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Caught in the Web of Sexually
    Transmitted Infections

The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland
           12201 Eu...
What Are Sexually
 Transmitted Infections???
 Sexually Transmitted Infections or STIs
  (also known as Sexually Transmitt...
Just How Serious are STIs???
• STIs can cause sterility, infertility and
  numerous health related complications.
• STIs a...
How Will I Know if I Have an
Sexually Transmitted Infection???
• Most STIs have No Symptoms.
• Sores or irritation to the ...
Common Sexually
    Transmitted Infections
• Chlamydia           •   HIV/AIDS
• Gonorrhea           •   Trichomoniasis
• S...
Types of Sexually
Transmitted Infections

• Bacterial STIs
  – Curable
• Parasitic & Fungal STIs
  – Curable
• Viral STIs
...
Chlamydia
• Most common
  bacterial STI.
• Over millions cases
  of Chlamydia are
  reported each
  year.
• Most of the ti...
Chlamydia Complications
• If left untreated, Chlamydia can
  cause:
    Epididymitis
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PI...
Chlamydia Images
Epididymitis and Cervicitis




 Epididymitis      Cervicitis
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease




Normal Uterus    Uterus with PID
Ectopic Pregnancy




Human Conception   Ectopic Pregnancy
Gonorrhea
• Gonorrhea is the
  oldest of all STIs.
   – Check out The Book of
     Leviticus Ch. 15
• Some strands of
  Go...
Symptoms of Gonorrhea
• Thick white,
  yellowish, or
  yellow-green pus
  like discharge from
  the penis or vagina.
• Itc...
Symptoms of Gonorrhea

• Gonorrhea can
  effect the eyes
  and throat.
• Mothers can pass
  Gonorrhea to the
  baby during...
Complications of Gonorrhea
• If left untreated, Gonorrhea can
  cause:
   Epididymitis
   Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  ...
Syphilis
• Syphilis is the 3rd
  bacterial STI.
• It is also known as
  “The Great
  Imitator.”
  – it mimics the
    symp...
Symptoms of Syphilis
• Painless sores on
  the genitals called
  chancre sores.
• Rash over the body.
• Syphilis can cause...
More Complications of Syphilis
Complications of Syphilis
• If left untreated, Syphilis can cause:
      Brain Damage
      Dementia
      Sterility
  ...
Trichomoniasis
• Trich is a common
  parasitic STI that
  affects both men and
  women.
• Trich is caused by the
  protozo...
Symptoms of Trichomoniasis
• Unusual discharge
  from the penis or
  vagina.
• Discharge with a
  strange odor.
• Slight b...
Complications of
          Trichomoniasis
• If left untreated, Trichomoniasis can
  cause:
     An increase in a woman's ...
Pubic Lice
• Pubic lice or crab lice
  are small, light brown,
  flat insects that cling
  to pubic hair.
• Pubic lice suc...
Symptoms of Crabs
• Little red sores in
  your pubic area
  and/or lower
  abdomen.
• Itching in the pubic
  area.
• Visib...
Scabies
• Scabies can be
  transmitted
  through sexual
  contact.
• Anyone can get
  Scabies.
• Scabies is curable.
Symptoms of Scabies
• Intense itching,
  especially at night
• Red rash
• Crusty and scaly
  skin
• Little red bumps
• Pim...
Genital Herpes
• Genital Herpes is
  caused by the
  Herpes Simplex II
  Virus.
• 1 out of 5 teen and
  adults in the U.S....
Symptoms of Genital Herpes

• Oral Herpes causes
  tiny blister to appear
  around your mouth.
• Genital Herpes causes
  t...
Complications of Genital
           Herpes
• Lifetime complications of Genital
  Herpes include:

  Reoccurring outbreaks...
Human Papilloma Virus
• HPV is the virus that
  causes genital warts.
• Certain strands of
  HPV causes cervical
  cancer ...
Symptoms of Genital Warts
• Warts, small fleshy
  bumps on the penis or
  vaginal area.
• White patches on the
  labia, in...
Cervical Cancer and Cervical
             Warts
                Cervical
                Cancer




                 Cervi...
Hepatitis B
• Hepatitis B is a serious
  disease caused by a
  virus that attacks the
  liver.
• HBV is considered an
  ST...
HIV and AIDS
• HIV is Human
  Immunodeficiency
  Virus.
• AIDS is Acquired
  Immune Deficiency
  Syndrome.
• There is NO c...
HIV Transmission
• Unprotect sexual
  intercourse
   – Vaginal
   – Anal
   – Oral
• Contact with
  contaminated blood
• U...
HIV and AIDS Complications

