Governance: The melt down | Biocity Studio
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Governance: The melt down | Biocity Studio

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As climate changes, Sydney is at greater risk to bushfire events. In an extreme bushfire events Sydney would not be able to cope due to our management hierarchy system. The solution will be to ...

As climate changes, Sydney is at greater risk to bushfire events. In an extreme bushfire events Sydney would not be able to cope due to our management hierarchy system. The solution will be to reconstruct our emergency management system. The new system will be more efficient in response time, true coordinated government hierarchy, accountability for each level of government involved and better allocated and multi skilled resources.

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  • With the bush fire in Sydney as a catalyst to our real crisis – a melt down of the current emergency management structure. Here we can examine the current structure. (Explain the flow chart). When reading governemnt documents and policies explaining the workings of this structure its easy to believe in its strengths. However, looking at examples of it in action such as the Condell Park Fires, 2001-02 bush fires and other examples from Canberra, we can easily recognise flaws in its very foundation. Some of these flaws include its multi-leveled bottom up approach – situations are often allowed to esculate because of this. Its potential for conflict between resources from differebt LGA’s and states and even other nations. Its unclear levels of accountability for each level of the hierarchy. Basically who does what when. Planning at different levels which may conflict with each other.
  • To combat this potential for crisis we have decided on a new structure for the management of all emergencies. From this we have presented 3 different applications of this new structure.
  • This is a diagram showing the proposed re-structure. As you can see it is immediately simplified in its levels of beauracracy and provides clearer paths of communication and responsibility. (explain diagram)
  • One of the first applications of this new structure is the 2 LGA Policy. This policy relates to the greater clarity of responsibility of the new emergency management structure.
  • In the event of an emergency breeching, the boundary of an LGA, the responsibility of management of that event is passed onto the New State Emergency Governing Body. From this position this new body is better able to find and allocate resources from around the state (other LGAs). Thus stopping the escalation of the emergency. Since the training and allocation of resources is part of this new Bodys function, the locating of resources from other areas is easily done.
  • During our research in the past two weeks, we have come to understand the complex nature of governance. The restructuring of the emergency management structure will create a simpler, more coordinated and responsive system which in turn would result in limiting the impact of emergencies on lives and property.

Governance: The melt down | Biocity Studio Governance: The melt down | Biocity Studio Presentation Transcript

  • GOVERNANCE crisis and the melt down of emergency management communications chora.org
  • LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT 3 LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT IN AUSTRALIA In the Sydney Metropolitan area there are 38 LGA’s – 17 ‘Outer Sydney’ and 21 ‘Inner Sydney’ LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS
  • WHO CONTROLS SYDNEY? There are 330 Agencies and Departments with a vested interest in Sydney and NSW… Department of Environment and Climate Change Departm ent of Community Services Departm ent of Health Rural Fire Service NSW Police Force NSW State Emergency Service State Rescue Board of NSW Fire Brigade NSW Ambulance Service NSW Department of Planning
  • BUSHFIRE IN SYDNEY
    • Sydney is situated:
    • At latitude 35°, sub-tropical high pressure system:
    • clear skies
    • light winds
    • low humidity
    • warm conditions
    • Highest bushfire incidence area in Australia (recurrence-interval pattern of major bushfire outbreaks of less than three years) (Chapman, 2000)
    • Seasonal variation can result in climate differences:
    • summer temperatures over 30’s centigrade
    • low humidity
    • warm winds
    • Ecological habitat
    • Located on a green crescent which extends across south-eastern Australia
    • predominate by fire adapted sclerophyll eucalyptus forests and bushland
    • (Chapman, 2000)
  • BUSHFIRE IN SYDNEY
    • The combination of hotter days due to climate change (Australian Greenhouse Office, 2007) , increasing levels of evaporation and demographic pressures for development in and near to bush land in the next few years will result in greater vulnerability to effects to bushfire events.
    • STATISTICS
    • Over 85 fires
    • 4,500 firefighters
    • 90 aircraft
    • Over 1million acres burned
    • 50 houses destroyed
    • 1 death
    • Power blackouts
    • Road & Rail chaos
    • Estimated cost over A$100 million
    SYDNEY 2002-2003 BUSHFIRE Source: University of Wollongong, 2007, Fire History of Australia
  • CRISIS What would happen in the case of an extreme bushfire event which engulfs Sydney? How would our current emergency management hierarchy cope? A melt down of the system A slow response to a quick approaching & devastating fire
  • HIERARCHY MELTDOWN SYDNEY
  • THE SOLUTION CRISIS 2 LGA POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS TO METROPOLITAN STRATEGY RESOURCE ALLOCATION RESTRUCTURING OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
  • NEW STATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT BODY
  • THE SOLUTION CRISIS 2 LGA POLICY SOLUTION RESTRUCTURING OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
  • 2 LGA POLICY
    • CLEAR UNDERSTANDING OF WHEN NEW STATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT BODY GETS INVOLVED
    • WHEN EMERGENCY CROSSES AN LGA OR GOVERNMENT BOUNDARY
  • THE SOLUTION CRISIS 2 LGA POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS TO METROPOLITAN STRATEGY SOLUTION RESTRUCTURING OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
  • SYDNEY METROPOLITAN STRATEGY
    • NO MENTION OF BUSHFIRE MANAGEMENT POLICIES IN STRATEGY:
    • REVISED POLICY:
    • Increase set back to a minimum 100 metres between developments and forests and bush land (Existing minimum setback required 20 metres) - (Planning for Bushfire 2001)
    • REDUCE THE INTERFACE BETWEEN THE FIRE PRONE BUSH LAND AND FRINGES OF THE CITY BY:
      • Increase densities of existing LGAs
      • condense the proposed new south-west and north-west growing zones
  • THE SOLUTION CRISIS 2 LGA POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS TO METROPOLITAN STRATEGY RESOURCE ALLOCATION SOLUTION RESTRUCTURING OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
  • RESOURCE ALLOCATION NEW STATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT BODY
    • INVESTING IN LOCAL RESOURCES
    • TRAINING OF LOCAL RESOURCES
    • MULTI-SKILLED RESOURCES
    • VOLUNTEER AND PAID WORKERS
    TO PROVIDE A STATE WIDE LOCAL NETWORK
  • RESOURCE ALLOCATION RESPONSIBILITIES LGA BOUNDARY CROSSING NEW STATE BODY ALLOCATES RESOURCES 5 OR MORE LGA BOUNDARY CROSSING AUSTRALIAN DEFENCE IS PUT ON ALERT AUSTRALIAN GOVT EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT TAKES CONTROL
  • CONCLUSION
    • In the event of a large scale emergency such as bush fires
    • the new structure would provide:
      • More efficient response times
      • A truly coordinated government hierarchy
      • More accountability for each level of government involved
      • Better allocated and multi-skilled resources
    • All lead to limiting the loss of lives and property in emergency situations
  •