVANTAGE<br />These results are given to you at the clinic<br />Usually, FREE!<br />It becomes part of your medical history <br />
  32. 32. Anonymous Testing<br />This test also takes place in a clinic.<br />You’re given a code that you’ll use to call and get your results.<br />DISADVANTAGES<br />Also takes a little longer to get results<br />ADVANTAGES<br />Quality counseling<br />Anonymous<br />Usually FREE!!<br />
  33. 33. Free HIV Testing<br />To find free HIV Testing near you go to:<br /><br />
  34. 34. Methods of birth control<br />
  35. 35. THE PILL<br />Effectiveness: 92-99.7%<br />Still need to use a condom<br />Disadvantages: <br />Must take pill everyday<br />No protection from HIV, STD’s<br />
  36. 36. The Shot: DepoProvera<br />Effectiveness: 97-99.7%<br />Still need to use a condom<br />Advantages: <br />Not taken daily and prevents pregnancy for 12 weeks.<br />Disadvantages<br />May cause delay in getting pregnant after shots are stopped.<br />
  37. 37. The condom<br />Effectiveness: 85-98%<br />Advantages: <br />Latex Condoms offer protection against HIV & STDs. Inexpensive & readily available.<br />Disadvantages:<br />Uncooperative partners, allergies, and possibility of breakage<br />
  38. 38. Sexually Transmitted Diseases<br />
  39. 39. STDs<br />Sexually Transmitted Diseases<br />Also known as STIs: sexually transmitted infections<br />STDs are infectious diseases usually transmitted from person to person through sexual intercourse or other intimate contact<br />If untreated, they can cause permanent damage such as infertility and can lead to life-threatening conditions<br />STD transmission can be prevented by the use of condoms or the practice of abstinence.<br />
  40. 40. There are 65 million people living in the US with an incurable STD. That is 1 in 4 people!<br />In the US there are over 19 million new STD infections every year, and almost half of them are among young people ages 15-24 years old<br />
  41. 41. How are STDs transmitted?<br />Vaginal Sex<br />Oral Sex<br />Anal Sex<br />Any exchange of bodily fluids<br />(blood, semen, vaginal secretions, pre-ejaculate, breast milk)<br />STDs can still be transmitted even when there are no symptoms!<br />
  42. 42. Common STDs<br />Chlamydia<br />Gonorrhea<br />Genital Herpes<br />Syphilis<br />HIV/AIDS<br />Hepatitis<br />
  43. 43. Chlamydia<br />The most widespread STD in the United States<br />It is a bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotics<br />More than 50% of those infected have no symptoms at all<br />In 2007, the rate of infection for females was over 3 times greater than the rate for males<br />
  44. 44. Chlamydia<br />Symptoms<br />Female:<br />Abnormal discharge (may have an odor)<br />Painful periods or bleeding between periods<br />Pain while urinating or having sex<br />Abdominal pain or fever<br />Itching in or around vagina<br />
  45. 45. Chlamydia<br />Symptoms<br />Male:<br />Clear or cloudy discharge from the penis<br />Painful urination<br />Burning and itching around the opening of the penis<br />Pain and swelling of the testicles<br />
  46. 46. Gonorrhea<br />Also known as “the clap”<br />It is a bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotics<br />Symptoms usually appear within 2-5 days of exposure but many people have no symptoms<br />
  47. 47. Gonorrhea<br />Symptoms<br />Women:<br />Vaginal discharge<br />Burning and pain while urinating and increased urination<br />Sore throat<br />Fever<br />Pain in the lower abdomen<br />Pain during intercourse<br />Labial swelling caused by gonorrhea<br />
  48. 48. Gonorrhea<br />Symptoms<br />Male:<br />Pain and burning while urinating<br />Discharge from the penis (green, yellow, or white in color)<br />Increased urinary frequency<br />Red or swollen opening of the penis<br />Tender or swollen testicles<br />Sore throat<br />
  49. 49. Genital Herpes<br />1 in 4 adults has herpes<br />There are 30 million cases of herpes in the US with about 1 million NEW cases every year!<br />The infection is caused by a virus that has no known cure.<br />Most people infected with the virus do not know that they have it since they have no symptoms.<br />
  50. 50. GenitalHerpes<br />Symptoms<br />Small, red bumps, blisters and open sores in the genital, anal and nearby areas.<br />Pain or itching around genital area, buttocks or inner thighs<br />
  51. 51. Hepatitis B<br />A virus that primarily infects the liver causing inflammation<br />Results from exposure to blood or bodily fluids containing blood, including unprotected sexual contact and contaminated needles.<br />Can be prevented by a vaccine<br />Can be treated with antiviral treatment<br />
  52. 52. Hepatitis B <br />Symptoms <br />Abdominal Pain<br />Dark Urine<br />Joint Pain<br />Loss of appetite<br />Weakness and fatigue<br />Nausea and vomiting<br />Yellowing of the skin<br />
  53. 53. HPV<br />HPV stands for Human Papillomavirus<br />There is no cure for HPV<br />There are over 100 types of HPV, some which can cause complications such as cervical cancer. <br />Can be prevented by a vaccine.<br />
  54. 54. HPV<br />Symptoms<br />Warts in the genital area- may be raisedor flat, alone or in groups, small or large and are sometimes cauliflower shaped.<br />Lesions may appear on the anus, scrotum, groin, thighs, penis, cervix or in the vagina. <br />
  55. 55. Syphilis<br />Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotics<br />It is a three stage infection with different symptoms in each stage<br />
  56. 56. Syphilis: Stage 1<br />Symptoms<br />Painless sores<br />Swollen lymph nodes<br />
  57. 57. Syphilis: Stage 2<br />Symptoms<br />Fever<br />Fatigue<br />Aches and pains<br />Loss of appetite <br />Skin rash on the palms or soles <br />
  58. 58. Syphilis: Stage 3<br />Symptoms<br />Brain, Heart and Nervous System problems<br />Damage can occur in the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones and joints. <br />
  59. 59. Protect Yourself!<br />The only way to be 100% safe from contracting HIV or STDs is:and not sharing needles of any kind!!<br />ABSTINENCE<br />
  60. 60. CONDOM DEMO<br />Check the expiration date<br />Make sure there is an air bubble<br />Slide the condom to the side and open the package <br />Place condom on banana (ridges up) and slide all the way down<br />Roll condom off of banana and place in napkin<br />
  61. 61. Last Minute Tips!<br />Do not exchange bodily fluids<br />Do not use oil based lubricants<br />Use a new latex condom every time you engage in sex.<br />If you are allergic to latex condoms, Polyurethane condoms can be used as a replacement.<br />