• Susceptibility to
  other infections
• Cancers
• Pneumonia
• Death



                      ...
Other Sexual Related
         Infections
• Vaginitis                  Vaginal Yeast
     • Yeast Infections        Infecti...
Still Think You Are Not At
          Risk???
Practicing Safer Sex
• Use condoms for all
  types of sex.
• Use dental dams
• Use condoms
  correctly
• Remember condoms
...
Where Can I Go If I Think I
     Have an STI???
• The Free Medical
  Clinic of Greater
  Cleveland
• Teen Health Center
  ...
References
• http://www.cads.go/chest/dusted/disease
  _info.him
• http://www.healthcare.org/images.html
• Hyde, J.S. & De...
Free Clinic Contact Information

    Hours of Operations: 10-9 p.m.
       For Appointments Call:
            216-721-4010
Caught in the Web of Sexually
   Transmitted Infections
          Kalia M. Johnson, M.Ed.
The Free Medical Clinic of Great...
Caught In The Web Of STIs Updated Version
Caught In The Web Of STIs Updated Version
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Caught In The Web Of STIs Updated Version

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Caught In The Web Of STIs Updated Version

  1. 1. Caught in the Web of Sexually Transmitted Infections The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106
  2. 2. What Are Sexually Transmitted Infections???  Sexually Transmitted Infections or STIs (also known as Sexually Transmitted Diseases STDs) are caught by having unprotected sex with someone who has an STI.  You can get an STI from all forms of sex.  Vaginal Sex  Anal Sex  And yes you can get an STI from Oral Sex
  3. 3. Just How Serious are STIs??? • STIs can cause sterility, infertility and numerous health related complications. • STIs are very serious especially when left untreated. • 1 in 4 teens between the ages of 13-24 will contract an STI within a year. • Certain STIs can be spread from an infected mother to her unborn baby or infant.
  4. 4. How Will I Know if I Have an Sexually Transmitted Infection??? • Most STIs have No Symptoms. • Sores or irritation to the penis, vagina, anus, mouth or throat. • Unusual discharge • Painful or burning urination • Itching, rashes, warts, etc.
  5. 5. Common Sexually Transmitted Infections • Chlamydia • HIV/AIDS • Gonorrhea • Trichomoniasis • Syphilis • Pubic Lice/ Crabs • Genital Herpes • Scabies • HPV (Human • Vaginitis Papilloma Virus)/ • Cystitis Genital Warts • Hepatitis B Virus
  6. 6. Types of Sexually Transmitted Infections • Bacterial STIs – Curable • Parasitic & Fungal STIs – Curable • Viral STIs – Treatable
  7. 7. Chlamydia • Most common bacterial STI. • Over millions cases of Chlamydia are reported each year. • Most of the time is is asymptomatic. • It is curable.
  8. 8. Chlamydia Complications • If left untreated, Chlamydia can cause: Epididymitis Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Cervicitis Ectopic Pregnancy Sterility
  9. 9. Chlamydia Images
  10. 10. Epididymitis and Cervicitis Epididymitis Cervicitis
  11. 11. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Normal Uterus Uterus with PID
  12. 12. Ectopic Pregnancy Human Conception Ectopic Pregnancy
  13. 13. Gonorrhea • Gonorrhea is the oldest of all STIs. – Check out The Book of Leviticus Ch. 15 • Some strands of Gonorrhea are resistant to antibiotics. • It is also know as the drip and the clap. • It is usually curable with antibiotics.
  14. 14. Symptoms of Gonorrhea • Thick white, yellowish, or yellow-green pus like discharge from the penis or vagina. • Itching or burning during urination. • Gonorrhea can be asymptomatic.
  15. 15. Symptoms of Gonorrhea • Gonorrhea can effect the eyes and throat. • Mothers can pass Gonorrhea to the baby during birth.
  16. 16. Complications of Gonorrhea • If left untreated, Gonorrhea can cause: Epididymitis Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Sterility
  17. 17. Syphilis • Syphilis is the 3rd bacterial STI. • It is also known as “The Great Imitator.” – it mimics the symptoms of other STIs • It is curable with antibiotics. • Syphilis occurs in 3 stages.
  18. 18. Symptoms of Syphilis • Painless sores on the genitals called chancre sores. • Rash over the body. • Syphilis can cause sterility and death if it is left untreated.
  19. 19. More Complications of Syphilis
  20. 20. Complications of Syphilis • If left untreated, Syphilis can cause: Brain Damage Dementia Sterility Blindness Death
  21. 21. Trichomoniasis • Trich is a common parasitic STI that affects both men and women. • Trich is caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. • Trich is curable with medication.
