Sexually transmitted infections


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An overview of STIs with a couple of graphic pictures

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Sexually transmitted infections

  1. 1. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS An informational walk-through of what they are, how you can stay clean, and resource options for your sexual health
  2. 2. Remember how I said that being sexually active comes with its responsibilities and repercussions? Remember how I said that being sexually active comes with its responsibilities and repercussions?
  3. 3. Here is another way your life could be impacted by being spontaneous and making poor choices in your sexual health: What is an STI or STD? A Sexually Transmitted Infection or Disease is an infection passed during vaginal, oral or anal sex. Some STIs infect only your sexual and reproductive organs, while others cause illness in other parts of your body including your brain.
  4. 4. How are STIs spread? • Through vaginal, oral and anal sex and sometimes simply by genital touching • Some STIs are spread through an exchange of blood • STD germs need a warm environment to grow and that’s why the show up in the mouth, rectum, and sex organs.
  5. 5. What are sexually transmitted infections and how can they affect my pregnancy? Can I get an STI if condoms are used? How can I find out whether I have any STIs? What are symptoms of STIs? What do I do If I think I have an STI? How can I avoid getting an STI? What is the impact of an STI on a fetus? Can I be treated for an STI while I'm pregnant? What local resources exist if I have a concern? FAQs
  6. 6. <iframe width="640" height="360" src=" ture=player_detailpage" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Do YOU WANT COOTIES TO RUIN YOUR LIFE??? COOTIES ARE EVERYWHERE!
  7. 7. Every person with whom you have unprotected sex, gets whatever “cooties” you have and that partner gives you all the “cooties” from all his/her previous partners. Some STIs can lurk in your body for years without symptoms, so you want to be sure you or your partner didn't unknowingly contract one in the past. The impact of unprotected sex:
  8. 8. Chlamydia Genital Warts [HPV] Gonorrhea Hepatitis B Herpes HIV/AIDS Syphilis Trichomoniasis [Trich] What are the most common STIs?
  9. 9. Sometimes no symptoms can appear, but if they do, burning, itching and unpleasant discharge can occur It can damage your reproductive organs and cause infertility It can be spread to a baby during childbirth Chlamydia
  10. 10. Genital Warts [HPV] Symptoms can show up from 1-8 months after sleeping with an infected person Small, bumpy warts can show up on the sex organs, anus and mouth Even if they go away, they can come back! Can be transmitted during childbirth to the baby
  11. 11. Gonorrhea Can be asymptomatic or cause burning, discharge or bleeding Can lead to more serious STIs or cause illness in other parts of the body, including blindness Can be spread to baby during childbirth
  12. 12. Hepatitis B Symptoms can show up 1- 9 months after being infected Flu-like symptoms, dark urine and jaundice may appear Can be spread during Childbirth Can cause liver disease or liver cancer
  13. 13. Genital Herpes Here’s what happens to a baby that gets infected: Can show up at any time after being infected Some people have no symptoms and spread the infection unknowingly There is no cure for herpes, only suppressive medications
  14. 14. HIV/AIDS Symptoms can show up month to years after becoming infected There is no cure and AIDS can result in death Can be spread to unborn baby
  15. 15. Syphilis Causes systemic illness including insanity! There are early, middle and late-stage symptoms to syphilis which can start with sores and can effect sex organs and the rest of your body in later stages Can also cause death
  16. 16. “Trich” Can show up 3-14 days after being infected There are medicines to cure it Causes itching, burning and discolored discharge More serious for men to contract it because it causes prostate infections and Non-Gonococcal Urethritis (NGU)
  17. 17. The only sure way to avoid getting an STI is to abstain from sex completely (including vaginal, oral, and anal sex), or to have sex only with a partner you're absolutely sure has a clean bill of health, doesn't use intravenous drugs, and has sex only with you. If you're not in that situation, here's what you need to do: Don't have sex with anyone who has sores or symptoms of an STI, including a partner you believe to be monogamous. If you suspect your partner has sex with other people or uses IV drugs, be sure to use a latex condom every time you have intercourse and a dental dam every time you have oral sex. These will reduce the risk of transmission of most STIs. How to avoid an STI-
  18. 18. Yes. The treatment will vary depending on the STI. Antibiotics can cure non- viral infections, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, and there are a number of antibiotics that are safe to use during pregnancy. Can I be treated for an STI while I'm pregnant?
  19. 19. What is the impact on the fetus if an STI is present? It’s not just your infection- It may become your baby’s
  20. 20. Online: Illinois Dept. of Public Health What resources exist? Local and national
  21. 21. Your family doctor Kane County Health department: Life Choices on Dundee Ave. offers free Chlamydia and gonorrhea testing AIDS/HIV AND STD HOTLINE: 1-800-243-2437 And of course, your school nurse! Local resources
  22. 22. So what to do now… Even before you have sex, you can get the HPV vaccine from your doctor STIs just don’t go away, get tested – most tests require only a blood or urine sample And if you have an STI, get treatment! Otherwise, you can spread it to sexual partners or your unborn baby And of course, you cannot get STIs if you practice ABSTINENCE!