  22. 22. Symptoms of Trichomoniasis • Unusual discharge from the penis or vagina. • Discharge with a strange odor. • Slight burning sensation after urinating or ejaculating (males). • Damage to the cervix
  23. 23. Complications of Trichomoniasis • If left untreated, Trichomoniasis can cause: An increase in a woman's susceptibility to HIV infection if she is exposed to the virus. An increased chance of an HIV-infected woman passing HIV to her sex partner(s).
  24. 24. Pubic Lice • Pubic lice or crab lice are small, light brown, flat insects that cling to pubic hair. • Pubic lice suck blood for nourishment, and fix their eggs (nits) to the pubic hairs. • Pubic Lice are curable.
  25. 25. Symptoms of Crabs • Little red sores in your pubic area and/or lower abdomen. • Itching in the pubic area. • Visible nits • Crawling lice
  26. 26. Scabies • Scabies can be transmitted through sexual contact. • Anyone can get Scabies. • Scabies is curable.
  27. 27. Symptoms of Scabies • Intense itching, especially at night • Red rash • Crusty and scaly skin • Little red bumps • Pimples • Tiny bites
  28. 28. Genital Herpes • Genital Herpes is caused by the Herpes Simplex II Virus. • 1 out of 5 teen and adults in the U.S. has genital herpes. • There is NO cure for Herpes.
  29. 29. Symptoms of Genital Herpes • Oral Herpes causes tiny blister to appear around your mouth. • Genital Herpes causes tiny blisters to appear on your genitals. • Fever • Painful urination • Headaches
  30. 30. Complications of Genital Herpes • Lifetime complications of Genital Herpes include: Reoccurring outbreaks Suppressed immune system More susceptible to HIV infection.
  31. 31. Human Papilloma Virus • HPV is the virus that causes genital warts. • Certain strands of HPV causes cervical cancer and penile cancer. • Most HPV infections are asymptomatic. • There is NO cure available for HPV. • The new HPV Vaccine.
  32. 32. Symptoms of Genital Warts • Warts, small fleshy bumps on the penis or vaginal area. • White patches on the labia, inside the vagina, on the penis or around the anus. • Not everyone with HPV will have genital warts.
  33. 33. Cervical Cancer and Cervical Warts Cervical Cancer Cervical Warts Normal Cervix
  34. 34. Hepatitis B • Hepatitis B is a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver. • HBV is considered an STI because it can be transmitted through semen, vaginal fluid, and blood. • Jaundice • Swelling of the liver • There are vaccines available to protect people from contracting HBV.
  35. 35. HIV and AIDS • HIV is Human Immunodeficiency Virus. • AIDS is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. • There is NO cure for HIV or AIDS.
  36. 36. HIV Transmission • Unprotect sexual intercourse – Vaginal – Anal – Oral • Contact with contaminated blood • Using shared needles for drug use • Infected pregnant HIV Attacking a women can pass HIV White Blood Cell infection to their infant during childbirth.
  37. 37. HIV and AIDS Complications • Susceptibility to other infections • Cancers • Pneumonia • Death Oral Thrush Kaposi Sarcoma
  38. 38. Other Sexual Related Infections • Vaginitis Vaginal Yeast • Yeast Infections Infection • Bacterial Vaginosis • Cystitis • Urinary Tract Infections Bacterial • Bladder Infections Vaginosis
  39. 39. Still Think You Are Not At Risk???
  40. 40. Practicing Safer Sex • Use condoms for all types of sex. • Use dental dams • Use condoms correctly • Remember condoms do not offer protection against all STIs. • Limit your number of sex partners • Practice Abstinence
  41. 41. Where Can I Go If I Think I Have an STI??? • The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland • Teen Health Center of Lakewood • Planned Parenthood • Metro Hospital • Your primary care physician
  42. 42. References • http://www.cads.go/chest/dusted/disease _info.him • http://www.healthcare.org/images.html • Hyde, J.S. & DeLamater. Understanding Human Sexuality 8th ed. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Boston 8th edition, 2003. • Huether, S.E. & McCance, K.L. Understanding Pathophysiology. Mosby;Publishing Company, St. Louis, 3rd edition, 2004.
  43. 43. Free Clinic Contact Information Hours of Operations: 10-9 p.m. For Appointments Call: 216-721-4010
  44. 44. Caught in the Web of Sexually Transmitted Infections Kalia M. Johnson, M.Ed. The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106

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